Поставьте прилагательные и наречия в соответствующую степень сравнения

Степени сравнения прилагательных / наречий

Degrees of Comparison

Прилагатель — ные /наречия Положительная степень Сравнительная степень Превосходная степень
а) односложные б) двусложные с окончанием на — y , — ow , — er, — e short – короткий late – поздно clever – умный dirty – грязный polite – вежливый early – рано shorter – короче later – позднее cleverer – умнее dirtier – грязнее politer – вежливее earlier — раньше (the) shortest – кратчайший (the) latest — позднее всего (the) cleverest – самый умный (the) dirtiest – самый грязный (the) politest – самый вежливый (the) earliest – раньше всего
многосложные important – важный more impotant – важнее (более важный) (the) most important – важнейший (самый важный)
особые случаи good – хороший well – хорошо bad – плохой badly — плохо little – мало many, much – много far – далёкий better – лучший лучше, worse – худший, хуже less – меньше more – больше farther – дальше (the ) best – самый лучший, лучше всего (the) worst – самый плохой, хуже всего ( the ) least – наименьший, меньше всего ( the ) most – больше всего, наибольший (the) farthest – самый далёкий

Упр. 41. Переведите предложения. Поставьте прилагательные/наречия в положительную степень.

1. The living room is the warmest room in the house. 2. What are the most popular sports in Russia? 3. Ann knows English better than German. 4. Your text is more difficult than ours. 5. This day was the luckiest for me. 6. Last holiday I stayed at the most expensive hotel of the city. 7. Now the boy looks worse than two hours ago. 8. It is even easier to sunburn on the snow than on the beach. 9. To tell the truth, this is the silliest joke I’ve ever heard. 10. The air is healthier in the countryside.

Упр. 42. Напишите прилагательные в сравнительной и превосходной степени.

a) sharp, long, sad, wet, busy, merry, shy, gay, young, narrow, diverse, light, angry;

б) famous, interesting, comfortable, useful, popular, intelligent;

в) good, large, many, heavy, nice, lazy, powerful, possible, little, quiet, strange, thin, expensive, fast, stupid, gentle.

Упр. 43. Поставьте слово в скобках в сравнительную степень. Переведите предложения.

1. There are (many) students in Group 3 than in Group 2. 2. This street is (narrow) and (quiet) than that one. 3. I’m now (experienced) than a year ago. 4. Criminal investigation is important, but crime prevention is (important). 5. Sochi is (popular) than Yalta. 6. We have (little) time than we wish. 7. You’ll find your way around the town (quick) if you have a good map. 8. It is (easy) to phone than to write a letter. 9. An experienced investigator searches a crime scene (carefully). 10. The restaurant is (expensive) than the café. 11. They have a garden (large) than yours. 12. The party was (enjoyable) than I had expected. 13. Yesterday she looked (pretty) than ever. 14. He went to Spain to try to speak Spanish (good). 15. Which is (large): Russia or China?

Упр. 44. Поставьте слово в скобках в превосходную степень. Переведите предложения.

1. Pete is (good) student of us all. 2. Do you know (late) news? 3. The profession of a lawyer is one of (popular) professions among the young people. 4. Which is (easy) subject for you? 5. He is one of (dangerous) criminals in the country. 6. What was (happy) day of your life? 7. One of (interesting) places in Scotland Yard is the Map Room. 8. One of (important) functions of the police is identification. 9. Which is (near) way to the college? 10. You must know this criminal case; it’s one of (famous) in Criminal Law. 11. Mine is (small) room in the flat. 12. You are (clumsy) person I’ve ever met. 13. Moscow is (large) city in Russia. 14. Which is (beautiful) place in this part of the country? 15. He was (clever) man in the village.

Упр. 45. Поставьте прилагательные/наречия в скобках в сравнительную или превосходную степень.

1. The Volga is (short) than the Missisippi. 2. Which building is (high) in Moscow? 3. Mary is a (good) student than Olga. 4. The Alps are (high) than the Urals. 5. This garden is (beautiful) in our town. 6. She speaks French (well) than English. 7. Chinese is (difficult) than English. 8. Today the weather is (cold) than it was yesterday. 9. This book is (interesting) of all I have read this year. 10. My sister speaks German (badly) than I do. 11. Which is (short) month of the year? 12. He was (old) in the family. 13. This is (small) room in our flat. 14. The new cinema in our district is much (big) than the old one. 15. It is autumn. Every day the air becomes (cold), the leaves (yellow).

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9. А) поставьте прилагательные и наречия в соответствующие степени сравнения; б) переведите текст на русский язык:

Mercury is the (small) planet in our solar system, it is the (close) one to the Sun. Apart from the Sun itself the sunny side of Mercury is the (hot) place in the solar system. But the dark side of Mercury is probably even (cold) than the (far) planet, Pluto. It is strange to find the (hot) and the (cold) parts of the solar system on the same planet. The (good) time to see Mercury is spring.

10. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на сказуемое:

а) с модальным глаголом:

Due to the energy of the atom man can produce electric energy at atomic power stations.

