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Глагол has в будущем времени



Глагол to have (иметь, обладать) в английском языке

Глагол to have — один из основных глаголов английского языка, который может быть как смысловым, так и вспомогательным. Как смысловой глагол have передает свое лексическое значение «иметь, обладать, владеть». Как вспомогательный — входит в состав различных временных форм, при этом теряет свой смысл.

В данном ниже предложении have является смысловым глаголом, то есть передает свое значение «иметь»:

I have two children. — У меня двое детей (Я имею двое детей).

В следующем предложении have является вспомогательным глаголом, так как входит в состав настоящего совершенного времени (Present Perfect) и не передает свое лексическое значение:

I have read the book. — Я прочитал книгу.

Рассмотрим to have как смысловой глагол со значением «иметь, обладать, владеть».

Формы глагола to have в настоящем простом времени (в Present Simple)

В настоящем простом времени to have имеет 2 формы: have / has

have — используется со всеми лицами, кроме 3 л. ед. ч.
has — используется только с лицами 3 л. ед. ч. (he, she, it)

Утвердительные формы

He has a big house in London. — У него в Лондоне большой дом (Он имеет большой дом в Лондоне).
They have a nice flat . — У них хорошая квартира (Они имеют хорошую квартиру).

I have got a new car. — У меня новая машина (Я имею новую машину).
He has got two children. — У него двое детей (Он имеет двое детей).

Отрицательные и вопросительные формы

Отрицательные и вопросительные предложения образуются при помощи вспомогательного глагола do / does (для 3 л. ед.ч. — he, she, it). Чтобы образовать отрицание, нужно поставить частицу not после вспомогательного глагола do / does. В отрицании часто используются краткие формы:

do not have = don’t have
does not have = doesn’t have [dʌznt]

Для образования вопросов do / does выносится в начало предложения, то есть ставится перед подлежащим. Обратите внимание, что в отрицаниях, также, как и в вопросах, не используется has, так как 3 л. ед.ч. передается с помощью does.

Вопросительные и отрицательные предложения с have got

have + not + got = haven’t got (краткая форма)
has + not + got = hasn’t got (краткая форма)

Для образования вопросов have или has выносятся вперед, то есть ставятся перед подлежащим.

I don’t have a car. = I haven’t got a car. — У меня нет машины (Я не имею машины).
She doesn’t have a car. = She hasn’t got a car. — У нее нет машины (Она не имеет машины).
Do you have a car? = Have you got a car? — У тебя есть машина? (Ты имеешь машину?)
Does she have a car? = Has she got a car? — У нее есть машина? (Она имеет машину?)

Следует также отметить, что использование вспомогательных глаголов do / does характерно для американского английского. В британском чаще используют оборот have got / has got, но можно услышать и: Have you a car? I haven’t a car. Это тоже верно, но употребляется крайне редко и звучит несколько старомодно.

В прошедшем и будущем временах to have используется, как обычный смысловой глагол. Напоминаем, что оборот have got / has got (иметь, обладать, владеть) используется только в настоящем времени.

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Спряжение глагола «to have» (Английский язык)

Глагол to have – неправильный глагол в английском языке, в переводе на русский означает: иметь, обладать; содержать; испытывать что-л.,подвергаться чему-л..

Infinitive to have
Simple past had
Past participle had
-s has
-ing having

Have in present simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

You do not have

He does not have
She does not have
It does not have

You do not have

They do not have

Вопрос

Does he have?
Does she have?
Does it have?

Have in present continuous

Утверждение

He is having
She is having
It is having

They are having

Отрицание

I am not having

You are not having

He is not having
She is not having
It is not having

We are not having

You are not having

They are not having

Вопрос

Is he having?
Is she having?
Is it having?

Are they having?

Have in present perfect

Утверждение

He has had
She has had
It has had

Отрицание

You have not had

He has not had
She has not had
It has not had

We have not had

You have not had

They have not had

Вопрос

Has he had?
Has she had?
Has it had?

Have in present perfect continuous

Утверждение

I have been having

You have been having

He has been having
She has been having
It has been having

We have been having

You have been having

They have been having

Отрицание

I have not been having

You have not been having

He has not been having
She has not been having
It has not been having

We have not been having

You have not been having

They have not been having

Вопрос

Have I been having?

Have you been having?

Has he been having?
Has she been having?
Has it been having?

Have we been having?

