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Поставить глаголы в скобках согласно правилу согласования времен



Согласование времён в английском языке: упражнения для тренировки с ответами

Согласование времён – очень важная, но не самая лёгкая тема грамматики в английском языке, которая требует к себе большого количества внимания. Согласование важно, потому что в большинстве случаев говорящий пересказывает чьи-то слова, поступки или действия. А в случае такого пересказала действует особое правило «шаг назад», которое и является наибольшей проблемой для людей, изучающих английский язык.

Однако в этой статье мы не будем разбирать само правило, мы будем тренировать своё умение использовать согласование времён в различных ситуациях и предложениях.

Поэтому повторяйте правило и скорее приступайте к упражнениям на согласование времён!

Упражнения на согласование времен в английском языке

Ниже будут представлены разнообразные упражнения онлайн, которые помогут вам отработать правило согласование времён в самых разных случаях. Проработайте каждое упражнения, сверяясь с ответами, а не подсматривая в них. Только так вы сможете добиться эффективного результата в освоении согласования времён.

Упражнение 1

Ниже находятся предложения, которые вам необходимо переписать в прошедшем времени, используя правило согласования времён. Будьте внимательны!

  1. She knows that you are a good friend but a really strange lover.
  2. Marisa tells that her parents are very strict. But I think she is lying.
  3. Peter asks me where his girlfriend goes every day.
  4. Sam is not sure his school is pretty well but he continues to go there.
  5. I tell you that your friends are very dangerous people. You should stop to talk with them.

Упражнение 2

Вам необходимо раскрыть скобки и написать глагол в правильном времени, подходящем данному предложения, используя правило согласование времён. При необходимости повторите его перед началом выполнения упражнения.

  1. I cannot believe my parents (buy) a new car the two days before yesterday.
  2. Alice said that she (love) reading books in the evening but (hate) to do this in the morning.
  3. The brother of my friend said that he (see not) this disgusting and horrible film before in his life.
  4. I knew that young Tomas (to pass) his examination at that time.

Упражнение 3

Из предложенных предложений выберите то, глагол в котором может стоять в настоящем времени. Здесь могут быть также и предложения, которые не относятся к согласованию времён, например, придаточные или сложные предложения.

  1. I (know) that my parents want to (buy) me many gifts on my birthdays next year even if I do not want it.
  2. Mary (say) that Bill (beat) Andrew because of the young girl named Elisabeth.
  3. My close friends and I (think) that our best friend Dilan still (to be) in the hospital in the city.
  4. Do not be afraid of my dogs. I (know) that they (to be) pretty kind. They (bite) you!
  5. Masha (say) that her parents (not like) how she (dance) at school. She (to be) upset about this situation.

Упражнение 4

Поставьте глагол в скобках в нужную форму и переведите предложения на русский язык согласно правилу согласования времён. Повторите правило перед выполнением данного задания.

  1. Teresa told me that she is going to (go) to the blue sea next year with her husband and a little child. I am so glad for her.
  2. Helen said that she (can) repair her old car my herself.
  3. Katy is a pretty smart pupil. But her parents said that she (go) drop put the school. It will be bad.

Упражнение 5

Ниже даны предложения на русском языке. Вам необходимо данные предложения перевести на английский язык, применяя правило согласования времён.

  1. Моя мама сказала, что Джереми в госпитале.
  2. Дин говорит, что его сестра нарисовала потрясающую картину.
  3. Родители Луизы спросили мене, где находится их дочь.
  4. Мария сказала мне, что её дети очень хорошие ученики.

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Упражнение 6

Переведите данные предложения, используя правило согласования времён. Перед началом повторите само правило, так вы сможете освежить свои знания. Старайтесь не подсматривать в ответы раньше времени.

  1. Мила сказала, что он поедет в Лондон на следующей неделе вместе с Джимом.
  2. Денис сказала, что он очень хороший спортсмен, а его друзья нет.
  3. Мой учитель сказал, что он умеет играть на гитаре и на фортепиано.
  4. Маленький мальчик сказала, что он не смог победить в игре.

Упражнение 7

Ниже даны предложения, построенные в прямой речи. Вам же нужно переделать их в косвенную, используя правило согласования времён. Старайтесь не подсматривать в ответы, а только сверяться по ним.

