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To или ing с глаголом see



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Употребление глаголов think и see во временах групп Continuous и Simple

Posted on 2013-11-18 by admin in Глагол // 8 Comments

В английском языке действует правило, согласно которому глаголы чувственного воcприятия и глаголы, выражающие умственную деятельность, не употребляются в продолженных временах (Continuous). Но особо следует сказать про глаголы think и see.

Глагол think

Глагол think может использоваться как во временах группы Simple, так и в Continuous в зависимости от значения.

  • Глагол think в значении «полагать, иметь какое-либо мнение о чем-то» не употребляется во временах группы Continuous, так как если мы составили мнение о чем-то, мы, как правило, придерживаемся его в течение некоторого времени.

• I think she is quite clever. — Думаю, она довольно умна.
• What do you think of her new boyfriend? – Что ты думаешь о ее новом парне?
• I don’t think he’ll help you with money. Don’t even ask him, it’s just wasting time. – Не думаю, что он поможет тебе с деньгами. Даже не спрашивай его, это просто потеря времени.
• Do you think these curtains will match my furniture ? – Как ты думаешь, эти занавески подойдут к моей мебели?

  • think в значении «думать, обдумывать»употребляется в во временах группы Continuous, так как обозначает временный мыслительный процесс:

• Jim is thinking of moving into a new house – Джим подумывает о переезде в новый дом.
• What are you thinking about? — About my holiday. – О чем ты думаешь? – О своем отпуске.
• Jane is thinking about starting her own business. – Джейн подумывает о том, чтобы начать собственный бизнес.
• I was thinking about you when got this message. – Я как раз думал о тебе, когда получил это сообщение.

Глагол see

Глагол see также употребляется в различных значениях.

  • Если see означает «видеть — зрительно воспринимать информацию», тогда этот глагол не употребляется во временах группы Continuous

• Can you see the cat in that tree? Isn’t it your Grandma’s? – Видишь кошку на том дереве? Разве это не кошка твоей бабушки?
• I see a very nice park in the photo. – На фотографии я вижу красивый парк.
• It’s too dark here, I cannot see anything. – Здесь слишком темно, я ничего не вижу.
• I looked for her but couldn’t see her in the crowd. – Я искал ее, но не смог увидеть среди толпы.

  • Если see означает «встречаться, иметь встречу (с кем-то)», тогда этот глагол употребляется в во временах группы Continuous

• I am seeing my accountant tomorrow. – Я встречаюсь со своим бухгалтером завтра.
• We are seeing at the cafe, then going to the cinema. – Мы встречаемся в кафе, а потом идем в кино.
• What are you doing tonight? – I am seeing my friends at 8. – Чем займешься сегодня вечером? – Я встречаюсь с друзьями в 8.

Источник

Герундий (-ing форма) и инфинитив

герундий и инфинитив

Герундий — это неличная форма глагола, выражающая название действия. Во многих грамматических справочниках герундий называют -ing формой (-ing form).

Инфинитив (неопределенная форма глагола) — это неличная глагольная форма, которая только называет действие, не указывая ни лица, ни числа. Инфинитив отвечает на вопросы что делать? что сделать? Формальным признаком инфинитива является частица to, которая может опускаться.

В английском языке есть ряд глаголов, после которых всегда используется инфинитив.

I want to finish this report. — Я хочу закончить этот доклад.

Также есть ряд английских глаголов, после которых всегда используется -ing форма.

I enjoy jogging in the park. — Мне нравится бегать в парке.

глаголы, после которых употребляется -ing форма

После следующих глаголов обычно употребляется -ing форма: avoid, can’t help, consider, delay, deny, dislike, enjoy, finish, involve, justify, like (=enjoy), look forward to, mind, miss, postpone, practise, risk, suggest, carry on, put off .

I look forward to meeting you again next month. — С нетерпением жду нашей встречи в следующем месяце.

I don’t mind working night shift anymore . — Сейчас я не против работы в ночную смену.

выражения, после которых используется -ing форма

После следующих выражений также обычно употребляется -ing форма.

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It’s a waste of time/money.

There’s no point (in) .

There’s no point in studying history if we do not take some lesson from it. — Нет смысла изучать историю, если мы не можем извлечь из нее уроки.

глаголы, после которых употребляется инфинитив

После следующих глаголов обычно употребляется инфинитив: afford, agree, arrange, attempt, claim, decide, demand, deserve, expect, fail, guarantee, hesitate, hope, learn, manage, neglect, offer, plan, prepare, pretend, promise, refuse, seem, tend, threaten, train, want, would like .

A: We decided to move house. — Мы решили переехать.

B: This seems to be a good idea. — Кажется, это хорошая идея.

