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Глагол buy во всех временах



Глагол buy во всех временах

покупать, купить, приобретать, приобрести, закупать, выкупить, закупить, скупать, выкупать, прикупить, докупить, купить, себе, накупить, подкупить, покупка, приобретение, закупка

Реализовано с помощью сервиса «API «Яндекс.Словарь»

Present

I buy
you buy
he buys
we buy
you buy
they buy

Present continuous

Past simple

I have bought
you have bought
he has bought
we have bought
you have bought
they have bought

Past continuous

I have been buying
you have been buying
he has been buying
we have been buying
you have been buying
they have been buying

Present perfect

I will buy
you will buy
he will buy
we will buy
you will buy
they will buy

Present perfect continuous

I will be buying
you will be buying
he will be buying
we will be buying
you will be buying
they will be buying

Past perfect

I will have bought
you will have bought
he will have bought
we will have bought
you will have bought
they will have bought

Past perfect continuous

I will have been buying
you will have been buying
he will have been buying
we will have been buying
you will have been buying
they will have been buying

Future

Future continuous

I had bought
you had bought
he had bought
we had bought
you had bought
they had bought

Future perfect

I had been buying
you had been buying
he had been buying
we had been buying
you had been buying
they had been buying

Future perfect continuous

Present

I would buy
you would buy
he would buy
we would buy
you would buy
they would buy

Present continuous

I would be buying
you would be buying
he would be buying
we would be buying
you would be buying
they would be buying

I would have bought
you would have bought
he would have bought
we would have bought
you would have bought
they would have bought

Past continuous

I would have been buying
you would have been buying
he would have been buying
we would have been buying
you would have been buying
they would have been buying

Источник

Глагол buy в прошедшем времени — грамматика, перевод, примеры

Приветствуем всех читателей! Сегодня темой нашего урока по английскому языку станет популярный глагол buy. В статье расскажем о назначении и переводах этого слова, объясним, как правильно писать buy в прошедшем времени, настоящем и будущем, а также закрепим теоретические объяснения наглядными примерами предложений. Приглашаем всех присоединиться к прочтению материала, ведь изложенная информация позволит пополнить копилку собственных знаний и улучшить владение английским языком. Итак, приступим!

Когда и для чего используется глагол buy

Прежде всего определимся с назначением слова. Глагол buy в английском языке связан с покупками, а потому на русский он переводится словами «купить», «покупать», «приобрести» и т.п. Для запоминания значения рассмотрим несколько примеров употребления данного глагола в английской речи.

  • I want to buy the same watch as Jack has. — Я хочу купить такие же часы, какие носит Джек.
  • You can buy our goods online. — Вы можете приобрести наши товары через интернет.
  • Never buy products that were tested on animals. — Никогда не покупайте продукцию, тестированную на животных.

Кстати, эти же примеры демонстрируют и использование глагола buy в сказуемом разных типов. Первое предложение отличается инфинитивным сказуемым, второе содержит связку модального глагола и buy, а третье вовсе составлено в повелительном наклонении. Более того, в неизменном виде может использоваться buy в Simple Present и Future, а также в вопросах и отрицаниях простого прошедшего.

  • Sometimes I buy apples. — Иногдаяпокупаюяблоки.
  • We will buy a new flat next year. — Мы купим новую квартиру в следующем году.
  • Did you buy this newspaper last Sunday? — Ты купил эту газету в прошлое воскресенье?

Но здесь же стоит добавить парочку важных нюансов. Во-первых, в Презент Симпл с подлежащим 3 лица ед. ч. (он, она, оно) происходит изменение у глагола buy формы, поскольку к слову обязательно необходимо добавить окончание –s.

  • She never buys dresses with zippers. — Она никогда не покупает платья с застежками-молниями.

При этом обратите внимание, что присоединяется всего одна буква –s, и больше никаких трансформаций со словом не происходит: не надо заменять y на –i или –ie, и тем более не надо использовать окончание –es. Варианты вроде buis, buyes, buies – НЕВЕРНЫЕ! Для времени Present Simple правильно писать при подлежащем в 3 лице buys и никак иначе.

  • He buys her flowers every day. — Он покупает ей цветы каждый день.

Второй же нюанс касается времени Past Simple. Слово buy в этом аспекте можно встретить только в связке с глаголом did, который помогает создавать вопросы и отрицания. А вот для утверждений со словом «покупать» в прошедшем времени buy использует особую форму. Эту тему сейчас подробно и разберем.

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Как сказать buy в прошедшем времени

В английском языке есть общее правило: чтобы указать на прошедшийсрок действия, к глаголу необходимо добавить окончание –ed. И все было бы легко и просто, если бы данной норме подчинялись все слова. Но не тут-то было, ведь существует в английской грамматике такое понятие, как irregular verbs – неправильные глаголы, и buy входит в число этих самых «непокорных» слов. Что это значит? Давайте разбираться вместе.

