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Третья форма глагола set off



Три формы глагола set, перевод, значения, примеры

И вновь темой нашего занятия становятся English verbs, а точнее один конкретный их представитель. Сегодня проведем подробный разбор английского слова to set, и научимся правильно применять его в предложениях различного типа. Для этого мы не только обозначим для set 3 формы глагола, но и обстоятельно поговорим о значениях данного слова. Здесь, кстати, скрывается много полезной информации, которая поможет вам верно понимать иностранных собеседников и не попасть впросак с неправильным переводом. Так что приглашаем вас разобраться во всех тонкостях этой темы вместе с нами!

Многозначность английского глагола set

Первым делом стоит отметить варианты русского перевода английского слова to set. И мы неспроста акцентируем внимание на этом моменте. Дело в том, что это многозначный глагол, т.е. его перевод изменяется в зависимости от контекста высказывания. Чтобы разобраться в нюансах таких изменений, предлагаем рассмотреть несколько примеров.

Основное предназначение данного глагола связано с указанием на общие постановки, перестановки или настройки. Поэтому чаще всего глагол set переводят на русский язык словами «ставить», «устанавливать», «поставить», «настраивать».

  • Please, could you set your cup on the table? — Пожалуйста, не мог бы ты ставить свою чашку на стол?
  • It’s one thing to win a race, and another to set a new record. — Одно дело – выиграть гонку, и совсем другое – устанавливать новый рекорд.
  • I must set a seal on this document. — Я должен поставить на этот документ печать.
  • She asked me to set her piano. — Она попросила меня настроить ее пианино.

Помимо этого, английский set может означать местоположение и перемещение объектов или лиц в пространстве.

  • This old house sets on a hilltop. — Этот старый дом стоит на вершине холма.
  • The strong current set us southward. — Сильное течение относило нас к югу.

Также целый блок значений связан с характеристиками или изменениями свойств предметов/лиц. В таком случае формы глагола set переводятся следующим образом.

  • We are set for the party. — Мыготовыквечеринке.
  • These guys had their faces set in sadness the whole time. — Эти парни постоянно сохраняли свои лица печальными.
  • She gave a final set to his hat. — Она наконец закончила поправлять свою шляпку.

И совсем уж отдельная тема для разговора фразовый глагол set. В общем, со значениями нужно быть аккуратным и крайне внимательным. Но в целом мы рекомендуем ориентироваться на контексты «ставить», «настраивать», «перемещать», «изменять». А уже 100% точный перевод вы сможете сделать, сопоставив общий контекст высказывания со спецификой значений set.

Разбираем для to set 3 формы глагола

В целом представление о многообразии значений мы получили, теперь перейдем к изучению грамматических норм. И здесь, к счастью, все ровно наоборот. Если в переводах to set полную уверенность получить трудно, то в грамматике практически невозможно ошибиться, настолько она проста и легко запоминаема. Но это мы все же немного забегаем вперед, поэтому давайте остановимся и обстоятельно разберем для to set 3 формы, необходимые для изменения времени действия.

Первая форма (Инфинитив)

Базовая форма английских глаголов представляет собой тот вид слова, который нам знаком изначально. Таким образом, форма №1 это и есть set. Заметим, что данный инфинитив может употребляться с частицей to (to set), а также с целым рядом модальных и вспомогательных глаголов (can, should, will, do, have, to be и т.д.). Что же касается времен, то с помощью данной формы образуются предложения всех аспектов Simple Tense. Приведем несколько примеров.

  • The sun sets later these days. * — Солнце нынче садится позднее.
  • Did you set the alarm? — Тыустановилбудильник?
  • He will set us free. — Он предоставит нам свободу.
  • You can set the properties in the Properties window. — Вы можете указать характеристики в окне «Свойства».

*Обратите внимание, что в предложениях Present Simple при подлежащем в 3 л. ед.ч. форма инфинитива обязательно присоединяет окончание –s (-es).

