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Глагол put во всех временах



Фразовый глагол put в английском языке: примеры конструкций с переводом

Фразовый глагол put – относится к группе неправильных переходных глаголов. Значения: класть, помещать, приводить, подвергать, направлять, выражать, заставлять что-либо делать, сформулировать, выразить (словами). В сочетании с разными предлогами и наречиями широко используется в разговорной речи. Все 3 формы глагола put полностью совпадают.

Фразовый глагол put — примеры сочетаний с предлогами и наречиями

Даже одно сочетание фразового глагола put с предлогом или наречием может иметь до 20-ти значений. Предложение переводится в зависимости от общего смысла. Так, например, фразовый глагол put down в одном случае переводится как «записывать», в другом — «унижать», в третьем — «усыплять». Для точного понимания нужно рассматривать предложения с примерами. Значения лучше выучить наизусть, а закрепить выученный материал можно при помощи постоянной практики, а также выполняя упражнения.

Полезная информация:

Фразовый глагол put стоит осваивать постепенно. Выбирайте наиболее используемые обороты в речи, текстах. Обращайте внимание на все нюансы. Например, put on предполагает одевание одного элемента одежды, в то время как скажем get dressed – одеться полностью. Первое время самостоятельно сделать перевод предложений очень сложно.

Основную роль в переходных фразовых глаголах играют именно предлоги и наречия. Их значение предопределяет смысл выражения. Так off указывает на отдаление, исключение. Aside – в сторону, значит, и глагол с этим наречием будет означать убрать в сторону, отложить. Together – вместе, значит и действия будут совместные (обдумаем, составим). Но есть глаголы, которые нельзя переводить, опираясь на ассоциации и значение предлогов/наречий. К таким относится: put up with – терпеть, мириться.

Существительное, относительно которого производится действие, может располагаться внутри фразы. Пример: to put my expenditures down – урезать мои расходы. «my expenditures» употребляется между to put и down. Учитывайте, что на английском все переводится буквально. Нужны постоянные тренировки. И тогда вы быстро освоите этот интересный и одновременно сложный язык.

Запоминаем: надеть одежду — put on, снять одежду — take off, put off – откладывать, отталкивать.

Таблица примеров использования фразовых глаголов (to put + предлог/наречие)

Написание Перевод Примеры использования
put on Надевать, включать (приводить в действие механизмы), набирать вес, подшучивать над к.л., ставить (на сцене); прикидываться (больным), увеличить (скорость) Michelle put on pink socks. – Мишель надела розовые носки.

Thomas has put on 7 kg. – Томас набрал 7 кг.

You can put on a new play. – Ты можешь поставить новую пьесу.

Merry, put on the light, please! – Мери, включи пожалуйста свет!

put off Снимать, откладывать, выключать, отталкивать, вызывать отвращение Don’t put off until tomorrow what you can do today. – Не откладывай на завтра то, что можешь сделать сегодня. (until – до, здесь используется на)

They can put off the court date. – Они могут перенести (отложить) дату суда.

Lily, most guys are put off by my look. – Ах Лили, большинство парней отталкивает моя внешность.

This rubbish puts me off. – Эта мусорка вызывает у меня отвращение.

put out Гасить (огонь, пожар, сигарету), публиковать, издавать (в журнале), вывихнуть, причинять неудобство Faster put the fire out! – Быстрее потушите огонь!

I have put out my hand. — Я вывихнула себе руку.

I was really put out by the unexpected arrival of му neighbors. – Я была реально расстроена неожиданным приездом моих соседей. (Мне причинил неудобство неожиданный приезд моих соседей.)

put away Убирать, избавляться, спрятать, оказаться, отложить, поглощать (о еде) I can’t put away this stand. – Я не могу убрать этот стенд.

Paul puts away his pen and went to the garden. – Пол отложил ручку и отправился в сад.

He put away 3 apples and 2 cakes. – Он съел 3 яблока и 2 пирожных.

put through Соединять (по телефону), заканчивать Can you put me through to Mr. Gray? – Вы можете соединить меня с мистером Греем?

Can you put it through by Friday? – Ты сможешь закончить с этим (выполнить это) до пятницы?

put up Строить, финансировать, поднимать, организовывать, устанавливать Philip was putting a tent up in the forest. – Филипп установил палатку в лесу.

They didn`t put up price for their cottage. – Они не поднимали (повышали) цену на их коттедж.

put up with Терпеть, мириться с (чем-либо) How can you put up with his pranks? – Как ты можешь терпеть его выходки?
put down Записывать (номер тел.), унижать, опустить, усыпить (= умертвить), фиксировать, прерывать Bella was very sick and she had to be put down. –Белла была очень больна и ее пришлось усыпить.

