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Глагол reads правильный или нет



Глагол READ и его роль в английском языке

Разнообразные виды чтения (вывески, художественные произведения, состав бытовых продуктов) занимают огромную часть нашей жизни, хотя мы этого и не замечаем. Мы читаем книги, газеты, мы читаем переписку в социальных сетях и информацию в интернете, мы читаем справки, документы, накладные и т.д. Поэтому глагол «читать» или «read» играет важную роль в любом языке. Он весьма часто встречается и употребляется в английской речи. В чем его отличительная особенность?

Употребление глагола read, его место и роль в английском языке

Итак, изучающих английский язык, прежде всего интересует, данный глагол правильный или нет? Безусловно, что read – это неправильный глагол, так как он входит в список неправильных глаголов и имеет свои грамматические формы:

To read [ri:d]– read [rǝd]– read [rǝd] – read­ing

Заметьте, что в первых трех формах написание данного глагола одинаковое, однако, произношение отличается, поэтому нельзя сказать, что он правильный.

Данный глагол не самый сложный из всех неправильных глаголов. Во всяком случае, что касается написания, то вы никогда не перепутаете формы, употребляя его в различных временах. К тому же, слово достаточно короткое – всего четыре буквы, а в произношении и того короче – три звука. Посмотрим, как этот глагол ведет себя в настоящем, прошедшем, будущем времени.

Как легко употреблять read во временах?

Итак, Present Sim­ple. Тут все просто, никаких изменений, только в третьем лице единственного числа добавляем окончание «–s»:

  • I, You , We, They read
  • He, She, It reads

Отрицательная форма: I don’t read; he doesn’t…
Вопросительная форма: Do I read? Does he …?

  • Tom reads very quick­ly, I don’t like his man­ner of read­ing. – Том читает очень быстро, мне не нравится его манера чтения.

Present Con­tin­u­ous или Pro­gres­sive указывает на действие, которое происходит в настоящем времени, в данный момент. Схема образования этого времени глагола проста: to be в present sim­ple + глагол + окончание «-ing»:

  • I am read­ing
  • You are …
  • He is …
  • She is …
  • It is …
  • We are …
  • They are …

Отрицательная форма: I am not read­ing; He is not …
Вопросительная форма: Am I read­ing? Is he …?

  • Where is Alex? He is read­ing some doc­u­ments now. – Где Алекс? Он читает документы сейчас.
  • Andy is read­ing at the moment, don’t both­er him. – Энди читает сейчас, не трогай его.

Present Per­fect хоть и переводится, как настоящее совершенное время, но указывает на действие, которое только что свершилось. Схема образования Present Per­fect такова: have (has) + третья форма глагола:

  • I, You, We, They have read
  • He, She, It has read

Отрицательная форма: I haven’t read; He hasn’t …
Вопросительная форма: Have I read? Has he …?

  • I have just read all the arti­cles in that news­pa­per. – Я только что прочитал все статьи в той газете.

С настоящими временами разобрались, перейдем к прошедшим временам глагола.

Спряжение глагола во всех временах английского языка

Глагол «read» в прошедшем времени

Начнем с Past Sim­ple и сразу убеждаемся, что здесь вообще все просто, никаких окончаний, никаких изменений форм по лицам и числам, просто берем и применяем вторую форму:

  • I, You, He, She, It, We, They read

Отрицательная форма: I didn’t read; He didn’t …
Вопросительная форма: Did I read? Did he …?

  • Did you read Wal­ter Scott ‘Quentin Dor­ward”? Yes, I read that book, it’s very inter­est­ing. – Ты читал Вальтера Скотта «Квентин Дорвард»? Да, я читал эту книгу, она очень интересная.

Теперь перейдем к Past Con­tin­u­ous, которое указывает на прошедшее время несовершенного вида глаголов. Его схема образования: to be в Past Sim­ple + глагол + окончание «-ing»:

  • I, He, She, It was read­ing
  • You, We, They were read­ing
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Отрицательная форма: I wasn’t read­ing; We weren’t …
Вопросительная форма: Was I read­ing? Were we .

  • We were read­ing the new news­pa­pers yes­ter­day evening. – Мы читали новые газеты вчера вечером.

В вот Past Per­fect или давно прошедшее время образуется следующим образом: had + третья форма глагола:

  • I, You, He, She, We, They had read

Отрицательная форма: I hadn’t read; He hadn’t …
Вопросительная форма: Had I read? Had he …?

  • Ann said that she had read аll the books of Mark Twain. – Анна сказала, что она прочла все книги Марка Твена.

«Читаем» по-английски в будущем времени

Переходим к будущему времени. Будущее время в английском языке образуется по схеме will + глагол:

  • I, You, He, She, It, We, They will read

Отрицательная форма: I won’t read; He won’t …
Вопросительная форма: Will I read? Will he …?

  • Please, put these books on the shelf, I will read them tomor­row. – Пожалуйста, положи эти книги на полку, я прочту их завтра.
  • Kate will read all the books you’ll give her. – Кейт прочитает все книги, которые ты ей дашь.

Итак, мы с вами проследили, как ведет себя неправильный глагол read в различных временах, узнали, что его главная особенность заключается в одинаковом написании во всех формах, но в произношении в каждой из трех форм.

Желаем удачи в спряжении и в употреблении этого интересного глагола в английской речи!

Источник

Спряжение глагола «to read» (Английский язык)

Глагол to read – неправильный глагол в английском языке, в переводе на русский означает: читать; прочесть; считывать.

Infinitive to read
Simple past read
Past participle read
-s reads
-ing reading

Read in present simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

You do not read

He does not read
She does not read
It does not read

You do not read

They do not read

Вопрос

Does he read?
Does she read?
Does it read?

