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Глагол спит в будущем времени



Как правильно употреблять глаголы в русской речи. Глагол «спать»

Добрый день, уважаемый студент! Глаголам всегда уделяют много внимания, так как многие студенты и иностранцы постоянно жалуются на ошибки и непонимание, действительно, глагол — это такая сложная часть речи, которая требует много усилий, опыта и, конечно, знаний — как, где и с чем можно применять их в речи. Прежде чем приступать к изучению отдельных глаголов, чем мы и займемся в этой статье, я рекомендую для начала почитать и вспомнить виды и времена глаголов, тогда понимание этой темы станет намного яснее.

Итак, сегодня мы рассмотрим глагол «спать» [spat’] to sleep, так же как и все глаголы, он изменяется по временам и видам глагола:

Я сплю — Мы спим [Ya splyu — My spim]
Ты спишь — Вы спите [Ty spish’ — My spim] You sleep — You (plural) sleep
Он, она спит — Они спят [On, ana spit — Ani spyat] He, she sleep — They sleep
· Она спит крепко по ночам [Ana spit krepka pa nacham] She sleeps deeply at night

Совершенный вид: в настоящем времени не бывает!

Я, ты, он спал [Ya, ty, on spal] I, you, he was sleeping
Я, ты, она спала [ya, ty, ana spala] I, you, she was sleeping
Мы, вы, они спали [My, vy, ani spali] We, you (plural), they were sleeping

В данном случае его не бывает! Но можно сказать, что человек хорошо поспал или выспался.

Будущее время

Несовершенный вид

Я буду спать [ya budu spat’] I will sleep
Ты будешь спать [Ty budish spat’] You will sleep
Он, она будет спать [On, ana budit spat’] He, she will sleep
Мы будем спать [My budim spat’] We will sleep
Вы будете спать [Vy budite spat’] You will sleep
Они будут спать [Ani budut spat’] They will sleep

В данном случае, его также как и в прошедшем не бывает, но можно сказать,что человек поспит или хочет/желает выспаться (на выходных)

Также существует повелительное наклонение глаголов и данный глагол принимает следующую форму:
Доброй ночи! Спи крепко и встань пораньше! [Dobraj nochi! Spi krepka i fstan’ paran’ishe] Good night! Have a deep sleep and get up early!

Глагол «спи» стоит в несовершенном виде. В разговорной речи можно также встретить форму: «Выспись» или «Поспи немного».

И напоследок, хотела бы обратить ваше внимание на написание будущего времени с данным глаголом, не употребляйте на письме форму «будИшь» спать — это является грубой ошибкой!

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Спряжение глагола «спать»

У гла­го­ла «спать», хотя сло­во закан­чи­ва­ет­ся на -ать, ука­жем вто­рое спря­же­ние.

Чтобы опре­де­лить спря­же­ние гла­го­ла «спать», обра­тим вни­ма­ние на конеч­ные бук­вы сло­ва. Оно закан­чи­ва­ет­ся на -ать:

сп а ть — корень/суффикс/окончание.

Если гла­гол име­ет суф­фикс -а- в неопре­де­лен­ной фор­ме, то он изме­ня­ет­ся по лицам и чис­лам по пер­во­му типу спря­же­ния, напри­мер:

хлопот-а-ть — хло­по­чу, хло­поч е шь, хло­поч е т, хло­поч е м, хло­поч е те, хло­поч у т.

Но что каса­ет­ся ана­ли­зи­ру­е­мо­го одно­слож­но­го сло­ва, пусть нико­го не вво­дит в заблуж­де­ние этот факт. Общеизвестное утвер­жде­ние, что все гла­го­лы, закан­чи­ва­ю­щи­е­ся на -ать в неопре­де­лён­ной фор­ме, кро­ме слов-исключений «гнать», «дер­жать», «слы­шать» и «дышать», отно­сят­ся к пер­во­му спря­же­нию, харак­те­ри­зу­ет гла­го­лы с без­удар­ны­ми лич­ны­ми окон­ча­ни­я­ми.