Now I see why you had me put down the gun. – Теперь мне понятно, почему ты заставил меня опустить ружье.

The results of the experiments are put down in the journal. – Результаты экспериментов фиксируются (записываются) в журнале.

Mr. Alens puts me down! – Мистер Аленс унижает меня!

We had to put down the work when John came. – Нам пришлось прервать работу, когда пришел Джон.

put back Задерживать, тормозить, возвращать, обходиться We need to put it back. – Нам нужно это вернуть.

We should put this question back to the following month. – Давайте отложим (= задержим) решение этого вопроса до следующего месяца.

It put me back 50$. – Это обошлось мне в 50 долларов.

put around Раскладывать, веселиться, обнять I want to put around you. – Я хочу тебя обнять.

The chainlet is something nice, that you put around your neck. – Цепочка – это такая милая штука, которую наденешь на шею.

put together Составлять (собирать вместе) Ann makes more money that her friends put together. – Анна зарабатывала больше денег, чем все ее друзья вместе взятые.

Put your heads together. – Давайте вместе подумаем.

put aside Откладывать (в сторону) Put your dreams aside and listen to me. – Отложите ваши фантазии в сторону и послушайте меня.

I need to put aside potatoes and carrots for winter. – Мне нужно запастись (отложить) картошкой и морковью на зиму.

put across Провернуть дело ( с успешным завершением) My colleague puts this deal across in record time. – Мой коллега успешно провернул сделку за рекордное время.

Идиомы и устойчивые выражения

Познакомимся и выучим следующие фразы с использованием фразового глагола to put:

  • put something into practice – внедрять на практике;
  • put a bee in someone’s bonnet – подстрекать, подать идею;
  • put two and two together – (буквально: сложить 2 и 2 вместе) собрать всю информацию, разобраться, в чем либо, собрать воедино картину происходящего;
  • put a lid on – наложить вето (на ч.л.), остановить рост (развитие);
  • put a spanner in the works – ставить палки в колеса, намерено мешать к.л. работе или делу;
  • put in a fix – попасть впросак (или в сложную ситуацию);
  • put something into perspective – переосмыслить (рассмотреть ч.л. в перспективе);
  • put something into force – осуществить что-либо, ввести в силу (пр: закон);
  • not put a foot wrong — не сделать ни одного неверного шага;
  • put one‘s foot down – занимать твердую позицию ( в к.л. вопросе);
  • put yourself in my place (или in my shoes) – поставьте себя на мое место;
  • put a stop to something – довести дело до конца, покончить с чем-либо.

Сочетаний еще довольно много, рассмотрим еще несколько без примеров:

  1. Put forward – выдвигать кандидатуру, опережать.
  2. Put in – прилагать много усилий, посадить (растение), инвестировать.
  3. Put over – достичь цели.
  4. Put ahead — переносить (дату), способствовать развитию.

Источник

Спряжение глагола «to put» (Английский язык)

Глагол to put – неправильный глагол в английском языке, в переводе на русский означает: ставить, помещать, класть, сажать.

Infinitive to put
Simple past put
Past participle put
-s puts
-ing putting

Put in present simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

He does not put
She does not put
It does not put

They do not put

Вопрос

Does he put?
Does she put?
Does it put?

Put in present continuous

Утверждение

You are putting

He is putting
She is putting
It is putting

You are putting

They are putting

Отрицание

I am not putting

You are not putting

He is not putting
She is not putting
It is not putting

We are not putting

You are not putting

They are not putting

Вопрос

Are you putting?

Is he putting?
Is she putting?
Is it putting?

Are you putting?

Are they putting?

Put in present perfect

Утверждение

He has put
She has put
It has put

Отрицание

You have not put

He has not put
She has not put
It has not put

We have not put

You have not put

They have not put

Вопрос

Has he put?
Has she put?
Has it put?

Put in present perfect continuous

Утверждение

I have been putting

You have been putting

He has been putting
She has been putting
It has been putting

We have been putting

You have been putting

They have been putting

Отрицание

I have not been putting

You have not been putting

He has not been putting
She has not been putting
It has not been putting

We have not been putting

You have not been putting

They have not been putting

Вопрос

Have I been putting?

Have you been putting?

Has he been putting?
Has she been putting?
Has it been putting?

Have we been putting?

Have you been putting?

Have they been putting?

Put in past simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

You did not put

He did not put
She did not put
It did not put

You did not put

They did not put

Вопрос

Did he put?
Did she put?
Did it put?