глагол + прямое дополнение + инфинитив

После некоторых глаголов, таких как advise, allow, ask, enable, encourage, force, invite, order, persuade, remind, tell, warn может употребляться прямое дополнение и инфинитив (advise somebody to do something, ask somebody to do something, encourage somebody to do something, и так далее).

The lawyer advised me to read the contract carefully. — Юрист посоветовал мне внимательно прочитать договор.

He asked me to come back later. — Он попросил меня зайти позже.

make и let + прямое дополнение + инфинитив без частицы to

После глаголов make (в значении заставить кого-то что-то сделать) и let (в значении разрешить кому-то что-то сделать) следует прямое дополнение и инфинитив без частицы to (make somebody do something, let somebody do something).

She wanted to go home, but her boss made her stay until the work was finished. — Она хотела уйти домой, но начальник заставил ее остаться и закончить работу.

My boss let me have a day off to go to my brother’s wedding. — Мой начальник разрешил мне взять выходной, чтобы съездить на свадьбу к брату.

глаголы восприятия + инфинитив без частицы to или -ing форма?

После глаголов, обозначающих восприятия, таких как see, watch, notice, hear, listen to, feel может следовать как инфинитив без частицы to, так и -ing форма.

Если мы хотим сказать, что видели или слышали все действие от начала и до конца, то употребляем инфинитив без частицы to.

I saw him sign the cheque. — Я видел, как он подписал чек. (Он подписал чек, я это видел).

Если мы хотим сказать, что видели или слышали только часть действия, то употребляем -ing форму.

I saw the manager waiting in the conference hall. — Я увидел, что менеджер ждал в конференц-зале. (Я увидел менеджера. Он ждал в конференц-зале).

глагол + инфинитив или глагол + -ing форма?

После некоторых глаголов может следовать как инфинитив, так и -ing форма, при этом значение глагола меняется.

I remember sending her an e-mail. — Я помню, что посылал ей сообщение по электронной почте. (говорим о прошлом)

I remembered to send her an e-mail. — Я вспомнил, что мне необходимо отправить ей письмо по электронной почте. (говорим о том, что необходимо сделать в будущем)

I will never forget meeting the President. — Я никогда не забуду свою встречу с президентом. (говорим о прошлом)

I promise I won’t forget to give her a phone call. — Обещаю, что не забуду позвонить ей. (говорим о будущем)

I regret saying I was not interested in their offer. — Я сожалею, что сказал, что их предложение мне не интересно. (говорим о прошлом)

I regret to say that we will not be able to give you the contract. — К сожалению, должен сообщить, что мы не сможем заключить с вами договор. (устоявшееся выражение, часто используемое в ситуациях делового общения)

-ing форма после предлогов

После предлогов ( in, on, at, to, by, from, over , и так далее) используется -ing форма (не инфинитив).

Before setting up her own company, Toni was a hotel manager. — До того, как основать собственную компанию, Тони была менеджером в отеле.

I borrowed the money from my sister after being refused a bank loan. — Я одолжил деньги у сестры после того, как банк отказал мне в кредите.

Источник

Спряжение глагола «to see» (Английский язык)

Глагол to see – неправильный глагол в английском языке, в переводе на русский означает: увидеть, смотреть, посмотреть, видеть, наблюдать, рассматривать.

Infinitive to see
Simple past saw
Past participle seen
-s sees
-ing seeing

See in present simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

He does not see
She does not see
It does not see

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They do not see

Вопрос

Does he see?
Does she see?
Does it see?

See in present continuous

Утверждение

He is seeing
She is seeing
It is seeing

They are seeing

Отрицание

I am not seeing

You are not seeing

He is not seeing
She is not seeing
It is not seeing

We are not seeing

You are not seeing

They are not seeing

Вопрос

Is he seeing?
Is she seeing?
Is it seeing?

Are they seeing?

See in present perfect

Утверждение

He has seen
She has seen
It has seen

Отрицание

I have not seen

You have not seen

He has not seen
She has not seen
It has not seen

We have not seen

You have not seen

They have not seen

Вопрос

Has he seen?
Has she seen?
Has it seen?

See in present perfect continuous

Утверждение

I have been seeing

You have been seeing

He has been seeing
She has been seeing
It has been seeing

We have been seeing

You have been seeing

They have been seeing

Отрицание

I have not been seeing

You have not been seeing

He has not been seeing
She has not been seeing
It has not been seeing

We have not been seeing

You have not been seeing

They have not been seeing

Вопрос

Have I been seeing?

Have you been seeing?

Has he been seeing?
Has she been seeing?
Has it been seeing?

Have we been seeing?

Have you been seeing?

Have they been seeing?

See in past simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

You did not see

He did not see
She did not see
It did not see

You did not see

They did not see

Вопрос

Did he see?
Did she see?
Did it see?