Любой неправильный английский глагол образует формы прошедшего не по грамматической норме, а по устоявшемуся в обществе принципу: проще говоря, как повелось в речи писать и произносить, так и считается правильным. Заметим, что подвергаются такому влиянию сразу две глагольные формы: Past Simple (простое прошедшее время) и Past Participle (причастие прошедшего). Паст Симпл как раз и используется для утвердительных предложений прошедшего, при этом вторая форма buy пишется и произносится как bought [bɔːt].

  • He bought a book yesterday. — Он купил вчера какую-то книгу.
  • We bought a new car last year. — В прошлом году мы купили новую машину.
  • Our mother bought a lottery ticket. — Наша мама купила лотерейный билет.

Что же касается формы причастия, то она необходима для образования времен группы Perfect. И самое интересное, что у данного глагола третья форма идентична второй. Получается, что в Present Perfect buy тоже превратится в bought, но по правилам перфектных времен сопутствовать ему будет глагол have/has. То же правило касается и остальных аспектов: Past Perfect (had + bought) и Future Perfect (will have bought).

  • My boyfriend has bought me this smartphone. — Мой молодой человек купил мне этот смартфон.
  • So many people have bought bikes that the store is now out of stock. — Так много людей купили велосипеды, что теперь в магазине их нет в наличии.
  • Jack told me that he had bought the wrong tires. — Джек сказал мне, что он купил неподходящие шины.

Таким образом, в Простом (Simple) или Перфектном (Perfect) прошедшем времени buy заменяется на специальную форму bought. Но здесь важно не забывать нюанс использования did в Past Simple, поскольку в таком случае форму bought применить нельзя!

Что такое buying

В английском языке часто можно встретить глаголы с характерным окончанием –ing. Это особая, четвертая глагольная форма, и предназначена она для выражения текущих процессов, т.е. незавершенных действий (аспекты Continuous и Perfect Continuous). Так, например, если мы хотим сказать, что кто-то покупает вещь прямо сейчас, то нам следует употребить глагол buy в Present Continuous, для чего и необходимо добавить к основе слова ing-окончание. Таким образом, мы получим форму buying, и использоваться она может, конечно, не только в Present, но и в Past, и в Future Continuous.

  • John is buying this house. — Джон покупает этот дом.
  • I assumed you were buying a present for your wife. — Я предположила, что вы покупали подарок для своей жены.
  • One day many of us will be buying new books this way. — Настанет день, и многие из нас будут приобретать книги именно таким путем.

Вот теперь занятие точно можно завершать, ведь нам уже удалось изучить все формы слова buy и ознакомиться с нюансами их применения. Согласитесь, время урока пролетело незаметно, а вот полученные знания останутся в памяти надолго. Чаще практикуйтесь в английском и возвращайтесь к нам за получением новой полезной информации. Успехов!

Источник

Спряжение глагола «to buy» (Английский язык)

Глагол to buy – неправильный глагол в английском языке, в переводе на русский означает: покупать; приобретать; подкупать; покупка.

Infinitive to buy
Simple past bought
Past participle bought
-s buys
-ing buying

Buy in present simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

He does not buy
She does not buy
It does not buy

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They do not buy

Вопрос

Does he buy?
Does she buy?
Does it buy?

Buy in present continuous

Утверждение

He is buying
She is buying
It is buying

They are buying

Отрицание

I am not buying

You are not buying

He is not buying
She is not buying
It is not buying

We are not buying

You are not buying

They are not buying

Вопрос

Is he buying?
Is she buying?
Is it buying?

Are they buying?

Buy in present perfect

Утверждение

You have bought

He has bought
She has bought
It has bought

You have bought

They have bought

Отрицание

I have not bought

You have not bought

He has not bought
She has not bought
It has not bought

We have not bought

You have not bought

They have not bought

Вопрос

Have you bought?

Has he bought?
Has she bought?
Has it bought?

Have you bought?

Have they bought?

Buy in present perfect continuous

Утверждение

I have been buying

You have been buying

He has been buying
She has been buying
It has been buying

We have been buying

You have been buying

They have been buying

Отрицание

I have not been buying

You have not been buying

He has not been buying
She has not been buying
It has not been buying

We have not been buying

You have not been buying

They have not been buying

Вопрос

Have I been buying?

Have you been buying?

Has he been buying?
Has she been buying?
Has it been buying?

Have we been buying?

Have you been buying?

Have they been buying?

Buy in past simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

You did not buy

He did not buy
She did not buy
It did not buy

You did not buy

They did not buy

Вопрос

Did he buy?
Did she buy?
Did it buy?

