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3 формы глагола слова see



3 формы глагола слова see

видеть, смотреть, посмотреть, увидеть, наблюдать, увидать, понимать, узнать, понять, считать, рассматривать, встречаться, увидеться, повидать, видать, замечать, узреть, усматривать, см.

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Present

I see
you see
he sees
we see
you see
they see

Present continuous

Past simple

I have seen
you have seen
he has seen
we have seen
you have seen
they have seen

Past continuous

I have been seeing
you have been seeing
he has been seeing
we have been seeing
you have been seeing
they have been seeing

Present perfect

I will see
you will see
he will see
we will see
you will see
they will see

Present perfect continuous

I will be seeing
you will be seeing
he will be seeing
we will be seeing
you will be seeing
they will be seeing

Past perfect

I will have seen
you will have seen
he will have seen
we will have seen
you will have seen
they will have seen

Past perfect continuous

I will have been seeing
you will have been seeing
he will have been seeing
we will have been seeing
you will have been seeing
they will have been seeing

Future

Future continuous

I had seen
you had seen
he had seen
we had seen
you had seen
they had seen

Future perfect

I had been seeing
you had been seeing
he had been seeing
we had been seeing
you had been seeing
they had been seeing

Future perfect continuous

Present

I would see
you would see
he would see
we would see
you would see
they would see

Present continuous

I would be seeing
you would be seeing
he would be seeing
we would be seeing
you would be seeing
they would be seeing

I would have seen
you would have seen
he would have seen
we would have seen
you would have seen
they would have seen

Past continuous

I would have been seeing
you would have been seeing
he would have been seeing
we would have been seeing
you would have been seeing
they would have been seeing

Источник

Спряжение глагола «to see» (Английский язык)

Глагол to see – неправильный глагол в английском языке, в переводе на русский означает: увидеть, смотреть, посмотреть, видеть, наблюдать, рассматривать.

Infinitive to see
Simple past saw
Past participle seen
-s sees
-ing seeing

See in present simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

He does not see
She does not see
It does not see

They do not see

Вопрос

Does he see?
Does she see?
Does it see?

See in present continuous

Утверждение

He is seeing
She is seeing
It is seeing

They are seeing

Отрицание

I am not seeing

You are not seeing

He is not seeing
She is not seeing
It is not seeing

We are not seeing

You are not seeing

They are not seeing

Вопрос

Is he seeing?
Is she seeing?
Is it seeing?

Are they seeing?

See in present perfect

Утверждение

He has seen
She has seen
It has seen

Отрицание

I have not seen

You have not seen

He has not seen
She has not seen
It has not seen

We have not seen

You have not seen

They have not seen

Вопрос

Has he seen?
Has she seen?
Has it seen?

See in present perfect continuous

Утверждение

I have been seeing

You have been seeing

He has been seeing
She has been seeing
It has been seeing

We have been seeing

You have been seeing

They have been seeing

Отрицание

I have not been seeing

You have not been seeing

He has not been seeing
She has not been seeing
It has not been seeing

We have not been seeing

You have not been seeing

They have not been seeing

Вопрос

Have I been seeing?

Have you been seeing?

Has he been seeing?
Has she been seeing?
Has it been seeing?

Have we been seeing?

Have you been seeing?

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Have they been seeing?

See in past simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

You did not see

He did not see
She did not see
It did not see

You did not see

They did not see

Вопрос

Did he see?
Did she see?
Did it see?

See in past continuous

Утверждение

You were seeing

He was seeing
She was seeing
It was seeing

You were seeing

They were seeing

Отрицание

I was not seeing

You were not seeing

He was not seeing
She was not seeing
It was not seeing

We were not seeing

You were not seeing

They were not seeing

Вопрос

Were you seeing?

Was he seeing?
Was she seeing?
Was it seeing?

Were you seeing?

Were they seeing?

See in past perfect

Утверждение

He had seen
She had seen
It had seen

Отрицание

You had not seen

He had not seen
She had not seen
It had not seen

We had not seen

You had not seen

They had not seen

Вопрос

Had he seen?
Had she seen?
Had it seen?

See in past perfect continuous

Утверждение

I had been seeing

You had been seeing

He had been seeing
She had been seeing
It had been seeing

We had been seeing

You had been seeing

They had been seeing

Отрицание

I had not been seeing

You had not been seeing

He had not been seeing
She had not been seeing
It had not been seeing

We had not been seeing

You had not been seeing

They had not been seeing

Вопрос

Had I been seeing?

Had you been seeing?

Had he been seeing?
Had she been seeing?
Had it been seeing?

Had we been seeing?

Had you been seeing?

Had they been seeing?

See in future simple

Утверждение

He will see
She will see
It will see

Отрицание

You will not see

He will not see
She will not see
It will not see

We will not see

You will not see

They will not see

Вопрос

Will he see?
Will she see?
Will it see?