  1. Mika said: “Boys are playing in the back yard now and girls are cooking in the kitchen”.
  2. My granny said “Your grandfather was reading a detective book yesterday when the guests came in our house”.
  3. Teddy said to me “You may take my textbook and those pencils”.
  4. My parents said to me “You could invite more your friends here, if we bought a bigger house”.
  5. Kevin said to me: “I saw Bobby in the library yesterday, but he didn’t recognize me”.
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Упражнение 8

Ниже даны общие вопросительные вопросы на английском. Вашей задачей является переделать их в косвенную речь согласно правилу согласования времён.

  1. My parents asked my brother: “Can you help us with the dinner tomorrow evening?”
  2. Mary asked her cousin: “Did you become an English teacher ten years ago?”
  3. My sister`s children asked me: “Will you come to the cinema with us and our mother next weekend?”
  4. The waiter asked us: “What would you like to drink and what do you want to eat in this wonderful evening?”
  5. Alice asked my classmate: “Can you give me your notes for ten minutes, please?”

Упражнение 9

Данные предложения уже построены в косвенной речи, вам же нужно вернуть им первоначальный вид, то есть построить их в прямой речи, применяя согласование времён наоборот.

  1. Teresa said she couldn’t go to the library with me because she was reading a very interesting book about aliens.
  2. The little children asked their favorite teacher not to clean the classroom. They said that they wanted to do it by their own.
  3. My mother said to her pupils that she had been working at school for twenty years. They all were chocked.
  4. My parents wanted to know where my grandparents and I would go the following summer.
  5. Tommy asked me not to open the door because it was really cold outside. I agreed with this statement.

Ответы к упражнениям

Здесь находятся ответы на все предложенные в статье упражнения на согласование времён. Ответы даны для самопроверки вашего труда, а не для простого списывания. Поэтому уважайте своё время и не подсматривайте в ответы перед выполнением заданий на данное правило английского языка.

Упражнение 1:

1) She knew that you were a good friend but a bad lover.

2) Marisa told that her parents were very strict. But I thought she lain.

3) Peter asked me where his girlfriend went every day.

4) Sam was not sure that his school was pretty good.

5) I told you that your friends were very bad and rude people. You should stop to be friends with them.

Упражнение 2:

1) I cannot believe that my parents had bought a new cat the day before yesterday.

2) Alice said that she loved reading books in the evening but she hated to do this in the morning.

3) My friend`s brother said that he had not seen this wonderful and horrible film before.

4) I knew Tomas that had been passing his examination at that time.

Упражнение 3:

1) I know that my parents buy me many gifts on my birthdays every year even if I do not want it.

2) Mary said that Bill had beaten Andrew because of the young lady named Elisabeth.

3) My friends and I thought that our best friend Dilan still was in the local hospital.

4) Do not be afraid of big dogs. I know that they are pretty kind. They will not bite you!

5) Masha said that her parents did not like how she danced at school. She was upset about their words.

Упражнение 4:

1) Teresa said that she would go to the sea next year with her husband and little children. I am so glad for her. / Тереза сказала, что она поедет на море в следующей году с мужем и маленькими детьми. Я так рада за неё.

2) Helen said that she could repair her car my her own. I hope it will be so. / Хелен сказала, что она сможет починить свою машину сама. Надеюсь, это будет так.

3) Katy is a pretty good pupil. But her parents said that she was going to drop put the school. It will be so bad. / Кэти очень хорошая ученица. Но её родители сказали, что она собирается бросить школу. Это будет очень плохо.

Упражнение 5:

1) My mother said that Jeremy was in the hospital.

2) Din says that his sister had painted a very good picture.

3) Luisa`s parents asked me where his daughter was.

4) Maria said me that her children were very good pupils.

Упражнение 6:

1) Mila said that she would go to the London next week with Jim.

2) Denis said that he was a very good sportsman but his friends were not.

3) My teacher said that he could play the guitar and the piano.

4) A little boy said that he could not win the game.

Упражнение 7:

1) Mika said that boys were playing in the gym then and girls were cooking in the kitchen.

2) My grandmother said that my grandfather had been reading a detective book the day before when the guests had come in their house.

3) Teddy said to me that I might take his textbook and those pencils.

4) My parents said to me that I would invite more friends, if they had a bigger house.

5) Kevin said that he had seen Bobby in the library the day before, but he had not recognized him.