Buy in past continuous

Утверждение

You were buying

He was buying
She was buying
It was buying

You were buying

They were buying

Отрицание

I was not buying

You were not buying

He was not buying
She was not buying
It was not buying

We were not buying

You were not buying

They were not buying

Вопрос

Were you buying?

Was he buying?
Was she buying?
Was it buying?

Were you buying?

Were they buying?

Buy in past perfect

Утверждение

He had bought
She had bought
It had bought

They had bought

Отрицание

I had not bought

You had not bought

He had not bought
She had not bought
It had not bought

We had not bought

You had not bought

They had not bought

Вопрос

Had he bought?
Had she bought?
Had it bought?

Had they bought?

Buy in past perfect continuous

Утверждение

I had been buying

You had been buying

He had been buying
She had been buying
It had been buying

We had been buying

You had been buying

They had been buying

Отрицание

I had not been buying

You had not been buying

He had not been buying
She had not been buying
It had not been buying

We had not been buying

You had not been buying

They had not been buying

Вопрос

Had I been buying?

Had you been buying?

Had he been buying?
Had she been buying?
Had it been buying?

Had we been buying?

Had you been buying?

Had they been buying?

Buy in future simple

Утверждение

He will buy
She will buy
It will buy

Отрицание

You will not buy

He will not buy
She will not buy
It will not buy

We will not buy

You will not buy

They will not buy

Вопрос

Will he buy?
Will she buy?
Will it buy?

Buy in future continuous

Утверждение

I will be buying

You will be buying

He will be buying
She will be buying
It will be buying

We will be buying

You will be buying

They will be buying

Отрицание

I will not be buying

You will not be buying

He will not be buying
She will not be buying
It will not be buying

We will not be buying

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You will not be buying

They will not be buying

Вопрос

Will I be buying?

Will you be buying?

Will he be buying?
Will she be buying?
Will it be buying?

Will we be buying?

Will you be buying?

Will they be buying?

Buy in future perfect

Утверждение

I will have bought

You will have bought

He will have bought
She will have bought
It will have bought

We will have bought

You will have bought

They will have bought

Отрицание

I will not have bought

You will not have bought

He will not have bought
She will not have bought
It will not have bought

We will not have bought

You will not have bought

They will not have bought

Вопрос

Will I have bought?

Will you have bought?

Will he have bought?
Will she have bought?
Will it have bought?

Will we have bought?

Will you have bought?

Will they have bought?

Buy in future perfect continuous

Утверждение

I will have been buying

You will have been buying

He will have been buying
She will have been buying
It will have been buying

We will have been buying

You will have been buying

They will have been buying

Отрицание

I will not have been buying

You will not have been buying

He will not have been buying
She will not have been buying
It will not have been buying

We will not have been buying

You will not have been buying

They will not have been buying

Вопрос

Will I have been buying?

Will you have been buying?

Will he have been buying?
Will she have been buying?
Will it have been buying?

Will we have been buying?

Will you have been buying?

Will they have been buying?

Buy in conditional present

Утверждение

He would buy
She would buy
It would buy

Отрицание

I would not buy

You would not buy

He would not buy
She would not buy
It would not buy

We would not buy

You would not buy

They would not buy

Вопрос

Would he buy?
Would she buy?
Would it buy?

Buy in conditional present progressive

Утверждение

I would be buying

You would be buying

He would be buying
She would be buying
It would be buying

We would be buying

You would be buying

They would be buying

Отрицание

I would not be buying

You would not be buying

He would not be buying
She would not be buying
It would not be buying

We would not be buying

You would not be buying

They would not be buying

Вопрос

Would I be buying?

Would you be buying?

Would he be buying?
Would she be buying?
Would it be buying?

Would we be buying?

Would you be buying?

Would they be buying?

Buy in conditional perfect

Утверждение

I would have bought

You would have bought

He would have bought
She would have bought
It would have bought

We would have bought

You would have bought

They would have bought

Отрицание

I would not have bought

You would not have bought

He would not have bought
She would not have bought
It would not have bought

We would not have bought

You would not have bought

They would not have bought

Вопрос

Would I have bought?

Would you have bought?

Would he have bought?
Would she have bought?
Would it have bought?

Would we have bought?

Would you have bought?

Would they have bought?

Buy in conditional perfect progressive

Утверждение

I would have been buying

You would have been buying

He would have been buying
She would have been buying
It would have been buying

We would have been buying

You would have been buying

They would have been buying

Отрицание

I would not have been buying

You would not have been buying

He would not have been buying
She would not have been buying
It would not have been buying

We would not have been buying

You would not have been buying

They would not have been buying

Вопрос

Would I have been buying?

Would you have been buying?

Would he have been buying?
Would she have been buying?
Would it have been buying?

Источник