See in future continuous

Утверждение

I will be seeing

You will be seeing

He will be seeing
She will be seeing
It will be seeing

We will be seeing

You will be seeing

They will be seeing

Отрицание

I will not be seeing

You will not be seeing

He will not be seeing
She will not be seeing
It will not be seeing

We will not be seeing

You will not be seeing

They will not be seeing

Вопрос

Will I be seeing?

Will you be seeing?

Will he be seeing?
Will she be seeing?
Will it be seeing?

Will we be seeing?

Will you be seeing?

Will they be seeing?

See in future perfect

Утверждение

I will have seen

You will have seen

He will have seen
She will have seen
It will have seen

We will have seen

You will have seen

They will have seen

Отрицание

I will not have seen

You will not have seen

He will not have seen
She will not have seen
It will not have seen

We will not have seen

You will not have seen

They will not have seen

Вопрос

Will I have seen?

Will you have seen?

Will he have seen?
Will she have seen?
Will it have seen?

Will we have seen?

Will you have seen?

Will they have seen?

See in future perfect continuous

Утверждение

I will have been seeing

You will have been seeing

He will have been seeing
She will have been seeing
It will have been seeing

We will have been seeing

You will have been seeing

They will have been seeing

Отрицание

I will not have been seeing

You will not have been seeing

He will not have been seeing
She will not have been seeing
It will not have been seeing

We will not have been seeing

You will not have been seeing

They will not have been seeing

Вопрос

Will I have been seeing?

Will you have been seeing?

Will he have been seeing?
Will she have been seeing?
Will it have been seeing?

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Will we have been seeing?

Will you have been seeing?

Will they have been seeing?

See in conditional present

Утверждение

He would see
She would see
It would see

Отрицание

I would not see

You would not see

He would not see
She would not see
It would not see

We would not see

You would not see

They would not see

Вопрос

Would he see?
Would she see?
Would it see?

See in conditional present progressive

Утверждение

I would be seeing

You would be seeing

He would be seeing
She would be seeing
It would be seeing

We would be seeing

You would be seeing

They would be seeing

Отрицание

I would not be seeing

You would not be seeing

He would not be seeing
She would not be seeing
It would not be seeing

We would not be seeing

You would not be seeing

They would not be seeing

Вопрос

Would I be seeing?

Would you be seeing?

Would he be seeing?
Would she be seeing?
Would it be seeing?

Would we be seeing?

Would you be seeing?

Would they be seeing?

See in conditional perfect

Утверждение

I would have seen

You would have seen

He would have seen
She would have seen
It would have seen

We would have seen

You would have seen

They would have seen

Отрицание

I would not have seen

You would not have seen

He would not have seen
She would not have seen
It would not have seen

We would not have seen

You would not have seen

They would not have seen

Вопрос

Would I have seen?

Would you have seen?

Would he have seen?
Would she have seen?
Would it have seen?

Would we have seen?

Would you have seen?

Would they have seen?

See in conditional perfect progressive

Утверждение

I would have been seeing

You would have been seeing

He would have been seeing
She would have been seeing
It would have been seeing

We would have been seeing

You would have been seeing

They would have been seeing

Отрицание

I would not have been seeing

You would not have been seeing

He would not have been seeing
She would not have been seeing
It would not have been seeing

We would not have been seeing

You would not have been seeing

They would not have been seeing

Вопрос

Would I have been seeing?

Would you have been seeing?

Would he have been seeing?
Would she have been seeing?
Would it have been seeing?

Источник

Три формы неправильного глагола see, также перевод, примеры предложений

Глагол по праву можно назвать королем английского языка, ведь без этой части речи нельзя обойтись практически ни в одном высказывании. Именно поэтому на глаголы и существует так много различных правил, многие из которых связаны с изменением временных форм. О них и пойдет речь в сегодняшней статье, а конкретно разбирать будем для to see 3 формы глагола с точки зрения их грамматики и перевода. Как вам наверняка известно, в английском языке есть и четвертая глагольная форма, потому немного поговорим и об употреблении see в Present Continuous, которое, кстати, довольно своеобразно. В общем, приглашаем к чтению статьи и пополнению копилки знаний!

Значения английского to see

Для начала поговорим о вариантах русского перевода. В общепринятом значении английский глагол see призван описывать зрительную деятельность, соответственно, в нашей речи данное слово переводят аналогичными синонимами «видеть», «увидеть», «взглянуть», «посмотреть».

  • I am pleased to see her happy. Мне приятно видеть ее счастливой.
  • We want to see what happened before they entered. — Мы хотим увидеть, что произошло до того, как они вошли.
  • Let me see your paintings. — Позволь мне взглянуть на твои картины.
  • I always wanted to see how they live elsewhere. — Я всегда хотел посмотреть, как живут люди в других странах мира.

