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Глагол saw в настоящем времени



Глагол saw в настоящем времени

ПЕЧАЛЬКО. В словарях Яндекса перевод отсутствует или при вводе была совершена ошибка

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Present

I saw
you saw
he saws
we saw
you saw
they saw

Present continuous

Past simple

I have sawed, sawn
you have sawed, sawn
he has sawed, sawn
we have sawed, sawn
you have sawed, sawn
they have sawed, sawn

Past continuous

I have been sawing
you have been sawing
he has been sawing
we have been sawing
you have been sawing
they have been sawing

Present perfect

I will saw
you will saw
he will saw
we will saw
you will saw
they will saw

Present perfect continuous

I will be sawing
you will be sawing
he will be sawing
we will be sawing
you will be sawing
they will be sawing

Past perfect

I will have sawed, sawn
you will have sawed, sawn
he will have sawed, sawn
we will have sawed, sawn
you will have sawed, sawn
they will have sawed, sawn

Past perfect continuous

I will have been sawing
you will have been sawing
he will have been sawing
we will have been sawing
you will have been sawing
they will have been sawing

Future

Future continuous

I had sawed, sawn
you had sawed, sawn
he had sawed, sawn
we had sawed, sawn
you had sawed, sawn
they had sawed, sawn

Future perfect

I had been sawing
you had been sawing
he had been sawing
we had been sawing
you had been sawing
they had been sawing

Future perfect continuous

Present

I would saw
you would saw
he would saw
we would saw
you would saw
they would saw

Present continuous

I would be sawing
you would be sawing
he would be sawing
we would be sawing
you would be sawing
they would be sawing

I would have sawed, sawn
you would have sawed, sawn
he would have sawed, sawn
we would have sawed, sawn
you would have sawed, sawn
they would have sawed, sawn

Past continuous

I would have been sawing
you would have been sawing
he would have been sawing
we would have been sawing
you would have been sawing
they would have been sawing

Источник

Спряжение глагола «to see» (Английский язык)

Глагол to see – неправильный глагол в английском языке, в переводе на русский означает: увидеть, смотреть, посмотреть, видеть, наблюдать, рассматривать.

Infinitive to see
Simple past saw
Past participle seen
-s sees
-ing seeing

See in present simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

He does not see
She does not see
It does not see

They do not see

Вопрос

Does he see?
Does she see?
Does it see?

See in present continuous

Утверждение

He is seeing
She is seeing
It is seeing

They are seeing

Отрицание

I am not seeing

You are not seeing

He is not seeing
She is not seeing
It is not seeing

We are not seeing

You are not seeing

They are not seeing

Вопрос

Is he seeing?
Is she seeing?
Is it seeing?

Are they seeing?

See in present perfect

Утверждение

He has seen
She has seen
It has seen

Отрицание

I have not seen

You have not seen

He has not seen
She has not seen
It has not seen

We have not seen

You have not seen

They have not seen

Вопрос

Has he seen?
Has she seen?
Has it seen?

See in present perfect continuous

Утверждение

I have been seeing

You have been seeing

He has been seeing
She has been seeing
It has been seeing

We have been seeing

You have been seeing

They have been seeing

Отрицание

I have not been seeing

You have not been seeing

He has not been seeing
She has not been seeing
It has not been seeing

We have not been seeing

You have not been seeing

They have not been seeing

Вопрос

Have I been seeing?

Have you been seeing?

Has he been seeing?
Has she been seeing?
Has it been seeing?

Have we been seeing?

Have you been seeing?

Have they been seeing?

See in past simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

You did not see

He did not see
She did not see
It did not see

You did not see

They did not see

Вопрос

Did he see?
Did she see?
Did it see?

See in past continuous

Утверждение

You were seeing

He was seeing
She was seeing
It was seeing

You were seeing

They were seeing

Отрицание

I was not seeing

You were not seeing

He was not seeing
She was not seeing
It was not seeing

We were not seeing

You were not seeing

They were not seeing

Вопрос

Were you seeing?

Was he seeing?
Was she seeing?
Was it seeing?

Were you seeing?

Were they seeing?

See in past perfect

Утверждение

He had seen
She had seen
It had seen

Отрицание

You had not seen

He had not seen
She had not seen
It had not seen

We had not seen

You had not seen

They had not seen

Вопрос

Had he seen?
Had she seen?
Had it seen?

See in past perfect continuous

Утверждение

I had been seeing

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You had been seeing

He had been seeing
She had been seeing
It had been seeing

We had been seeing

You had been seeing

They had been seeing

Отрицание

I had not been seeing

You had not been seeing

He had not been seeing
She had not been seeing
It had not been seeing

We had not been seeing

You had not been seeing

They had not been seeing

Вопрос

Had I been seeing?

