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Глагол eat в будущем времени



Глагол eat в будущем времени

ПЕЧАЛЬКО. В словарях Яндекса перевод отсутствует или при вводе была совершена ошибка

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Present

I eat
you eat
he eats
we eat
you eat
they eat

Present continuous

Past simple

I have eaten
you have eaten
he has eaten
we have eaten
you have eaten
they have eaten

Past continuous

I have been eating
you have been eating
he has been eating
we have been eating
you have been eating
they have been eating

Present perfect

I will eat
you will eat
he will eat
we will eat
you will eat
they will eat

Present perfect continuous

I will be eating
you will be eating
he will be eating
we will be eating
you will be eating
they will be eating

Past perfect

I will have eaten
you will have eaten
he will have eaten
we will have eaten
you will have eaten
they will have eaten

Past perfect continuous

I will have been eating
you will have been eating
he will have been eating
we will have been eating
you will have been eating
they will have been eating

Future

Future continuous

I had eaten
you had eaten
he had eaten
we had eaten
you had eaten
they had eaten

Future perfect

I had been eating
you had been eating
he had been eating
we had been eating
you had been eating
they had been eating

Future perfect continuous

Present

I would eat
you would eat
he would eat
we would eat
you would eat
they would eat

Present continuous

I would be eating
you would be eating
he would be eating
we would be eating
you would be eating
they would be eating

I would have eaten
you would have eaten
he would have eaten
we would have eaten
you would have eaten
they would have eaten

Past continuous

I would have been eating
you would have been eating
he would have been eating
we would have been eating
you would have been eating
they would have been eating

Источник

Спряжение глагола «to eat» (Английский язык)

Глагол to eat – неправильный глагол в английском языке, в переводе на русский означает: есть; поедать, поглощать; разъедать, разрушатьe.

Infinitive to eat
Simple past ate
Past participle eaten
-s eats
-ing eating

Eat in present simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

He does not eat
She does not eat
It does not eat

They do not eat

Вопрос

Does he eat?
Does she eat?
Does it eat?

Eat in present continuous

Утверждение

He is eating
She is eating
It is eating

They are eating

Отрицание

I am not eating

You are not eating

He is not eating
She is not eating
It is not eating

We are not eating

You are not eating

They are not eating

Вопрос

Is he eating?
Is she eating?
Is it eating?

Are they eating?

Eat in present perfect

Утверждение

He has eaten
She has eaten
It has eaten

They have eaten

Отрицание

I have not eaten

You have not eaten

He has not eaten
She has not eaten
It has not eaten

We have not eaten

You have not eaten

They have not eaten

Вопрос

Has he eaten?
Has she eaten?
Has it eaten?

Have they eaten?

Eat in present perfect continuous

Утверждение

I have been eating

You have been eating

He has been eating
She has been eating
It has been eating

We have been eating

You have been eating

They have been eating

Отрицание

I have not been eating

You have not been eating

He has not been eating
She has not been eating
It has not been eating

We have not been eating

You have not been eating

They have not been eating

Вопрос

Have I been eating?

Have you been eating?

Has he been eating?
Has she been eating?
Has it been eating?

Have we been eating?

Have you been eating?

Have they been eating?

Eat in past simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

You did not eat

He did not eat
She did not eat
It did not eat

You did not eat

They did not eat

Вопрос

Did he eat?
Did she eat?
Did it eat?

Eat in past continuous

Утверждение

You were eating

He was eating
She was eating
It was eating

You were eating

They were eating

Отрицание

I was not eating

You were not eating

He was not eating
She was not eating
It was not eating

We were not eating

You were not eating

They were not eating

Вопрос

Were you eating?

Was he eating?
Was she eating?
Was it eating?

Were you eating?

Were they eating?

Eat in past perfect

Утверждение

He had eaten
She had eaten
It had eaten

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Отрицание

I had not eaten

You had not eaten

He had not eaten
She had not eaten
It had not eaten

We had not eaten

You had not eaten

They had not eaten

Вопрос

Had he eaten?
Had she eaten?
Had it eaten?

Eat in past perfect continuous

Утверждение

I had been eating

You had been eating

He had been eating
She had been eating
It had been eating

We had been eating

You had been eating

They had been eating

Отрицание

I had not been eating

You had not been eating

He had not been eating
She had not been eating
It had not been eating

We had not been eating

You had not been eating

They had not been eating

Вопрос

Had I been eating?