The planet Pluto is so far away that we cannot study it easily.

He could not complete his research in time as he worked very slowly.

б) с эквивалентом модального глагола:

You needn’t take all these measurements. We already know the volume of gas in this tube.

He had to work hard before he was able to complete his research.

You will have to show the equation to your teacher.

As the student was late he was not allowed to enter me classroom.

11. Прочитайте и переведите на русский язык текст.


The variety and combinations of machine tools today are unlimited. Some of them are very small and can be mounted on a work-bench 1 but others are so large that we have to construct special buildings to house them.

There are some basic operations at any workshop. They are turning, drilling, threading, etc. The main machine tool of such a workshop is the multipurpose lathe. What is a lathe? It is a power-driven machine 2 with special tools which can cut or form metal parts. The metal that cuts another metal must be very hard and so tools should be made of very hard steel alloys. The tool itself is very small in comparison with the mechanism that is to direct it.

Technological progress improves accuracy of machine tools. Today’s equipment can produce parts with very high accuracy. One can find a number of 3 machine tools that can measure and inspect their production themselves – machine tools that are to handle the parts mechanically and automatically. Such machines can hold the parts which are to be measured and are able to indicate precise measurements themselves. A great many of such «clever» machines can be found today in our industry.

Since machine tools become faster and more complex, automatic measurements and inspection ought to be of greater importance. Automation is one of the main factors of engineering progress.

Flexible production lines form the basis for automated workshops. The main principle of such a flexible line is the fact that it can be switched over from one product to another, which has a similar structure but a different outline, almost instantaneously. It is equally efficient in conditions of both mass and small-batch production 4 and will serve to increase the productivity.

12. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

What types of machine tools are there nowadays?

What are the basic operations at a workshop?

What is a lathe?

Why must tools be made of very hard steels and alloys?

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Is the tool itself big or small?

What improves the accuracy of machine tools?

What is one of the main factors of engineering progress?

What forms the basis for automated workshops?

What is the main principle of a flexible line?

Контрольная работа 1

1. Замените личные местоимения, данные в скобках, соответствующими притяжательными местоимениями. Предложения переведите.

Образец: (We) table is front of the window.

Our table is front of the window.

I have some notebooks and pencils in (I) brief-case.

Those are (we) instruments.

These are (they) friends.

This is a square. All (it) angles are right.

2. Глаголы, данные в скобках, поставьте в соответствующем лице и числе в Present и Past Indefinite. Предложения переведите.

Mr. Black (to be) a professor of mathematics.

I (to be) a student too; l (to be) a schoolboy only three months ago.

We all (to have) pens, pencils, rulers, and notebooks with us.

There (to be) many things on the teacher’s table.

3. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную формы. Предложения переведите.

This is a large classroom.

There are some lames on the walls.

Mr. Black has some assistants.

4. Составьте предложения из следующих слов. Предложения переведите:

there, any, are, on the blackboard, figures?

a picture, there, over, the bookcase, is?

This element has (несколько) important properties.

There is (нет) difference between these two figures.

My friends always go (куда-нибудь) in summer.

He says (ничего) about his tests.

(Ни один) student uses these instruments.

6. Составьте предложения из следующих слов. Предложения переведите:

countries, the metric system, use, most, now;

work, m the evening, Mr. Hall, does not, on Fridays.

7. Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, во времена группы Indefinite (Present, Past, Future). Предложения переведите.

Albert Einstein (to be) born in 1879 in Germany. When he was be (to begin) his study of mathematics and physics. Later he (to continue) his studies at the University.

The people of our country (to produce) a lot of geniuses such as Lomonosov, Mendeleyev, Lobachevsky and others. Now our country (to have) a great number of brilliant scientists in all fields of knowledge. Any square (to have) four right angles.

8. Переведите предложения, пользуясь словами и выражениями, данными ниже.

Альберт Эйнштейн был великим физиком XX столетия.

В течение нескольких лет Эйнштейн жил в Праге и преподавал в университете физику.

Его идея поразила всех ученых.

Сегодня любой студент технического института понимает теорию относительности.

Тo get the Nobel Prize; to make some discoveries; any technical college student; to be a great physicist of the 20th century; to study Einstein’s biography; to give his life to; for a few years; to teach physics; to have an unusual ability in; to surprise all the scientists.


Упражнения: английские прилагательные

Выберите правильную часть речи (прилагательное или наречие) и закончите предложения.

1 Jane`s answer wasn`t (correct, correctly). – Ответ Джейн был неправильным.
2 The pupils have to spell English words (correct, correctly). – Учащиеся должны правильно произносить по буквам английские слова.
3 It was (cold, coldly) in the garden. – В саду было холодно.
4 Your wife looks very (cold, coldly) at my sister. – Твоя жена смотрит очень холодно на мою сестру.
5 It was not so (warm, warmly) a day before yesterday. – Позавчера было не так тепло.
6 Her husband can cook very (good, well). – Ее муж умеет очень хорошо готовить.
7 James` idea was (good, well). – Идея Джеймса была хорошей.
8 His neighbors never greet us (warm, warmly). – Его соседи никогда нас тепло не приветствуют.
9 Barbara can translate these texts (easy, easily). – Барбара с легкостью может перевести эти тексты.
10 His task wasn`t (easy, easily). – Его задание было нелегким.