Read in present continuous

Утверждение

You are reading

He is reading
She is reading
It is reading

You are reading

They are reading

Отрицание

I am not reading

You are not reading

He is not reading
She is not reading
It is not reading

We are not reading

You are not reading

They are not reading

Вопрос

Are you reading?

Is he reading?
Is she reading?
Is it reading?

Are you reading?

Are they reading?

Read in present perfect

Утверждение

He has read
She has read
It has read

Отрицание

I have not read

You have not read

He has not read
She has not read
It has not read

We have not read

You have not read

They have not read

Вопрос

Has he read?
Has she read?
Has it read?

Read in present perfect continuous

Утверждение

I have been reading

You have been reading

He has been reading
She has been reading
It has been reading

We have been reading

You have been reading

They have been reading

Отрицание

I have not been reading

You have not been reading

He has not been reading
She has not been reading
It has not been reading

We have not been reading

You have not been reading

They have not been reading

Вопрос

Have I been reading?

Have you been reading?

Has he been reading?
Has she been reading?
Has it been reading?

Have we been reading?

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Have you been reading?

Have they been reading?

Read in past simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

You did not read

He did not read
She did not read
It did not read

We did not read

You did not read

They did not read

Вопрос

Did he read?
Did she read?
Did it read?

Read in past continuous

Утверждение

You were reading

He was reading
She was reading
It was reading

We were reading

You were reading

They were reading

Отрицание

I was not reading

You were not reading

He was not reading
She was not reading
It was not reading

We were not reading

You were not reading

They were not reading

Вопрос

Were you reading?

Was he reading?
Was she reading?
Was it reading?

Were we reading?

Were you reading?

Were they reading?

Read in past perfect

Утверждение

He had read
She had read
It had read

Отрицание

You had not read

He had not read
She had not read
It had not read

We had not read

You had not read

They had not read

Вопрос

Had he read?
Had she read?
Had it read?

Read in past perfect continuous

Утверждение

I had been reading

You had been reading

He had been reading
She had been reading
It had been reading

We had been reading

You had been reading

They had been reading

Отрицание

I had not been reading

You had not been reading

He had not been reading
She had not been reading
It had not been reading

We had not been reading

You had not been reading

They had not been reading

Вопрос

Had I been reading?

Had you been reading?

Had he been reading?
Had she been reading?
Had it been reading?

Had we been reading?

Had you been reading?

Had they been reading?

Read in future simple

Утверждение

He will read
She will read
It will read

Отрицание

I will not read

You will not read

He will not read
She will not read
It will not read

We will not read

You will not read

They will not read

Вопрос

Will he read?
Will she read?
Will it read?

Read in future continuous

Утверждение

I will be reading

You will be reading

He will be reading
She will be reading
It will be reading

We will be reading

You will be reading

They will be reading

Отрицание

I will not be reading

You will not be reading

He will not be reading
She will not be reading
It will not be reading

We will not be reading

You will not be reading

They will not be reading

Вопрос

Will I be reading?

Will you be reading?

Will he be reading?
Will she be reading?
Will it be reading?

Will we be reading?

Will you be reading?

Will they be reading?

Read in future perfect

Утверждение

I will have read

You will have read

He will have read
She will have read
It will have read

We will have read

You will have read

They will have read

Отрицание

I will not have read

You will not have read

He will not have read
She will not have read
It will not have read

We will not have read

You will not have read

They will not have read

Вопрос

Will I have read?

Will you have read?

Will he have read?
Will she have read?
Will it have read?

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Will we have read?

Will you have read?

Will they have read?

Read in future perfect continuous

Утверждение

I will have been reading

You will have been reading

He will have been reading
She will have been reading
It will have been reading

We will have been reading

You will have been reading

They will have been reading

Отрицание

I will not have been reading

You will not have been reading

He will not have been reading
She will not have been reading
It will not have been reading

We will not have been reading

You will not have been reading

They will not have been reading

Вопрос

Will I have been reading?

Will you have been reading?

Will he have been reading?
Will she have been reading?
Will it have been reading?

Will we have been reading?

Will you have been reading?

Will they have been reading?

Read in conditional present

Утверждение

He would read
She would read
It would read

They would read

Отрицание

I would not read

You would not read

He would not read
She would not read
It would not read

We would not read

You would not read

They would not read

Вопрос

Would he read?
Would she read?
Would it read?

Would they read?

Read in conditional present progressive

Утверждение

I would be reading

You would be reading

He would be reading
She would be reading
It would be reading

We would be reading

You would be reading

They would be reading

Отрицание

I would not be reading

You would not be reading

He would not be reading
She would not be reading
It would not be reading

We would not be reading

You would not be reading

They would not be reading

Вопрос

Would I be reading?

Would you be reading?

Would he be reading?
Would she be reading?
Would it be reading?

Would we be reading?

Would you be reading?

Would they be reading?

Read in conditional perfect

Утверждение

I would have read

You would have read

He would have read
She would have read
It would have read

We would have read

You would have read

They would have read

Отрицание

I would not have read

You would not have read

He would not have read
She would not have read
It would not have read

We would not have read

You would not have read

They would not have read

Вопрос

Would I have read?

Would you have read?

Would he have read?
Would she have read?
Would it have read?

Would we have read?

Would you have read?

Would they have read?

Read in conditional perfect progressive

Утверждение

I would have been reading

You would have been reading

He would have been reading
She would have been reading
It would have been reading

We would have been reading

You would have been reading

They would have been reading

Отрицание

I would not have been reading

You would not have been reading

He would not have been reading
She would not have been reading
It would not have been reading

We would not have been reading

You would not have been reading

They would not have been reading

Вопрос

Would I have been reading?

Would you have been reading?

Would he have been reading?
Would she have been reading?
Would it have been reading?

Источник