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У гла­го­ла «спать», напро­тив, лич­ные окон­ча­ния явля­ют­ся удар­ны­ми. Стоит толь­ко изме­нить это сло­во по лицам и чис­лам, как все ста­нет ясно:

Подытожим

Ударение чет­ко про­яс­ни­ло глас­ные в лич­ных окон­ча­ни­ях рас­смат­ри­ва­е­мо­го одно­слож­но­го гла­го­ла, что поз­во­ли­ло опре­де­лить у него грам­ма­ти­че­скую кате­го­рию вто­ро­го спря­же­ния. Поэтому в таких слу­ча­ях, когда сло­во име­ет удар­ный гла­голь­ный суф­фикс перед окон­ча­ни­ем -ть, не под­хо­дим фор­маль­но к опре­де­ле­нию спря­же­ния гла­го­ла, а для про­вер­ки обра­зу­ем, напри­мер, фор­му вто­ро­го лица един­ствен­но­го чис­ла:

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Спряжение глагола «to sleep» (Английский язык)

Глагол to sleep – неправильный глагол в английском языке, в переводе на русский означает: спать, засыпать, ночевать, дрыхнуть, почивать.

Infinitive to sleep
Simple past slept
Past participle slept
-s sleeps
-ing sleeping

Sleep in present simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

You do not sleep

He does not sleep
She does not sleep
It does not sleep

We do not sleep

You do not sleep

They do not sleep

Вопрос

Does he sleep?
Does she sleep?
Does it sleep?

Sleep in present continuous

Утверждение

You are sleeping

He is sleeping
She is sleeping
It is sleeping

We are sleeping

You are sleeping

They are sleeping

Отрицание

I am not sleeping

You are not sleeping

He is not sleeping
She is not sleeping
It is not sleeping

We are not sleeping

You are not sleeping

They are not sleeping

Вопрос

Are you sleeping?

Is he sleeping?
Is she sleeping?
Is it sleeping?

Are we sleeping?

Are you sleeping?

Are they sleeping?

Sleep in present perfect

Утверждение

He has slept
She has slept
It has slept

They have slept

Отрицание

I have not slept

You have not slept

He has not slept
She has not slept
It has not slept

We have not slept

You have not slept

They have not slept

Вопрос

Has he slept?
Has she slept?
Has it slept?

Have they slept?

Sleep in present perfect continuous

Утверждение

I have been sleeping

You have been sleeping

He has been sleeping
She has been sleeping
It has been sleeping

We have been sleeping

You have been sleeping

They have been sleeping

Отрицание

I have not been sleeping

You have not been sleeping

He has not been sleeping
She has not been sleeping
It has not been sleeping

We have not been sleeping

You have not been sleeping

They have not been sleeping

Вопрос

Have I been sleeping?

Have you been sleeping?

Has he been sleeping?
Has she been sleeping?
Has it been sleeping?

Have we been sleeping?

Have you been sleeping?

Have they been sleeping?

Sleep in past simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

I did not sleep

You did not sleep

He did not sleep
She did not sleep
It did not sleep

We did not sleep

You did not sleep

They did not sleep

Вопрос

Did he sleep?
Did she sleep?
Did it sleep?

Sleep in past continuous

Утверждение

You were sleeping

He was sleeping
She was sleeping
It was sleeping

We were sleeping

You were sleeping

They were sleeping

Отрицание

I was not sleeping

You were not sleeping

He was not sleeping
She was not sleeping
It was not sleeping

We were not sleeping

You were not sleeping

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They were not sleeping

Вопрос

Were you sleeping?

Was he sleeping?
Was she sleeping?
Was it sleeping?

Were we sleeping?

Were you sleeping?

Were they sleeping?

Sleep in past perfect

Утверждение

He had slept
She had slept
It had slept

Отрицание

I had not slept

You had not slept

He had not slept
She had not slept
It had not slept

We had not slept

You had not slept

They had not slept

Вопрос

Had he slept?
Had she slept?
Had it slept?

Sleep in past perfect continuous

Утверждение

I had been sleeping

You had been sleeping

He had been sleeping
She had been sleeping
It had been sleeping

We had been sleeping

You had been sleeping

They had been sleeping

Отрицание

I had not been sleeping

You had not been sleeping

He had not been sleeping
She had not been sleeping
It had not been sleeping

We had not been sleeping

You had not been sleeping

They had not been sleeping

Вопрос

Had I been sleeping?

Had you been sleeping?

Had he been sleeping?
Had she been sleeping?
Had it been sleeping?

Had we been sleeping?

Had you been sleeping?