Had you been seeing?

Had he been seeing?
Had she been seeing?
Had it been seeing?

Had we been seeing?

Had you been seeing?

Had they been seeing?

See in future simple

Утверждение

He will see
She will see
It will see

Отрицание

You will not see

He will not see
She will not see
It will not see

We will not see

You will not see

They will not see

Вопрос

Will he see?
Will she see?
Will it see?

See in future continuous

Утверждение

I will be seeing

You will be seeing

He will be seeing
She will be seeing
It will be seeing

We will be seeing

You will be seeing

They will be seeing

Отрицание

I will not be seeing

You will not be seeing

He will not be seeing
She will not be seeing
It will not be seeing

We will not be seeing

You will not be seeing

They will not be seeing

Вопрос

Will I be seeing?

Will you be seeing?

Will he be seeing?
Will she be seeing?
Will it be seeing?

Will we be seeing?

Will you be seeing?

Will they be seeing?

See in future perfect

Утверждение

I will have seen

You will have seen

He will have seen
She will have seen
It will have seen

We will have seen

You will have seen

They will have seen

Отрицание

I will not have seen

You will not have seen

He will not have seen
She will not have seen
It will not have seen

We will not have seen

You will not have seen

They will not have seen

Вопрос

Will I have seen?

Will you have seen?

Will he have seen?
Will she have seen?
Will it have seen?

Will we have seen?

Will you have seen?

Will they have seen?

See in future perfect continuous

Утверждение

I will have been seeing

You will have been seeing

He will have been seeing
She will have been seeing
It will have been seeing

We will have been seeing

You will have been seeing

They will have been seeing

Отрицание

I will not have been seeing

You will not have been seeing

He will not have been seeing
She will not have been seeing
It will not have been seeing

We will not have been seeing

You will not have been seeing

They will not have been seeing

Вопрос

Will I have been seeing?

Will you have been seeing?

Will he have been seeing?
Will she have been seeing?
Will it have been seeing?

Will we have been seeing?

Will you have been seeing?

Will they have been seeing?

See in conditional present

Утверждение

He would see
She would see
It would see

Отрицание

I would not see

You would not see

He would not see
She would not see
It would not see

We would not see

You would not see

They would not see

Вопрос

Would he see?
Would she see?
Would it see?

See in conditional present progressive

Утверждение

I would be seeing

You would be seeing

He would be seeing
She would be seeing
It would be seeing

We would be seeing

You would be seeing

They would be seeing

Отрицание

I would not be seeing

You would not be seeing

He would not be seeing
She would not be seeing
It would not be seeing

We would not be seeing

You would not be seeing

They would not be seeing

Вопрос

Would I be seeing?

Would you be seeing?

Would he be seeing?
Would she be seeing?
Would it be seeing?

Would we be seeing?

Would you be seeing?

Would they be seeing?

See in conditional perfect

Утверждение

I would have seen

You would have seen

He would have seen
She would have seen
It would have seen

We would have seen

You would have seen

They would have seen

Отрицание

I would not have seen

You would not have seen

He would not have seen
She would not have seen
It would not have seen

We would not have seen

You would not have seen

They would not have seen

Вопрос

Would I have seen?

Would you have seen?

Would he have seen?
Would she have seen?
Would it have seen?

Would we have seen?

Would you have seen?

Would they have seen?

See in conditional perfect progressive

Утверждение

I would have been seeing

You would have been seeing

He would have been seeing
She would have been seeing
It would have been seeing

We would have been seeing

You would have been seeing

They would have been seeing

Отрицание

I would not have been seeing

You would not have been seeing

He would not have been seeing
She would not have been seeing
It would not have been seeing

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We would not have been seeing

You would not have been seeing

They would not have been seeing

Вопрос

Would I have been seeing?

Would you have been seeing?

Would he have been seeing?
Would she have been seeing?
Would it have been seeing?

Источник

Глагол to see

Одним из первых глаголов, с которым сталкивается любой изучающий английский язык человек, является глагол to see. Это глагол восприятия, основным значением которого является «видеть». Как известно, большую часть информации об окружающем мире нам дает зрение, поэтому сфера употребления глагола to see действительно очень широка. Однако на базе основного значения существуют еще несколько дополнительных, что подробнее представлено в таблице, данной ниже.

Значения

видеть

You can see a majestic bouquet of lilies in this picture.

Вы можете видеть на этой картине великолепный букет лилий.

понимать


I’m afraid I can’t go there with you, I’m very busy.

— Боюсь, я не смогу пойти туда с тобой, я очень занят.

справляться (в справочнике), смотреть

My friend saw this meaning of that verb in the dictionary.