Had you been eating?

Had he been eating?
Had she been eating?
Had it been eating?

Had we been eating?

Had you been eating?

Had they been eating?

Eat in future simple

Утверждение

He will eat
She will eat
It will eat

Отрицание

You will not eat

He will not eat
She will not eat
It will not eat

We will not eat

You will not eat

They will not eat

Вопрос

Will he eat?
Will she eat?
Will it eat?

Eat in future continuous

Утверждение

I will be eating

You will be eating

He will be eating
She will be eating
It will be eating

We will be eating

You will be eating

They will be eating

Отрицание

I will not be eating

You will not be eating

He will not be eating
She will not be eating
It will not be eating

We will not be eating

You will not be eating

They will not be eating

Вопрос

Will I be eating?

Will you be eating?

Will he be eating?
Will she be eating?
Will it be eating?

Will we be eating?

Will you be eating?

Will they be eating?

Eat in future perfect

Утверждение

I will have eaten

You will have eaten

He will have eaten
She will have eaten
It will have eaten

We will have eaten

You will have eaten

They will have eaten

Отрицание

I will not have eaten

You will not have eaten

He will not have eaten
She will not have eaten
It will not have eaten

We will not have eaten

You will not have eaten

They will not have eaten

Вопрос

Will I have eaten?

Will you have eaten?

Will he have eaten?
Will she have eaten?
Will it have eaten?

Will we have eaten?

Will you have eaten?

Will they have eaten?

Eat in future perfect continuous

Утверждение

I will have been eating

You will have been eating

He will have been eating
She will have been eating
It will have been eating

We will have been eating

You will have been eating

They will have been eating

Отрицание

I will not have been eating

You will not have been eating

He will not have been eating
She will not have been eating
It will not have been eating

We will not have been eating

You will not have been eating

They will not have been eating

Вопрос

Will I have been eating?

Will you have been eating?

Will he have been eating?
Will she have been eating?
Will it have been eating?

Will we have been eating?

Will you have been eating?

Will they have been eating?

Eat in conditional present

Утверждение

He would eat
She would eat
It would eat

Отрицание

I would not eat

You would not eat

He would not eat
She would not eat
It would not eat

We would not eat

You would not eat

They would not eat

Вопрос

Would he eat?
Would she eat?
Would it eat?

Eat in conditional present progressive

Утверждение

I would be eating

You would be eating

He would be eating
She would be eating
It would be eating

We would be eating

You would be eating

They would be eating

Отрицание

I would not be eating

You would not be eating

He would not be eating
She would not be eating
It would not be eating

We would not be eating

You would not be eating

They would not be eating

Вопрос

Would I be eating?

Would you be eating?

Would he be eating?
Would she be eating?
Would it be eating?

Would we be eating?

Would you be eating?

Would they be eating?

Eat in conditional perfect

Утверждение

I would have eaten

You would have eaten

He would have eaten
She would have eaten
It would have eaten

We would have eaten

You would have eaten

They would have eaten

Отрицание

I would not have eaten

You would not have eaten

He would not have eaten
She would not have eaten
It would not have eaten

We would not have eaten

You would not have eaten

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They would not have eaten

Вопрос

Would I have eaten?

Would you have eaten?

Would he have eaten?
Would she have eaten?
Would it have eaten?

Would we have eaten?

Would you have eaten?

Would they have eaten?

Eat in conditional perfect progressive

Утверждение

I would have been eating

You would have been eating

He would have been eating
She would have been eating
It would have been eating

We would have been eating

You would have been eating

They would have been eating

Отрицание

I would not have been eating

You would not have been eating

He would not have been eating
She would not have been eating
It would not have been eating

We would not have been eating

You would not have been eating

They would not have been eating

Вопрос

Would I have been eating?

Would you have been eating?

Would he have been eating?
Would she have been eating?
Would it have been eating?

Источник

Глагол eat в прошедшем времени и других временных аспектах

В жизни нам приходится говорить о прошедших событиях чаще, чем о настоящих или будущих. Это не удивительно: поскольку прошлого не вернуть, оно оставляет в нашей памяти неизгладимые впечатления, радостные и трагичные, светлые и печальные. Сегодня мы расскажем про глагол eat в прошедшем времени, поскольку в изучении иностранного языка важно уметь применять прошедшие времена, чтобы рассказать о своих достижениях и важнейших происшествиях.