Had they been sleeping?

Sleep in future simple

Утверждение

He will sleep
She will sleep
It will sleep

They will sleep

Отрицание

I will not sleep

You will not sleep

He will not sleep
She will not sleep
It will not sleep

We will not sleep

You will not sleep

They will not sleep

Вопрос

Will he sleep?
Will she sleep?
Will it sleep?

Will they sleep?

Sleep in future continuous

Утверждение

I will be sleeping

You will be sleeping

He will be sleeping
She will be sleeping
It will be sleeping

We will be sleeping

You will be sleeping

They will be sleeping

Отрицание

I will not be sleeping

You will not be sleeping

He will not be sleeping
She will not be sleeping
It will not be sleeping

We will not be sleeping

You will not be sleeping

They will not be sleeping

Вопрос

Will I be sleeping?

Will you be sleeping?

Will he be sleeping?
Will she be sleeping?
Will it be sleeping?

Will we be sleeping?

Will you be sleeping?

Will they be sleeping?

Sleep in future perfect

Утверждение

I will have slept

You will have slept

He will have slept
She will have slept
It will have slept

We will have slept

You will have slept

They will have slept

Отрицание

I will not have slept

You will not have slept

He will not have slept
She will not have slept
It will not have slept

We will not have slept

You will not have slept

They will not have slept

Вопрос

Will I have slept?

Will you have slept?

Will he have slept?
Will she have slept?
Will it have slept?

Will we have slept?

Will you have slept?

Will they have slept?

Sleep in future perfect continuous

Утверждение

I will have been sleeping

You will have been sleeping

He will have been sleeping
She will have been sleeping
It will have been sleeping

We will have been sleeping

You will have been sleeping

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They will have been sleeping

Отрицание

I will not have been sleeping

You will not have been sleeping

He will not have been sleeping
She will not have been sleeping
It will not have been sleeping

We will not have been sleeping

You will not have been sleeping

They will not have been sleeping

Вопрос

Will I have been sleeping?

Will you have been sleeping?

Will he have been sleeping?
Will she have been sleeping?
Will it have been sleeping?

Will we have been sleeping?

Will you have been sleeping?

Will they have been sleeping?

Sleep in conditional present

Утверждение

You would sleep

He would sleep
She would sleep
It would sleep

You would sleep

They would sleep

Отрицание

I would not sleep

You would not sleep

He would not sleep
She would not sleep
It would not sleep

We would not sleep

You would not sleep

They would not sleep

Вопрос

Would you sleep?

Would he sleep?
Would she sleep?
Would it sleep?

Would you sleep?

Would they sleep?

Sleep in conditional present progressive

Утверждение

I would be sleeping

You would be sleeping

He would be sleeping
She would be sleeping
It would be sleeping

We would be sleeping

You would be sleeping

They would be sleeping

Отрицание

I would not be sleeping

You would not be sleeping

He would not be sleeping
She would not be sleeping
It would not be sleeping

We would not be sleeping

You would not be sleeping

They would not be sleeping

Вопрос

Would I be sleeping?

Would you be sleeping?

Would he be sleeping?
Would she be sleeping?
Would it be sleeping?

Would we be sleeping?

Would you be sleeping?

Would they be sleeping?

Sleep in conditional perfect

Утверждение

I would have slept

You would have slept

He would have slept
She would have slept
It would have slept

We would have slept

You would have slept

They would have slept

Отрицание

I would not have slept

You would not have slept

He would not have slept
She would not have slept
It would not have slept

We would not have slept

You would not have slept

They would not have slept

Вопрос

Would I have slept?

Would you have slept?

Would he have slept?
Would she have slept?
Would it have slept?

Would we have slept?

Would you have slept?

Would they have slept?

Sleep in conditional perfect progressive

Утверждение

I would have been sleeping

You would have been sleeping

He would have been sleeping
She would have been sleeping
It would have been sleeping

We would have been sleeping

You would have been sleeping

They would have been sleeping

Отрицание

I would not have been sleeping

You would not have been sleeping

He would not have been sleeping
She would not have been sleeping
It would not have been sleeping

We would not have been sleeping

You would not have been sleeping

They would not have been sleeping

Вопрос

Would I have been sleeping?

Would you have been sleeping?

Would he have been sleeping?
Would she have been sleeping?
Would it have been sleeping?

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