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Вторая форма (Паст Симпл)

Чтобы говорить о прошлом, нам потребуется вторая форма глагола set. И здесь в первую очередь следует сказать о поведении правильных и неправильных глаголов в английском языке. Правильные отличаются постоянным окончанием –ed во второй и третьей формах. А вот неправильные сохраняют особое написание, которое требуется узнавать с помощью специальной таблицы. Многие английские глаголы правильные, но set – неправильный глагол, следовательно, его 2 и 3 форму нам придется запоминать наизусть. Но есть и хорошая новость: форма Past Simple у set полностью совпадает с инфинитивом!

  • She set 7 world records that still stand. — Она установила 7 мировых рекордов, которые до сих пор остаются недостижимыми.
  • I set timer for six minutes. — Я поставил таймер на 6 минут.

Обращаем ваше внимание, что данная форма используется только в одном случае: для создания утвердительных предложений времени Past Simple.

Третья форма (Причастие прошедшего времени)

Глагольная форма №3 предназначена для употребления во временах Perfect, а также для построения предложений страдательного залога. Как уже отмечалось, третья форма для неправильных глаголов индивидуальна, и ее написание следует проверять по таблице. Но неправильный глагол set и здесь сумел отличиться, ведь его третья форма равна второй, то бишь первой. Иначе говоря, здесь тоже просто пишем set, но отличить форму №3 поможет всегда сопутствующий ей have.

  • The Cayman Islands have set a world standard in marine conservation. — Каймановы острова установили мировой стандарт охраны морской среды.
  • Anton has set his parcel on the table. — Антон поставит свою посылку на стол.
  • We had to set up the chairs yesterday. — Вчера нам нужно было выставить стулья.

Получается, что все три формы нашего сегодняшнего глагола – это неизменный set. Правда, есть еще четвертая форма setting, необходимая для предложений времен Continuous. Она всегда употребляется в сочетании с to be и обязательно оканчивается на –ing. Вот и все нюансы, которые необходимо о ней знать.

Успехов в применении знаний на практике и до новых встреч!

Источник

Спряжение глагола «to set» (Английский язык)

Глагол to set – неправильный глагол в английском языке, в переводе на русский означает: устанавливать, ставить, задавать.

Infinitive to set
Simple past set
Past participle set
-s sets
-ing setting

Set in present simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

He does not set
She does not set
It does not set

They do not set

Вопрос

Does he set?
Does she set?
Does it set?

Set in present continuous

Утверждение

You are setting

He is setting
She is setting
It is setting

You are setting

They are setting

Отрицание

I am not setting

You are not setting

He is not setting
She is not setting
It is not setting

We are not setting

You are not setting

They are not setting

Вопрос

Are you setting?

Is he setting?
Is she setting?
Is it setting?

Are you setting?

Are they setting?

Set in present perfect

Утверждение

He has set
She has set
It has set

Отрицание

You have not set

He has not set
She has not set
It has not set

We have not set

You have not set

They have not set

Вопрос

Has he set?
Has she set?
Has it set?

Set in present perfect continuous

Утверждение

I have been setting

You have been setting

He has been setting
She has been setting
It has been setting

We have been setting

You have been setting

They have been setting

Отрицание

I have not been setting

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You have not been setting

He has not been setting
She has not been setting
It has not been setting

We have not been setting

You have not been setting

They have not been setting

Вопрос

Have I been setting?

Have you been setting?

Has he been setting?
Has she been setting?
Has it been setting?

Have we been setting?

Have you been setting?

Have they been setting?

Set in past simple

Утверждение

Отрицание

You did not set

He did not set
She did not set
It did not set

You did not set

They did not set

Вопрос

Did he set?
Did she set?
Did it set?

Set in past continuous

Утверждение

You were setting

He was setting
She was setting
It was setting

We were setting

You were setting

They were setting

Отрицание

I was not setting

You were not setting

He was not setting
She was not setting
It was not setting

We were not setting

You were not setting

They were not setting

Вопрос

Were you setting?

Was he setting?
Was she setting?
Was it setting?

Were we setting?

Were you setting?

Were they setting?