Мой друг справился об этом значении того глагола в словаре.

представлять себе

I often see you and our happy family in my dreams.

Я часто представляю себе тебя и нашу счастливую семью в своих мечтах.

находить, обнаружить

When I started to check up my essay I saw a lot of mistakes. I don’t understand how I could make them!

Когда я начал проверять свое эссе, я обнаружил много ошибок. Не понимаю, как я только мог их сделать!

видеться, встречаться

I see Jane next Friday. We have something to discuss.

Я встречаюсь с Джейн в следующую пятницу. Нам нужно кое-что обсудить.

осматривать (достопримечательности)

During our excursion we saw a lot of ancient monuments and buildings.

Во время нашей экскурсии мы видели много древних памятников и зданий.

обращаться (за консультацией)

I think you should see a doctor. Your cough may be very dangerous.

Я думаю, тебе следует обратиться к врачу. Твой кашель может быть очень опасным.

Грамматические особенности

Глагол to see относится к числу неправильных глаголов, а его основные формы, подлежащие запоминанию, представлены в таблице:

the Infinitive (инфинитив, начальная форма)

the Past Simple Tense (прошедшее простое время)

the Past Participle (причастие прошедшего времени)

to see

saw

seen

It’s really hard to see your beloved person marry someone else. / Это действительно тяжело видеть, как любимый тобой человек выходит замуж за кого-то другого.

We saw that girl at your birthday party and at the railway station last week. / Мы видели эту девушку на твоей вечеринке по поводу дня рождения и на железнодорожном вокзале .

Have you ever seen anyone diving into the sea off a high cliff? / Ты когда-нибудь видел, как кто-нибудь ныряет в море с высокой скалы?

Важной грамматической особенностью этого глагола является его ограниченное употребление во временах групп Continuous (Progressive) и Perfect Continuous (Progressive). Почти во всех своих значениях глагол to see не употребляется во временах данных групп, как и другие глаголы, обозначающие процессы восприятия (hear — слышать, smell – чувствовать запах,taste – чувствовать вкус). Вместо форм Continuous (Progressive) и Perfect Continuous (Progressive), когда необходимо их употребление, данный глагол получает соответствующую форму Simple (Indefinite) или Perfect. Однако это вовсе не говорит о том, что грамматических форм Continuous (Progressive) и Perfect Continuous (Progressive) для глагола to see не существует совсем. В действительности, он может употребляться во временах данных групп в значениях «встречаться», «обращаться за консультацией». Однако даже в этих значениях практически невозможно встретить контекст, где бы данный глагол употреблялся во временах группы Perfect Continuous (Progressive). Таблица времен активного залога для этого глагола выглядит следующим образом:

Simple

Continuous

Perfect

Perfect Continuous

Present

the Present Simple Tense

see / sees

I see Mary every day at the bus stop./ Я каждый день вижу Мери на автобусной остановке.

am / is / are seeing

I am seeing my dentist tomorrow at 2 p.m. / Я иду к моему стоматологу завтра в 2 часа дня.

the Present Perfect Tense

have / has seen

Tom has never seen the sunset by the seashore. / Том никогда не видел закат на морском берегу.

the Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Past

saw

We saw Ann crossing the road half an hour ago. / Мы видели, как Энн переходила дорогу полчаса назад.

was / were seeing

When she invited me I had already had some other plans. I was seeing Jill in the evening. / Когда она пригласила меня, у меня уже были кое-какие планы. Я встречался вечером с Джил.

the Past Perfect Tense

had seen

By the time he began to make up a story she had already seen the truth in his eyes. / К тому времени, как он начал выдумывать историю, она уже увидела правду в его глазах.

the Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Future

the Future Simple Tense

will see

I hope I will see you at my birthday party on Saturday. / Надеюсь, я увижу вас на моей вечеринке по поводу дня рождения в субботу.

will be seeing

I realize that at 7 o’clock I will be seeing an old partner of the company, so I have to decline my friends’ invitation. / Я понимаю, что в 7 часов я буду встречаться со старым партнером компании, поэтому я вынужден отклонить приглашение моих друзей.

the Future Perfect Tense

will have seen

By the time he begins to look for this document we will already have seen all needed information and will have put this paper back on his desk. / К тому времени, как он начнет искать этот документ, мы уже увидим всю необходимую информацию и положим эту бумагу обратно на его письменный стол.

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the Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Глагол to see — переходный
, то есть требует после себя прямого дополнения :

Jack saw his wife in the shopping mall.

Джек увидел свою жену в торговом центре.