See in past continuous

Утверждение

You were seeing

He was seeing
She was seeing
It was seeing

You were seeing

They were seeing

Отрицание

I was not seeing

You were not seeing

He was not seeing
She was not seeing
It was not seeing

We were not seeing

You were not seeing

They were not seeing

Вопрос

Were you seeing?

Was he seeing?
Was she seeing?
Was it seeing?

Were you seeing?

Were they seeing?

See in past perfect

Утверждение

He had seen
She had seen
It had seen

Отрицание

You had not seen

He had not seen
She had not seen
It had not seen

We had not seen

You had not seen

They had not seen

Вопрос

Had he seen?
Had she seen?
Had it seen?

See in past perfect continuous

Утверждение

I had been seeing

You had been seeing

He had been seeing
She had been seeing
It had been seeing

We had been seeing

You had been seeing

They had been seeing

Отрицание

I had not been seeing

You had not been seeing

He had not been seeing
She had not been seeing
It had not been seeing

We had not been seeing

You had not been seeing

They had not been seeing

Вопрос

Had I been seeing?

Had you been seeing?

Had he been seeing?
Had she been seeing?
Had it been seeing?

Had we been seeing?

Had you been seeing?

Had they been seeing?

See in future simple

Утверждение

He will see
She will see
It will see

Отрицание

You will not see

He will not see
She will not see
It will not see

We will not see

You will not see

They will not see

Вопрос

Will he see?
Will she see?
Will it see?

See in future continuous

Утверждение

I will be seeing

You will be seeing

He will be seeing
She will be seeing
It will be seeing

We will be seeing

You will be seeing

They will be seeing

Отрицание

I will not be seeing

You will not be seeing

He will not be seeing
She will not be seeing
It will not be seeing

We will not be seeing

You will not be seeing

They will not be seeing

Вопрос

Will I be seeing?

Will you be seeing?

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Will he be seeing?
Will she be seeing?
Will it be seeing?

Will we be seeing?

Will you be seeing?

Will they be seeing?

See in future perfect

Утверждение

I will have seen

You will have seen

He will have seen
She will have seen
It will have seen

We will have seen

You will have seen

They will have seen

Отрицание

I will not have seen

You will not have seen

He will not have seen
She will not have seen
It will not have seen

We will not have seen

You will not have seen

They will not have seen

Вопрос

Will I have seen?

Will you have seen?

Will he have seen?
Will she have seen?
Will it have seen?

Will we have seen?

Will you have seen?

Will they have seen?

See in future perfect continuous

Утверждение

I will have been seeing

You will have been seeing

He will have been seeing
She will have been seeing
It will have been seeing

We will have been seeing

You will have been seeing

They will have been seeing

Отрицание

I will not have been seeing

You will not have been seeing

He will not have been seeing
She will not have been seeing
It will not have been seeing

We will not have been seeing

You will not have been seeing

They will not have been seeing

Вопрос

Will I have been seeing?

Will you have been seeing?

Will he have been seeing?
Will she have been seeing?
Will it have been seeing?

Will we have been seeing?

Will you have been seeing?

Will they have been seeing?

See in conditional present

Утверждение

He would see
She would see
It would see

Отрицание

I would not see

You would not see

He would not see
She would not see
It would not see

We would not see

You would not see

They would not see

Вопрос

Would he see?
Would she see?
Would it see?

See in conditional present progressive

Утверждение

I would be seeing

You would be seeing

He would be seeing
She would be seeing
It would be seeing

We would be seeing

You would be seeing

They would be seeing

Отрицание

I would not be seeing

You would not be seeing

He would not be seeing
She would not be seeing
It would not be seeing

We would not be seeing

You would not be seeing

They would not be seeing

Вопрос

Would I be seeing?

Would you be seeing?

Would he be seeing?
Would she be seeing?
Would it be seeing?

Would we be seeing?

Would you be seeing?

Would they be seeing?

See in conditional perfect

Утверждение

I would have seen

You would have seen

He would have seen
She would have seen
It would have seen

We would have seen

You would have seen

They would have seen

Отрицание

I would not have seen

You would not have seen

He would not have seen
She would not have seen
It would not have seen

We would not have seen

You would not have seen

They would not have seen

Вопрос

Would I have seen?

Would you have seen?

Would he have seen?
Would she have seen?
Would it have seen?

Would we have seen?

Would you have seen?

Would they have seen?

See in conditional perfect progressive

Утверждение

I would have been seeing

You would have been seeing

He would have been seeing
She would have been seeing
It would have been seeing

We would have been seeing

You would have been seeing

They would have been seeing

Отрицание

I would not have been seeing

You would not have been seeing

He would not have been seeing
She would not have been seeing
It would not have been seeing

We would not have been seeing

You would not have been seeing

They would not have been seeing

Вопрос

Would I have been seeing?

Would you have been seeing?

Would he have been seeing?
Would she have been seeing?
Would it have been seeing?

Источник