Set in past perfect

Утверждение

He had set
She had set
It had set

Отрицание

You had not set

He had not set
She had not set
It had not set

You had not set

They had not set

Вопрос

Had he set?
Had she set?
Had it set?

Set in past perfect continuous

Утверждение

I had been setting

You had been setting

He had been setting
She had been setting
It had been setting

We had been setting

You had been setting

They had been setting

Отрицание

I had not been setting

You had not been setting

He had not been setting
She had not been setting
It had not been setting

We had not been setting

You had not been setting

They had not been setting

Вопрос

Had I been setting?

Had you been setting?

Had he been setting?
Had she been setting?
Had it been setting?

Had we been setting?

Had you been setting?

Had they been setting?

Set in future simple

Утверждение

He will set
She will set
It will set

Отрицание

You will not set

He will not set
She will not set
It will not set

We will not set

You will not set

They will not set

Вопрос

Will he set?
Will she set?
Will it set?

Set in future continuous

Утверждение

I will be setting

You will be setting

He will be setting
She will be setting
It will be setting

We will be setting

You will be setting

They will be setting

Отрицание

I will not be setting

You will not be setting

He will not be setting
She will not be setting
It will not be setting

We will not be setting

You will not be setting

They will not be setting

Вопрос

Will I be setting?

Will you be setting?

Will he be setting?
Will she be setting?
Will it be setting?

Will we be setting?

Will you be setting?

Will they be setting?

Set in future perfect

Утверждение

I will have set

You will have set

He will have set
She will have set
It will have set

We will have set

You will have set

They will have set

Отрицание

I will not have set

You will not have set

He will not have set
She will not have set
It will not have set

We will not have set

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You will not have set

They will not have set

Вопрос

Will I have set?

Will you have set?

Will he have set?
Will she have set?
Will it have set?

Will we have set?

Will you have set?

Will they have set?

Set in future perfect continuous

Утверждение

I will have been setting

You will have been setting

He will have been setting
She will have been setting
It will have been setting

We will have been setting

You will have been setting

They will have been setting

Отрицание

I will not have been setting

You will not have been setting

He will not have been setting
She will not have been setting
It will not have been setting

We will not have been setting

You will not have been setting

They will not have been setting

Вопрос

Will I have been setting?

Will you have been setting?

Will he have been setting?
Will she have been setting?
Will it have been setting?

Will we have been setting?

Will you have been setting?

Will they have been setting?

Set in conditional present

Утверждение

He would set
She would set
It would set

Отрицание

I would not set

You would not set

He would not set
She would not set
It would not set

We would not set

You would not set

They would not set

Вопрос

Would he set?
Would she set?
Would it set?

Set in conditional present progressive

Утверждение

I would be setting

You would be setting

He would be setting
She would be setting
It would be setting

We would be setting

You would be setting

They would be setting

Отрицание

I would not be setting

You would not be setting

He would not be setting
She would not be setting
It would not be setting

We would not be setting

You would not be setting

They would not be setting

Вопрос

Would I be setting?

Would you be setting?

Would he be setting?
Would she be setting?
Would it be setting?

Would we be setting?

Would you be setting?

Would they be setting?

Set in conditional perfect

Утверждение

I would have set

You would have set

He would have set
She would have set
It would have set

We would have set

You would have set

They would have set

Отрицание

I would not have set

You would not have set

He would not have set
She would not have set
It would not have set

We would not have set

You would not have set

They would not have set

Вопрос

Would I have set?

Would you have set?

Would he have set?
Would she have set?
Would it have set?

Would we have set?

Would you have set?

Would they have set?

Set in conditional perfect progressive

Утверждение

I would have been setting

You would have been setting

He would have been setting
She would have been setting
It would have been setting

We would have been setting

You would have been setting

They would have been setting

Отрицание

I would not have been setting

You would not have been setting

He would not have been setting
She would not have been setting
It would not have been setting

We would not have been setting

You would not have been setting

They would not have been setting

Вопрос

Would I have been setting?

Would you have been setting?

Would he have been setting?
Would she have been setting?
Would it have been setting?

Источник