Также в разговорной речи see часто означает встречу (сродни русскому «увидеться») или понимание, осознание какого-либо факта (схоже с русским «видеть смысл», «понимать»). Кроме того, частенько этот глагол можно встретить в контексте «узнавать информацию», «выяснять», «разведывать».

  • See you later! — Увидимся!
  • It lets me see that you have flaws. — Это дает мне понять, что у тебя тоже есть недостатки.
  • Well, then, let’s call her in and see what she’s hiding. — Что ж, тогда давайте договоримся с ней о встрече и узнаем, что же она скрывает.
  • Go and see if the doctor has come. — Сходи и узнай, пришел ли доктор.

Таким образом, круг значений английского слова see достаточно четко определен, и с пониманием собеседников в этом плане проблем возникнуть не должно. А сейчас предлагаем рассмотреть формы глагола see, чтобы научиться использовать этот глагол не только в разных контекстах, но и при любом времени действия.

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Характерные для see 3 формы глагола

Английская грамматика известна достаточно сложной системой времен. Насчитывается более десятка различных комбинаций сказуемых, в которых действие относится к строго определенному временному промежутку. И со стороны эта система действительно кажется запутанной, но если в ней подробно разобраться, то все довольно быстро встает на свои места. Тем более что для использования всех комбинаций достаточно выучить всего несколько глагольных форм. Разберем их по порядку.

Начальная форма

Уже знакомый нам вид see – это и есть первая форма данного глагола. Заметим, что к ней может присоединяться инфинитивная частица to или же другие вспомогательные глаголы (can see, don’t see, could see и т.д.). Что же касается грамматического предназначения, то начальная форма английских глаголов применяется в следующих случаях:

  • Все предложенияPresentSimple;
  • Вопросы и отрицанияPastSimple;
  • Сказуемые с инфинитивом;
  • Сказуемые с модальными глаголами.

Причем добавим, что в Present Simple see может менять свою форму на sees, если подлежащее характеризуется 3 лицом единственного числа. Рассмотрим все обозначенные выше моменты с помощью примеров.

  • Then we see how the world actually works. — Теперь мы понимаем, как на самом деле устроен мир.
  • She sees things other people barely notice. — Она видит вещи, которые другие люди едва замечают.
  • Did you see that Jane was crying? — Ты видел, что Джейн плакала?
  • They want to see the results. — Они хотят увидеть результаты.
  • Visitors must see it. — Посетители должны видеть это.

Past Simple

Вторая форма позволяет употреблять глагол see в Past Simple – простом прошедшем времени. И здесь есть важный нюанс: по правилу, для образования формы №2 мы должны добавить к инфинитиву окончание –ed. Но английский не был бы так знаменит, если бы из его правил не было множество исключений. И наш see как раз такое исключение, которое относится к неправильным глаголам английского языка. Подобные слова известны своеобразным написанием, которое указывается в специальной таблице. Так, согласно таблице, написание второй формы глагола see – saw.

  • She saw them. — Она видела их.
  • I saw the price you paid. — Я увидел, в какую цену тебе это обошлось.

Не забывайте о том, что saw используется только для утверждений. Вопросительные и отрицательные предложения требуют комбинации did (didn’t) + see.

Past Participle or Participle II

3 форма глагола see является главной составляющей сказуемых в перфектных временах и страдательном залоге. По правилу образование ее такое же, как и у второй: добавление –ed. Но поскольку наш глагол неправильный, его третья форма индивидуальна. И выглядит она следующим образом: seen. Рассмотрим употребление этой формы на примерах.

  • Mike has seen them, and he says they are not angry. — Майк видел их, и он говорит, что они не злятся.
  • Our grandfathers have seen war, famine and death. — Наши деды видели войну, голод и смерть.

Четвертая форма английских глаголов и поведение see

Для аспектов времени Continuous используются особые инговые формы. Как понятно из названия, они образуются при помощи окончания –ing, добавляемого к инфинитиву. При этом в сказуемом инговым формам всегда сопутствует вспомогательный to be. Но конкретно глагол see Present Continuous, Past Continuous и Future Continuous, а также вместе с ними все времена Perfect Continuous, может использовать только в значении «видеться», «встречаться». Дело в том, что чувства в английском нельзя описывать в длительных временах, поэтому сказать «я сейчас вижу» можно только в Present Simple. А вот обозначить встречу вполне позволительно Континиусом.

  • We are seeing at the café. — Мы встречаемся в кафе.

Таким образом, мы изучили все формы глагола: see-saw-seen-seeing. Советуем поупражняться на употребление to see в разных временах, и тогда изученная информация быстро запомнится. Успехов и до новых встреч!

Источник