Насколько многим из нас известно, именно прошедшие времена отличаются комплексностью значений и сложностью образования в сравнении с другими языковыми явлениями в английском. Рассмотрим подробнее употребление глагола eat, переводящегося как «есть, кушать, принимать пищу», во всех аспектах прошедшего времени, изучим грамматические особенности и освоим правила.

Когда мы беседуем на русском языке, мы используем ограниченное количество форм прошедшего. В английском языке для обозначения прошедшего времени наличествует шесть категорий, поэтому изучать нам предстоит шесть аспектов – форм — прошедшего времени глагола eat.

Eat в Past Simple – Простом Прошедшем

Самая простая и обобщенная категория для обозначения прошедших событий и действий в прошлом. Мы прибегаем к использованию этого времени, когда хотим рассказать о привычном действии, которое совершалось в прошлом регулярно, либо совершилось давно или недавно, но не имеет связи с настоящим, не связано с другими событиями.

Чтобы рассмотреть на примерах употребление формы прошедшего времени рассматриваемого глагола в английском языке, нам необходимо узнать, как образовать Past Simple.

Правильные глаголы в английском образуют эту форму прошедшего времени с помощью прибавления окончания –ed к основе. Например:

  • To play – играть;
  • I played – я играл.
  • To watch – смотреть;
  • He watched – он смотрел.

Но глагол eat – неправильный, поэтому нам нужно обратиться ко второй колонке таблицы неправильных глаголов, где содержатся 3 формы eat ate eaten. Там увидим вторую форму глагола eat ate.

Таким образом, парадигма спряжения глагола eat в Past Simple будет выглядеть так:

Глагол eat в Past Simple
I ate Я ел, кушал
you ate Ты, вы ели, кушали
he/she/it ate Он/она/оно ело
we ate Мы ели
they ate Они кушали

Рассмотрим значения, передаваемые словом eat в Past Simple.

Например, передадим события, совершавшиеся в прошлом регулярно:

  • He ate brazil nuts every day. — Он каждый день ел бразильские орешки.
  • She ate a lot of sardines twice a week like your mother. — Она ела много сардины дважды в неделю, как и твоя мама.
  • I ate it every day for 13 years. — Я ел это [блюдо] ежедневно в течение тринадцати лет.
  • I ate ice cream every day but I didn’t want to. — Я ел мороженое каждый день, но не хотел этого.

С помощью данного времени с использованием глагола eat можно передать фактическую информацию, как и с помощью eat в Present Simple (только в Present Simple речь идет о фактах в настоящем времени).

  • I ate 5 crabs yeasterday. — Ясъел5 крабоввчера.
  • I dreamed I ate a four-pound marshmallow. — Мне приснилось, что я съел зефиринку весом в четыре фунта.

В художественных текстах слово «eat», как и другие глаголы, чаще всего употребляется в Past Simple именно для обозначения факта в прошлом, недавнем или давнем.

Чтобы построить отрицание или вопрос в любом времени английского, нам понадобится вспомогательный глагол (в данном случае – did). В вопросах мы поставим его в начало предложения, а в отрицательных предложениях – перед сказуемым и добавим частичку not. Заметим, что в обоих случаях глагол вернется в форму eat.

  • What did you eat, Lily? — Что ты ела, Лили?
  • Did he eat these dishes? — Он ел эти блюда?
  • I did not eat a lot of food. — Я не ела слишком много.

Глагол eat в прошедшем времени Past Continuous

Данный временной аспект передаёт события, продолжавшиеся в определённый момент в прошлом. Когда человек использует данную временную конструкцию, для него значимо именно то, что действие продолжалось, было длительным.

Чтобы образовать с глаголом eat в Past Continuous, нам пригодится первая форма причастия: прибавим к основе «eat» окончание –ing. Получим eating. Спряжение глагола будет выглядеть следующим образом:

Рассмотрим на примерах:

  • I was eating the cake with a very strange cream. — Я ел этот торт с очень странным кремом.
  • You were eating it like it was something tasty! — Ты ел это блюдо так, будто бы оно было вкусным!
  • They were eating without emotions. — Они ели молча (без эмоций).

В данных предложениях говорящим важно передать именно длительность действия, показать, что оно не просто случилось, а выглядело, как протяжённый процесс.