Put in past continuous

Утверждение

You were putting

He was putting
She was putting
It was putting

We were putting

You were putting

They were putting

Отрицание

I was not putting

You were not putting

He was not putting
She was not putting
It was not putting

We were not putting

You were not putting

They were not putting

Вопрос

Were you putting?

Was he putting?
Was she putting?
Was it putting?

Were we putting?

Were you putting?

Were they putting?

Put in past perfect

Утверждение

He had put
She had put
It had put

Отрицание

You had not put

He had not put
She had not put
It had not put

You had not put

They had not put

Вопрос

Had he put?
Had she put?
Had it put?

Put in past perfect continuous

Утверждение

I had been putting

You had been putting

He had been putting
She had been putting
It had been putting

We had been putting

You had been putting

They had been putting

Отрицание

I had not been putting

You had not been putting

He had not been putting
She had not been putting
It had not been putting

We had not been putting

You had not been putting

They had not been putting

Вопрос

Had I been putting?

Had you been putting?

Had he been putting?
Had she been putting?
Had it been putting?

Had we been putting?

Had you been putting?

Had they been putting?

Put in future simple

Утверждение

He will put
She will put
It will put

Отрицание

You will not put

He will not put
She will not put
It will not put

We will not put

You will not put

They will not put

Вопрос

Will he put?
Will she put?
Will it put?

Put in future continuous

Утверждение

I will be putting

You will be putting

He will be putting
She will be putting
It will be putting

We will be putting

You will be putting

They will be putting

Отрицание

I will not be putting

You will not be putting

He will not be putting
She will not be putting
It will not be putting

We will not be putting

You will not be putting

They will not be putting

Вопрос

Will I be putting?

Will you be putting?

Will he be putting?
Will she be putting?
Will it be putting?

Will we be putting?

Will you be putting?

Will they be putting?

Put in future perfect

Утверждение

I will have put

You will have put

He will have put
She will have put
It will have put

We will have put

You will have put

They will have put

Отрицание

I will not have put

You will not have put

He will not have put
She will not have put
It will not have put

We will not have put

You will not have put

They will not have put

Вопрос

Will I have put?

Will you have put?

Will he have put?
Will she have put?
Will it have put?

Will we have put?

Will you have put?

Will they have put?

Put in future perfect continuous

Утверждение

I will have been putting

You will have been putting

He will have been putting
She will have been putting
It will have been putting

We will have been putting

You will have been putting

They will have been putting

Отрицание

I will not have been putting

You will not have been putting

He will not have been putting
She will not have been putting
It will not have been putting

We will not have been putting

You will not have been putting

They will not have been putting

Вопрос

Will I have been putting?

Will you have been putting?

Will he have been putting?
Will she have been putting?
Will it have been putting?

Will we have been putting?

Will you have been putting?

Will they have been putting?

Put in conditional present

Утверждение

He would put
She would put
It would put

Отрицание

I would not put

You would not put

He would not put
She would not put
It would not put

We would not put

You would not put

They would not put

Вопрос

Would he put?
Would she put?
Would it put?

Put in conditional present progressive

Утверждение

I would be putting

You would be putting

He would be putting
She would be putting
It would be putting

We would be putting

You would be putting

They would be putting

Отрицание

I would not be putting

You would not be putting

He would not be putting
She would not be putting
It would not be putting

We would not be putting

You would not be putting

They would not be putting

Вопрос

Would I be putting?

Would you be putting?

Would he be putting?
Would she be putting?
Would it be putting?

Would we be putting?

Would you be putting?

Would they be putting?

Put in conditional perfect

Утверждение

I would have put

You would have put

He would have put
She would have put
It would have put

We would have put

You would have put

They would have put

Отрицание

I would not have put

You would not have put

He would not have put
She would not have put
It would not have put

We would not have put

You would not have put

They would not have put

Вопрос

Would I have put?

Would you have put?

Would he have put?
Would she have put?
Would it have put?

Would we have put?

Would you have put?

Would they have put?

Put in conditional perfect progressive

Утверждение

I would have been putting

You would have been putting

He would have been putting
She would have been putting
It would have been putting

We would have been putting

You would have been putting

They would have been putting

Отрицание

I would not have been putting

You would not have been putting

He would not have been putting
She would not have been putting
It would not have been putting

We would not have been putting

You would not have been putting

They would not have been putting

Вопрос

Would I have been putting?

Would you have been putting?

Would he have been putting?
Would she have been putting?
Would it have been putting?

Источник

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