Ответы: 1. Correct. 2. Correctly. 3. Cold. 4. Cold. 5. Warm. 6. Well. 7. Good. 8. Warmly. 9. Easily. 10. Easy.

Поставьте предложенные в скобках прилагательные в соответствующую форму (степень сравнения) и закончите предложения.

1 Mary is (young) than her sister Jane. – Мэри младше, чем ее сестра Джейн.
2 Barbara is (young) of four sisters. – Барбара – самая младшая из четырех сестер.
3 John is (clever) than his friend Bob. – Джон умнее своего друга Боба.
4 Richard is (clever) boy in this group. – Ричард – самый умный мальчик в этой группе.
5 Sirius is (bright) than the polar star. – Сириус ярче полярной звезды.
6 The polar star is (bright) star in the north hemisphere. – Полярная звезда является самой яркой звездой в северном полушарии.
7 The bedroom is (dark) than the kitchen. – Спальня темнее кухни.
8 The wallpapers in the hall are (dark) ones in our flat. – Обои в прихожей самые темные в нашей квартире.
9 Your answer was (unusual) than the answer of her son. – Твой ответ был более необычным, чем ответ ее сына.
10 Elisabeth suggested (unusual) way out. – Элизабет предложила наиболее необычный (самый необычный) выход из ситуации.

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Ответы: 1. Younger. 2. The youngest. 3. Cleverer. 4. The cleverest. 5. Brighter. 6. The brightest. 7. Darker. 8. The darkest. 9. More unusual. 10. The most unusual.

Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык.

1 Сейчас Энн выглядит еще печальнее, чем утром.
2 Пятое мая был самым плохим днем в его жизни.
3 Я не могу быть счастливее.
4 Комната моего брата больше моей (комнаты).
5 Ваш сын – самый вежливый мальчик из всех, кого нам довелось увидеть.
6 Ты должен взять самую тяжелую сумку.
7 Питер – это мой старший брат.
8 Бабушка Джеймса старше его дедушки.
9 Твое кресло удобнее моего стула.
10 Он самый известный архитектор в нашем городе.
11 Где находится ближайшая автобусная остановка?
12 Этот журнал менее известный, чем «Ньюсуик».
13 Диаметр Земли больше диаметра Луны.
14 Этот рабочий более занятой, чем тот.
15 Твой кот жирнее моей собаки.
16 Его дом – самый красивый дом в поселке.
17 Твои волосы хороши, но ее волосы лучше.
18 Джон самый маленький (по росту) в их классе.
19 Климат здесь мягче.
20 Это самый короткий путь до нашего бассейна.


1 Now Ann looks sadder than in the morning.
2 The 5 th of May was the worst day of his life.
3 I can`t be happier.
4 My brother`s room is bigger than mine.
5 Your son is the politest boy we`ve ever seen.
6 You have to take the heaviest bag.
7 Peter is my elder brother.
8 James` grandma is older than his grandpa.
9 Your armchair is more comfortable than my chair.
10 He is the most famous architect in our town.
11 Where is the nearest bus-stop?
12 This magazine is less well-known than «Newsweek».
13 The diameter of the Earth is bigger than the diameter of the Moon.
14 This worker is busier than that one.
15 Your cat is fatter than my dog.
16 His house is the most beautiful house in the village.
17 Your hair is good, but her hair is better.
18 John is the shortest boy in their class.
19 The climate is softer here.
20 It is the shortest way to our swimming-pool.

Вставьте предложенные прилагательные в соответствующей форме (степени сравнения).

1 My hat is (grey), but your cap is (grey). – Моя шляпа серая, но твоя кепка более серая.
2 This green tea is (hot), but that black tea is (hot). – Этот зеленый чай горячий, но тот черный чай горячее.
3 This book is (interesting), but that book is (interesting). – Эта книга интересная, но та книга еще интереснее.
4 This ball is (dirty), but that ball is (dirty). – Этот мяч грязный, но тот мяч еще грязнее.
5 This pig is very (fat), but the pig of our neighbor is (fat). – Эта свинья жирная, но свинья нашего соседа жирнее.
6 Our classroom is (large), but the aula is much (large). – Наша классная комната большая, но актовый зал намного больше.
7 His mother is (lucky), but his sister is (lucky). – Его мать счастлива, но его сестра счастливее.
8 Your car is (well appointed), but my car is (well appointed). – Твоя машина хорошо оборудована, но моя машина оборудована лучше.

Ответы: 1. Grey, greyer. 2. Hot, hotter. 3. Interesting, more interesting. 4. Dirty, dirtier. 5. Fat, fatter. 6. Large, larger. 7. Lucky, luckier. 8. Well appointed, better appointed.