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Глагол sing в разных формах



Глагол sein. Das Verb sein

При изучении немецкого языка всегда возникают сложности с использованием глагола sein – быть. Всё дело в том, что в русском языке в настоящем времени этот глагол просто опускается и не используется в предложении. В немецком предложении этот глагол просто обязан быть, если вы:

Рассказываете о себе, кого-то представляете

Wer ist das? – Das ist Frau Bergen.
Wer ist dein Freund? – Mein Freund ist Alex.
Was ist das? – Das ist mein Handy.
Wie ist dein Name? – Mein Name ist Inge.
Seid ihr Ausländer? – Ja, wir kommen aus China.
Sind Sie Herr Lindt? – Ja, ich bin Markus Lindt.

Говорите о профессии или виде деятельности

Was bist du von Beruf ? – Ich bin Manager.
Was macht dein Mann beruflich ? – Er ist Ingenieur .
Bist du auch Maler wie dein Bruder? – Nein, ich bin Verkäufer in einem Kleidungsgeschäft.
Was machen deine Eltern? – Sie sind Lehrer .
Was ist Ihre Frau? – Meine Frau ist Köchin .
Ist das der Hausmeister ? – Nein, das ist der Gärtner .

Описываете кого-то или что-то прилагательными (какой? какая? какое?)

Ist dein Bruder jünger als du? – Ja, er ist der jüngste in der Familie.
Nach der Arbeit bin ich immer müde .
Sandra ist klug .
Die Blumen sind sehr schön!
Er ist grün vor Neid.
Else ist sehr freundlich .

Используете личное местоимение в Dativ: sein + es + Dativ

Ich mache das Fenster auf. Mir ist zu schwül. (Es ist mir schwül.)
Uns ist es heiß, wir möchten Wasser trinken.
Meinem Freund ist es schlecht, rufe bitte den Arzt an.
Ist es dir kalt?
Mir ist es jetzt peinlich.
Er versteht das nicht, es ist ihm zu hoch.

Используете 2 существительных (кто? что?): sein + Nomen (2 X Nominativ)

Du bist ein guter Freund .
Er ist ein kreativer Künstler .
Sie sind fleißige Arbeiter .
Du bist heute das Geburtstagskind!
Der Chef ist das Haupt der Firma .
Mein Bruder ist ein toller Sportler .

Говорите о материале, из которого сделан предмет

Diese Uhr ist aus Plastik .
Sie wohnen in einem Haus, es ist aus Holz .
Er schenkte ihr einen Ring aus Gold .
Diese Gabel ist aus Silber .
Diese Tüte ist aus Papier .
Bringe bitte die Tassen aus Porzellan .

Уточняете местоположение

Wo ist mein Koffer? – Er ist im Flur .
Wo sind meine Socken? – Sie sind in dem Kasten . Wo denn sonst?
Wo ist die Telefonzelle? – Sie ist an der Ecke .
Bist du schon an der Haltestelle ? – Nein, ich bin noch zu Hause .
Wo sind Sie auf diesem Foto? – Ich bin da, in der Mitte .
Ist deine Cousine in Lissabon jetzt? – Nein, sie ist schon wieder in Deutschland .

Демонстрируете что-то или кого-то

Was ist das? – Das ist ein Bücherregal.
Ist das eine Lampe? – Nein, das ist keine Lampe. Das ist eine Taschenlampe.
Ist das Ihr Haus? – Ja, das ist mein Haus.
Sind das deine CDs? – Nein, das sind die CDs meiner Mutter.
Ist das Walters Toyota? – Ja, das ist sein Auto.

Образование глаголов

В некоторых случаях глагол sein может образовывать глагол в инфинитиве с другими частями речи, однако писаться глагол будет отдельно:

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auf sein : Ist sie schon lange auf ?
da sein : Ich bin immer für dich da .
beisammen sein : Ich mag Wochenenden, dann ist die ganze Familie beisammen .
dabei sein : Wer spielt mit mir Karten? – Wir sind dabe i. Wir spielen sehr gern.
los sein : In dieser Stadt ist immer etwas los .
zusammen sein : Meine Großeltern sind schon seit 50 Jahren zusammen .

Источник

Спряжение глагола «to sing» (Английский язык)

Глагол to sing – неправильный глагол в английском языке, в переводе на русский означает: петь; воспевать; ликовать.

Infinitive to sing
Simple past sang
Past participle sung
-s sings
-ing singing

Sing in present simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

You do not sing

He does not sing
She does not sing
It does not sing

You do not sing

They do not sing

Вопрос

Does he sing?
Does she sing?
Does it sing?

Sing in present continuous

Утверждение

You are singing

He is singing
She is singing
It is singing

You are singing

They are singing

Отрицание

I am not singing

You are not singing

He is not singing
She is not singing
It is not singing

We are not singing

You are not singing

They are not singing

Вопрос

Are you singing?

Is he singing?
Is she singing?
Is it singing?

Are you singing?

Are they singing?

Sing in present perfect

Утверждение

He has sung
She has sung
It has sung

Отрицание

I have not sung

You have not sung

He has not sung
She has not sung
It has not sung

We have not sung

You have not sung

They have not sung

Вопрос

Has he sung?
Has she sung?
Has it sung?