Have you been having?

Have they been having?

Have in past simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

You did not have

He did not have
She did not have
It did not have

We did not have

You did not have

They did not have

Вопрос

Did he have?
Did she have?
Did it have?

Have in past continuous

Утверждение

You were having

He was having
She was having
It was having

You were having

They were having

Отрицание

I was not having

You were not having

He was not having
She was not having
It was not having

We were not having

You were not having

They were not having

Вопрос

Were you having?

Was he having?
Was she having?
Was it having?

Were you having?

Were they having?

Have in past perfect

Утверждение

He had had
She had had
It had had

Отрицание

You had not had

He had not had
She had not had
It had not had

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You had not had

They had not had

Вопрос

Had he had?
Had she had?
Had it had?

Have in past perfect continuous

Утверждение

I had been having

You had been having

He had been having
She had been having
It had been having

We had been having

You had been having

They had been having

Отрицание

I had not been having

You had not been having

He had not been having
She had not been having
It had not been having

We had not been having

You had not been having

They had not been having

Вопрос

Had I been having?

Had you been having?

Had he been having?
Had she been having?
Had it been having?

Had we been having?

Had you been having?

Had they been having?

Have in future simple

Утверждение

He will have
She will have
It will have

Отрицание

I will not have

You will not have

He will not have
She will not have
It will not have

We will not have

You will not have

They will not have

Вопрос

Will he have?
Will she have?
Will it have?

Have in future continuous

Утверждение

I will be having

You will be having

He will be having
She will be having
It will be having

We will be having

You will be having

They will be having

Отрицание

I will not be having

You will not be having

He will not be having
She will not be having
It will not be having

We will not be having

You will not be having

They will not be having

Вопрос

Will I be having?

Will you be having?

Will he be having?
Will she be having?
Will it be having?

Will we be having?

Will you be having?

Will they be having?

Have in future perfect

Утверждение

I will have had

You will have had

He will have had
She will have had
It will have had

We will have had

You will have had

They will have had

Отрицание

I will not have had

You will not have had

He will not have had
She will not have had
It will not have had

We will not have had

You will not have had

They will not have had

Вопрос

Will I have had?

Will you have had?

Will he have had?
Will she have had?
Will it have had?

Will we have had?

Will you have had?

Will they have had?

Have in future perfect continuous

Утверждение

I will have been having

You will have been having

He will have been having
She will have been having
It will have been having

We will have been having

You will have been having

They will have been having

Отрицание

I will not have been having

You will not have been having

He will not have been having
She will not have been having
It will not have been having

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We will not have been having

You will not have been having

They will not have been having

Вопрос

Will I have been having?

Will you have been having?

Will he have been having?
Will she have been having?
Will it have been having?

Will we have been having?

Will you have been having?

Will they have been having?

Have in conditional present

Утверждение

He would have
She would have
It would have

They would have

Отрицание

I would not have

You would not have

He would not have
She would not have
It would not have

We would not have

You would not have

They would not have

Вопрос

Would he have?
Would she have?
Would it have?

Would they have?

Have in conditional present progressive

Утверждение

I would be having

You would be having

He would be having
She would be having
It would be having

We would be having

You would be having

They would be having

Отрицание

I would not be having

You would not be having

He would not be having
She would not be having
It would not be having

We would not be having

You would not be having

They would not be having

Вопрос

Would I be having?

Would you be having?

Would he be having?
Would she be having?
Would it be having?

Would we be having?

Would you be having?

Would they be having?

Have in conditional perfect

Утверждение

I would have had

You would have had

He would have had
She would have had
It would have had

We would have had

You would have had

They would have had

Отрицание

I would not have had

You would not have had

He would not have had
She would not have had
It would not have had

We would not have had

You would not have had

They would not have had

Вопрос

Would I have had?

Would you have had?

Would he have had?
Would she have had?
Would it have had?

Would we have had?

Would you have had?

Would they have had?

Have in conditional perfect progressive

Утверждение

I would have been having

You would have been having

He would have been having
She would have been having
It would have been having

We would have been having

You would have been having

They would have been having

Отрицание

I would not have been having

You would not have been having

He would not have been having
She would not have been having
It would not have been having

We would not have been having

You would not have been having

They would not have been having

Вопрос

Would I have been having?

Would you have been having?

Would he have been having?
Would she have been having?
Would it have been having?

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