А это, в свою очередь, свидетельствует о его возможности употребляться в предложениях с Passive Voice – страдательным залогом. Поскольку употребление глагола to see во временах группы Continuous (Progressive) — явление исключительное и ограниченное узким контекстом, то в Passive Voice данная группа времен для него и вовсе выпадает. Поэтому его временные формы в страдательном залоге выглядят следующим образом:

Simple

Continuous

Perfect

Perfect Continuous

Present

A big area of swamped land is seen in this map. / Большая площадь заболоченных земель видна на этой карте.

The consequences of that disaster have been seen by everybody. / Последствия той катастрофы видели все.

Past

That person was seen by my father near our house yesterday. / Того человека видел мой отец рядом с нашим домом вчера.

The picture had been seen by the customer by the time the artist decided to change it dramatically. / Картину уже видел заказчик к тому времени, как художник решил кардинально ее изменить.

Future

The results of the doctor’s efforts will be seen only in a few days. / Результаты усилий доктора будут видны только через несколько дней.

The results of the test will have been seen by your parents tomorrow morning so you won’t be able to tell them your lies. / Результаты теста будут увидены твоими родителями завтра утром, поэтому ты не сможешь солгать им.

Особенности употребления глагола to see с конструкцией Complex Object

В предложениях со сложным дополнением глагол to see может употребляться и с инфинитивом, и с герундием другого глагола. Причем употребление инфинитива осуществляется без частицы to:

I saw Paul get into his car and drive away.

Я видел, как Пол сел в свою машину и уехал.

Разница в употреблении с инфинитивом и герундием заключается в следующем:

1) инфинитив применяется, если кто-то видит, как некто другой совершил действие, то есть видел и его завершение, действие окончено;

2) в случаях с употреблением герундия кто-то видит процесс совершения кем-либо некоего продолжительного действия, причем это действие не заканчивается у него на глазах.

Рассмотрим это на конкретных примерах:

I saw Jason fall off the ladder.

Я видел, как Джейсон упал с лестницы. (действие завершилось у меня на глазах)

I saw Matthew walking along the street.

Я видел, как Мэтью шел по улице. (я видел лишь часть действия, но не его завершение)

Фразовые глаголы с основой to see

to see about

позаботиться о чем-либо

Peter will see about your arrival.

Питер позаботиться о вашем прибытии.

to see off

провожать (уезжающего)

I don’t like to see people off at the railway station or the airport.

Я не люблю провожать людей на железнодорожном вокзале или в аэропорту.

to see out

довести до благополучного завершения, закончить

Don’t you want to see your project out?

Ты не хочешь довести свой проект до конца?

to see through

не попасться на уловку, видеть насквозь

Don’t make such great efforts! I see through all your tricks.

Не прилагай таких больших усилий! Я вижу насквозь все твои уловки.

to see to

наблюдать, присматривать за кем-либо

Don’t worry! I’ll see to your things.

Не беспокойся! Я присмотрю за твоими вещами.

Устойчивые выражения с глаголом to see

to see an eyeful of smth.

увидеть много интересного

During the performance we saw an eyeful of fascinating tricks.

Во время представления мы увидели много захватывающих трюков.

to see which way the cat jumps

смотреть, откуда ветер подует (букв. «смотреть, в какую сторону кошка прыгнет»)

They are doing nothing because they want to see which way the cat jumps.

Они бездействуют, потому что смотрят, откуда ветер подует.

to see how the gander hops

ждать дальнейшего развития событий (букв. «смотреть, как гусак подпрыгнет»)

You’d better see how the gander hops.

Тебе следовало бы подождать дальнейшего развития событий.

to see the colour of smb.’s money

получить деньги от кого-либо

He behaves himself as if he had never seen the colour of my money.

Он ведет себя так, будто он никогда не получал от меня денег.

lookers-on see most of the game

со стороны виднее

You can rely on my opinion as lookers-on see most of the game.

Ты можешь положиться на мое мнение, так как со стороны виднее.

to see the handwriting on the wall

предсказать приближающееся несчастье (букв. «увидеть надпись на стене»)

I wonder how she manages avoiding unpleasant situations with her kind of work. She seems to see the handwriting on the wall.

Интересно, как ей удается избегать неприятных ситуаций с ее-то работой. Кажется, она умеет предсказывать будущее.

to see how the land lies

смотреть, как обстоят дела (букв. «смотреть, как лежит земля»)

Next week we’ll have a big checkup. Our top manager wants to see how the land lies.

На следующей неделе у нас большая проверка. Наш главный управляющий хочет посмотреть, как обстоят дела.

to see better days

видеть лучшие дни

His yacht was rather old and had surely seen better days.

Его яхта была довольно старой и явно видела лучшие дни.

Let me see.

Дайте мне подумать.

The situation is not so easy. Let me see!

Ситуация не так проста. Дайте мне подумать!

Источник