Вопросительная форма будет выглядеть следующим образом:

  • Were you eating when I called you? — Ты ел, когда я позвонила тебе?
  • Were they eating when he disappeared? — Ели ли они, когда он исчез?
  • I wasn’t eating when you called me. — Я не ела в тот момент, когда ты позвонил.
  • They weren’t eating when you came. — Они не ели, когда ты пришла.

Eat во временах группы Perfect

Present Perfect

Глагол Eat в Present Perfect Настоящим Совершенным времени, обозначает действие в прошлом, связанное с настоящим (в настоящем может наблюдаться результат, отголоски этого действия). Начнем с парадигмы спряжения и рассмотрим на примерах:

Глагол Eat в Present Perfect
I have eaten Я съел
you have eaten Ты/вы съели
he/she/it has eaten Он/она/оно съело
we have eaten Мы съели
they have eaten Они съели
  • I have eaten all the salad, so there’s no food now. — Я съела весь салат, теперь еды нет.
  • He has eaten everything, you need to go to the store. — Он все съел, поэтому тебе придется пойти в магазин.
  • I haven’t eaten for several days. — За несколько дней я ни разу не ела.
  • We haven’t eaten since lunch. — Мы не ели с обеда.

Past Perfect

Время Past Perfect демонстрирует абсолютную завершенность событий и действий. В отличие от других прошедших времен, данное время обозначает действие, закончившееся перед другим событием или действием в прошлом. Спряжение глагола будет выглядеть следующим образом в данном временном аспекте:

Глагол Eat в Past Perfect
I had eaten К тому времени я уже съел
you had eaten Ты/вы уже съели
he/she/it had eaten Он/она/оно уже съело
we had eaten Мы уже съели
they had eaten Они уже съели

Рассмотрим на конкретных примерах:

  • My pets had eaten all the food by 12 o’clock yesterday. — Мои питомцы съели всю еду к двенадцати часам вчера.
  • I had eaten a bowl of rice before I decided to go. — Я съел чашку риса до того, как решил уйти.
  • Had he eaten this plate before he smiled? — Он съел эту тарелку перед тем, как улыбнулся?
  • He hadn’t eaten a lot before he went away. — Он не ел слишком много перед тем, как уйти.

Eat во временах группы Perfect Continious

Present Perfect Continuous

С помощью данного временного аспекта мы обозначаем процесс, начавшийся и длившийся в прошлом, который продолжается в настоящем или только что закончился. Глагол eat в Present Perfect Continuous означает «есть», «съесть» или «съедать» в следующих контекстах:

Eat в Present Perfect Continuous
I have been eating Я начал есть в прошлом и ем сейчас
you have been eating Ты/вы начали есть, тарелка уже пустая, но до сих пор жуете
he/she/it has been eating Он/она/оно начало есть в прошлом и ест до сих пор
we have been eating Мы все еще едим
they have been eating Они начали есть в прошлом и все еще едят
  • I have been eating this watermelon for five days. — Я ем этот арбуз уже пять дней.
  • I have been eating dried biscuit. — Я только что закончил есть сухари.
  • Has she been eating this salt pork? — Она только что ела соленую свинину?
  • Seems like I haven’t been eating for a month. — У меня такое ощущение, что я месяц не ел.

Глагол eat в прошедшем времени Past Perfect Continuous

Глагол Eat в Past Perfect Continuous
I had been eating К тому времени я еще ел
you had been eating К тому времени вы/ты еще кушали
he/she/it had been eating К тому времени он/она/оно еще ело
we had been eating К тому времени мы еще ели
they had been eating Они еще ели

Данная временная парадигма поможет передать действие, которое близилось к завершению к определенному моменту в прошлом. Например:

  • I had been eating when he asked me to go away. — Я все еще доедала, когда он попросил меня удалиться.
  • She had been eating when I tried to distract her. — Она все еще ела, когда я попытался отвлечь ее.
  • Had you been eating when I called you? — Ты все еще ела, когда я позвонила тебе?
  • Had he been eating when you came? — Он все еще ел, когда ты пришел?
  • I hadn’t been eating when the telephone rang. — Я уже не ел, когда телефон зазвонил.

В данном уроке мы рассмотрели, как переводится и функционирует неправильный глагол eat (есть, кушать, съедать) в различных аспектах прошедшего времени. Успехов в изучении английского языка!

Источник