Sing in present perfect continuous

Утверждение

I have been singing

You have been singing

He has been singing
She has been singing
It has been singing

We have been singing

You have been singing

They have been singing

Отрицание

I have not been singing

You have not been singing

He has not been singing
She has not been singing
It has not been singing

We have not been singing

You have not been singing

They have not been singing

Вопрос

Have I been singing?

Have you been singing?

Has he been singing?
Has she been singing?
Has it been singing?

Have we been singing?

Have you been singing?

Have they been singing?

Sing in past simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

You did not sing

He did not sing
She did not sing
It did not sing

We did not sing

You did not sing

They did not sing

Вопрос

Did he sing?
Did she sing?
Did it sing?

Sing in past continuous

Утверждение

You were singing

He was singing
She was singing
It was singing

We were singing

You were singing

They were singing

Отрицание

I was not singing

You were not singing

He was not singing
She was not singing
It was not singing

We were not singing

You were not singing

They were not singing

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Вопрос

Were you singing?

Was he singing?
Was she singing?
Was it singing?

Were we singing?

Were you singing?

Were they singing?

Sing in past perfect

Утверждение

He had sung
She had sung
It had sung

Отрицание

You had not sung

He had not sung
She had not sung
It had not sung

We had not sung

You had not sung

They had not sung

Вопрос

Had he sung?
Had she sung?
Had it sung?

Sing in past perfect continuous

Утверждение

I had been singing

You had been singing

He had been singing
She had been singing
It had been singing

We had been singing

You had been singing

They had been singing

Отрицание

I had not been singing

You had not been singing

He had not been singing
She had not been singing
It had not been singing

We had not been singing

You had not been singing

They had not been singing

Вопрос

Had I been singing?

Had you been singing?

Had he been singing?
Had she been singing?
Had it been singing?

Had we been singing?

Had you been singing?

Had they been singing?

Sing in future simple

Утверждение

He will sing
She will sing
It will sing

Отрицание

I will not sing

You will not sing

He will not sing
She will not sing
It will not sing

We will not sing

You will not sing

They will not sing

Вопрос

Will he sing?
Will she sing?
Will it sing?

Sing in future continuous

Утверждение

I will be singing

You will be singing

He will be singing
She will be singing
It will be singing

We will be singing

You will be singing

They will be singing

Отрицание

I will not be singing

You will not be singing

He will not be singing
She will not be singing
It will not be singing

We will not be singing

You will not be singing

They will not be singing

Вопрос

Will I be singing?

Will you be singing?

Will he be singing?
Will she be singing?
Will it be singing?

Will we be singing?

Will you be singing?

Will they be singing?

Sing in future perfect

Утверждение

I will have sung

You will have sung

He will have sung
She will have sung
It will have sung

We will have sung

You will have sung

They will have sung

Отрицание

I will not have sung

You will not have sung

He will not have sung
She will not have sung
It will not have sung

We will not have sung

You will not have sung

They will not have sung

Вопрос

Will I have sung?

Will you have sung?

Will he have sung?
Will she have sung?
Will it have sung?

Will we have sung?

Will you have sung?

Will they have sung?

Sing in future perfect continuous

Утверждение

I will have been singing

You will have been singing

He will have been singing
She will have been singing
It will have been singing

We will have been singing

You will have been singing

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They will have been singing

Отрицание

I will not have been singing

You will not have been singing

He will not have been singing
She will not have been singing
It will not have been singing

We will not have been singing

You will not have been singing

They will not have been singing

Вопрос

Will I have been singing?

Will you have been singing?

Will he have been singing?
Will she have been singing?
Will it have been singing?

Will we have been singing?

Will you have been singing?

Will they have been singing?

Sing in conditional present

Утверждение

He would sing
She would sing
It would sing

They would sing

Отрицание

I would not sing

You would not sing

He would not sing
She would not sing
It would not sing

We would not sing

You would not sing

They would not sing

Вопрос

Would he sing?
Would she sing?
Would it sing?

Would they sing?

Sing in conditional present progressive

Утверждение

I would be singing

You would be singing

He would be singing
She would be singing
It would be singing

We would be singing

You would be singing

They would be singing

Отрицание

I would not be singing

You would not be singing

He would not be singing
She would not be singing
It would not be singing

We would not be singing

You would not be singing

They would not be singing

Вопрос

Would I be singing?

Would you be singing?

Would he be singing?
Would she be singing?
Would it be singing?

Would we be singing?

Would you be singing?

Would they be singing?

Sing in conditional perfect

Утверждение

I would have sung

You would have sung

He would have sung
She would have sung
It would have sung

We would have sung

You would have sung

They would have sung

Отрицание

I would not have sung

You would not have sung

He would not have sung
She would not have sung
It would not have sung

We would not have sung

You would not have sung

They would not have sung

Вопрос

Would I have sung?

Would you have sung?

Would he have sung?
Would she have sung?
Would it have sung?

Would we have sung?

Would you have sung?

Would they have sung?

Sing in conditional perfect progressive

Утверждение

I would have been singing

You would have been singing

He would have been singing
She would have been singing
It would have been singing

We would have been singing

You would have been singing

They would have been singing

Отрицание

I would not have been singing

You would not have been singing

He would not have been singing
She would not have been singing
It would not have been singing

We would not have been singing

You would not have been singing

They would not have been singing

Вопрос

Would I have been singing?

Would you have been singing?

Would he have been singing?
Would she have been singing?
Would it have been singing?

Источник