Упражнение 8:

1) My parents asked my brother whether (if) could he help them with the dinner the following evening.

2) Mary asked my cousin whether (if) he had become an English teacher ten years ago.

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3) My sister`s children asked me whether (if) i would come to the cinema with them and their mother the following weekend?”

4) The waiter asked: “What would you like to drink and what do you want to eat in this wonderful evening?”

5) Alice asked my classmate whether (if) he can give her his notes for ten minutes.

Упражнение 9:

1) Teresa said: “I cannot go to the library with you because I am reading a very interesting book about aliens”.

2) The little boys and girls asked their favorite teacher: “Do not clean the classroom. We want to do it by our own.”

3) My mother said to her pupils “I have been working at school for twenty years.” They all were chocked.

4) My parents wanted to know: “Where your grandparents and you will go the next summer?”

5) Tommy asked me: “Do not open the front door because it is really cold in the house.” I agreed with this.

Заключение

Научиться применять согласование времён или Sequence of Tenses в английском языке очень важно для человека, который хочет овладеть этим языком на очень хорошем уровне. Предложенные в этой статье упражнения помогут вам справиться с этой нелёгкой задачей. Для этого вам будет нужно время, чтобы прорешать упражнения, стараясь не подсматривать в ответы.

Если вы допустили где-то ошибку, то попытайтесь понять, что вы сделали неправильно или просмотрите правило на данную тему ещё несколько раз. Таким образом, вы сможете освежить свои знания по данному материалу и в следующий раз выполнить работу намного лучше. Главное, не отчаиваться и проходить грамматические темы осознанно.

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Поставьте глаголы в скобках согласно правилу согласования времен.

A:
1. Не says that he (want) to be an engineer.
2. He thinks that he (see) a new device already.
3. He knows that he (lose) his watch yesterday.
4. He says that he (help) with work next week.
5. He said that he (know) him.
6. He understood that the speaker (be) in London recently.
7. He said that he (think) about it later.
8. He asked what they (want) to do.
9. They asked when we (come) to see him.
10. He asked if I (can) stay with them.
11. The teacher wanted to know whether I (be) good at maths.
12. The professor wanted to know whether I (take) part in our conference the week before.
13. My friend wanted to know whether I (go) to the library next Saturday.
14. He asked which book she (read) at that moment.

1. Не says that he wants to be an engineer.
2. He thinks that he has seen a new device already.
3. He knows that he lost his watch yesterday.
4. He says that he will help with work next week.
5. He said that he knew him.
6. He understood that the speaker had been in London recently.
7. He said that he would think about it later.
8. He asked what they had wanted to do.
9. They asked when we would come to see him.
10. He asked if I could stay with them.
11. The teacher wanted to know whether I had been good at maths.
12. The professor wanted to know whether I had taken part in our conference the week before.
13. My friend wanted to know whether I would go to the library next Saturday.
14. He asked which book she had been reading at that moment.

Другие вопросы из категории

C. Who’ll clean the house?
By 2050 computers will be almost in complete control of our homes. Small and cheap, they will sense changes outside and inside and adjust light, temperature and humidity levels automatically. They will check efficient use of energy for heating and cooling and operate numerous electromechanical devices, e.g. they will immediately detect litter dropped on the floor and send a robot vacuum cleaner to clean it up.
D. My home is my castle
Sophisticated networks of small TV cameras linked to sensors will make our homes safe and secure. Police will be automatically alerted if an unauthorised visitor tries to enter. You will never -] lose your key, as biometric locks will replace traditional ones. To get in, a sensor will scan your hand or eye.

to be)
1 this man works at our office
2 I’il give you my book. This story is very interesting
3 A woman a man a boy and a girl are the room
4 put this knife on that table
5 what is your name?
6 he keeps his toy in a box
7 A new house is in our street
8 he has a new suit
9 the plate was on the table
10 this town is very large
11 is that girl your sister?
12 is this a good student?
13 is this a good match?
14 the student put his book on the desk
15 that house is new

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the device in the afternoon.

1. John (write) his name. 2. I (draw) a picture. 3. Tom (blow out ) the light. 4. The cat (drink) its milk. 5. The tree (fall) across the road. 6. John (give) his bicycle to his brother. 7. You (make) a mistake. 8. We (eat) our dinner. 9. The train just (go). 10. I just (tell) the answer. 11. George never (be) in Australia. 12. John and Richard just (go away). 13. The baker (sell) all his cakes. 14. I (read) this book.

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2. В следующих предложениях измените время глагола на Present Perfect. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. The pupils are writing the dictation. 2. My friend is helping me to solve a difficult problem. 3. I am learning a poem 4. She is telling them an interesting story. 5. Kate is sweeping the floor. 6. The waiter is putting a bottle of lemonade in front of him. 7. I am eating my breakfast. 8. We are drinking water. 9. He is bringing them some meat and vegetables. 10 You are putting the dishes on the table.

3.Раскройте скобки, переведите. Помните, что в некоторых случаях употребляется Past SIMPLE!
1. When he (to come) home, his mother already (to cook) dinner.
2. When we (to come) to my friend’s house, he just (to leave).
3. When her husband (to enter) her office, she already (to finish) her work for that day.
4. Jennifer (to send) him an email after he (to call).
5. Andy (to ask) his friend before he (to propose) him his help.
6. We (to eat) a cake which I (to bring) an hour before.
7. My sister (to take) my dress which I (to buy) in Morocco.
8. I (to work) on the computer yesterday which I (to buy) a week ago.
9. I (to know) that my friend (not yet to complete) the test in the university.
10. Nick and his wife (to come) home from the theatre at five o’clock.
11. Nick and his wife (to come) home from the theatre by five o’clock.
12. She (to finish) my homework at seven o’clock.
13. She (to finish) my homework by seven o’clock.
14. They (to sell) their house before they (to buy) the new one.
15. He told me that he (to buy) a new car.
16. Yesterday I (to wake up), (to open) my eyes and (to remember) what I (to do) the day before.
17. She said that she (to have) a great vacation trip.
18. You (to complete) the test by Friday?
19. I (not to have) a lunch by the afternoon, so I was very hungry.
20. I (to fix) my car before my daughter (to return) back from school.

4.Поставь глагол в нужной форме (Past Perfect или Past Simple) в зависимости от смысла.

1. The house was very quiet when I got home. Everybody _____________(go) to bed.

2. I felt very tired when I got home, so I ______(go) straight to bed.

3. Sorry I am late. The car ______(break) down on my way here.

4. There was a car by the side of the road. It ________ (break) down and the driver was trying to repair it. So we _______ (stop) to help him.

5. Поставье глаголы в скобках в форму present, past или future perfect:

1. I hope you (not forget) all this by tomorrow. 2. I think she (cook) dinner by the time Mother (come) home. 3. He (be) a pensioner for ten years by next spring. 4. I hope they (tell) her the news by the time we (come). 5. Ask him when he (finish) packing. 6. What … you (do) when I (call) on you at 5
tomorrow? 7. He (search) every corner of your room before he (leave). 8. The plane (approach) Moscow at this time tomorrow. 9. By the time you (get) home we (prepare) everything for the party. 10. They (come) to see us next Sunday. 11. The doctor (examine) his last patient at this time tomorrow.

1. He (be) here for two hours by the time you (come) back. 2. «It (be) very late.» –
«They (be) back soon.» 3. «There (be) no planes tonight.» – «Never mind, I (go) by
train.» 4. You (be) angry if I (talk) to you about it? 5. By the time you (finish) cook-
ing they (do) their work. 6. «I (be) afraid, my train (leave) by that time.» –
«(not/worry) I (drive) you home.» 7. I hope it (stop) snowing by tomorrow morning.
8. If you (think) it over you (see) I am right. 9. If you (not/take) a taxi, you (be) late.
By the time you (get) to the first act (be) over and you (miss) the most interesting
dialogues.

1. Be quiet, please. We (work) at the translation and you (make) a lot of noice.
2. Where is Jack? — He (meet) his girlfriend at the station. She (come) at 12 o’clock.
3. I just (have) breakfast when the telephone rang
4 I (to do) my homework by six o’clock.
5 She (cry). Is something wrong?
6 I (wak) along the street wathcing what (go on) around me. Fast cars (rush) in both directions and it was impossible to cross the street.
8 We (walk) in silence when he suddenly asked me to help him.
9 Hurry up, Jane! We all (wait) for you.
10 When I (finish) me letter in the hall, a tall beautiful woman with red hair entered. A dog (follow) her.

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