Меню

упражнения с суффиксами английского существительного



Словообразование существительных в английском языке. Cуффиксы (полный список)

В этом уроке из раздела «Словообразование в английском языке» мы продолжим разговор о суффиксах существительных. Мы уже рассмотрели самые распространенные суффиксы существительного в английском языке . Помните эти пять суффиксов?

Всего у английского существительного 16 суффиксов:

  • -er/or, -tion, -ing, -ness, -ence/ance (основной список — 9 класс),
  • -hood, -ship, -dom, -th, -t, -(i)ty, -ment, -age,-ure, -ee, -ist (расширенный список -11 класс).

Далее будем запоминать и тренироваться.

Словообразование существительных

Суффиксы существительных в английском языке

1. Суффиксы -hood, -ship, -dom, с помощью которых существительные образуются от других существительных и прилагательных.

  1. hood
    child — childhood (ребенок — детство)
    neighbour — neighbourhood (сосед — соседство)
  2. ship
    friend — friendship (друг — дружба)
    champion — championship (чемпион — чемпионат)
    partner — partnership (партнер — партнерство)
  3. dom
    king — kingdom (король — королевство)
    free — freedom (свободный — свобода)
    wise — wisdom (мудрый — мудрость)

2. Суффиксы -th, -t, -(i)ty, с помощью которых существительные образуются от прилагательных.

  1. th (возможно чередование гласной в корне слова)
    warm — warmth (теплый — тепло)
    long — length
    strong — strength
    wide — width
    deep — depth
    young — youth
  2. t
    high — height (высокий — высота)
  3. (i)ty
    electric — electricity (электрический — электричество)
    possible — possibility
    probable — probability

3. Суффиксы -ment, -age, -ure, с помощью которых существительные образуются от глаголов.

  1. ment
    state — statement (утверждать — утверждение)
    develop — development
  2. age
    marry — marriage (жениться — брак, замужество)
    break — breakage
  3. ure
    press — pressure (давить — давление)
    please — pleasure
    depart — departure

4. И отдельно рассмотрим суффиксы профессии — ist и суффикс -ee.

  1. ist
    biology — biologist (биология — биолог)
    psychology — psychologist (психология — психолог)
  2. ee
    address — addressee (адрес — адресат/ получатель)
    employer — employee (наниматель — служащий)

2. Electricity resulted from the development of science. — Электричество явилось результатом развития науки.

3.The breakage was because of high pressure. — Поломка была из-за высокого давления.

Суффиксы существительных в английском языке. Упражнения

Упражнение 1. Прочитайте существительное и укажите суффикс при помощи которого оно образовано.

ПРИМЕР. performance — The noun performance is formed with the help of the suffix -ance.

silence, biologist, employment, humanity, modesty, settlement, feeling

Упражнение 2. Найдите в каждой строчке существительное и переведите его.

Упражнение 3. Образуйте от основ выделенных слов существительные с указанными суффиксами и напишите их.

— ment:
1.The child was greatly excited when he received a big bear as a birthday present.
The child’s ____________was very great.

2. My English has improved very little for the last two months.
There is very little ___________ in my English, I am afraid.

3. The children enjoyed entertaining the guests.
They enjoyed giving an _____________ for their guests.

— tion
4. He collected a good library of books.
He had a good __________ of books.

5. The machines exhibited in the hall were very interesting to us.
The machines at the ___________ are very interesting.

6. He said he wanted to continue studying after he graduated from the institute.
He said he wanted to continue studying after….

ance
7. The scientists had difficulty explaining how the star had disappeared.
They had difficulty in explaining the____________.of the star.

— ence
8. We were surprised to find out how different her speech had become.
We were surprised at the ________________in her speech.

Упражнение 4. Вставьте в пробелы глаголы, образованные от данных в скобках существительных.

1. He said good bye and ____________ (departure)
2. Your pronunciation has _____________ wonderfully. (improvement)
3. The doctor ______________the boy’s arm carefully. (examination)

Упражнение 5. Вставьте в пробелы существительные, образованные от данных в скобках глаголов.

1. This rare book is the first _____________ of Pushkin’s poems. (to edit)
2. The sixth-form pupils’ English ___________was much better this year. (to perform)
3. The dancer’s__________became slower and slower (to move).

Читайте также:  существительное подлежащие а сказуемое тоже существительным

Упражнение 6. Образуйте существительные от прилагательных.

Например, 1. thirsty (жаждущий) — ? ваш вариант (жажда).

Вводим слово жажда в словарь и проверяем совпал ли ваш вариант с тем, который предлагает словарь.

Упражнение 7. Сделай правильный выбор. Переведи предложение.
1. What is the (long, length) of the corridor?
2. How (long, length) is the street?
3. He is not (strong, strength) enough to fight with John?
4. My brother can lift the box because of his (strong, strength).
5. Nelly’s skirt is too (wide, width).
6. We can’t get the piano through the door because of its (wide, width).
7. Is spring a (warmth, warm) season?
8. We felt the (warm, warmth) of the sun on out faces and hands.
9. We were surprised at your formal (polite, politeness).
10. We were not struck by the (white, whiteness) of the snow.

Упражнение 8. Перепишите словосочетания, указав в скобках слово, от которого образовано существительное. Переведите их.

ПРИМЕР. whole-hearted devotion (devote) — преданность всем сердцем

whole-hearted devotion, gloomy silence, an outstanding novelist, gathering darkness, limitless possibilities, an important addition, a noticeable improvement, complete understanding, widespread popularity, a gymnastic competition, a new acquaintance, a small settlement, an important announcement.

Упражнение 9. Образуйте от данных глаголов существительные, используя суффиксы: -er/-or -ment -(a)tion -ion -age -ure -th.

to construct, to equip, to divide, to inform, to mix, to observe, to move, to break, to direct, to compete, to grow, to press, to radiate, to develop, to protect, to transport, to solve, to recognize , to measure, to fail, to vibrate, to reflect, to treat, to improve, to elect, to educate, to manage, to govern, to achieve, to imagine, to attract

Упражнение 10. Вставьте в пробелы абстрактные существительные, образованные от слов, данных в скобках.

1. Suvorov always showed great courage and __________ . (wise)
2. The traveler had to overcome many __________. (difficult)
3. He sat resting, enjoying the ___________ of the fire. (warm)
4. He suffered from his own __________. (fool)
5. This man has extraordinary __________ . (strong)
6. The balloon floated at the _________of one mile. (high)
7. She remembered the happy days of her __________. (young)
8. The __________ of the canal is seventy kilometres. (long)
9. Its _________ is one hundred metres. (wide)
10. When he came round he felt a strange ____________and could not stand up (weak).

Итак, я надеюсь, что выполнив цикл упражнений на тему «Словообразование существительных в английском языке» вы запомнили 16 основных суффиксов существительных. Но если все-таки остались вопросы, пишите в комментариях. Автор, Татьяна Набеева

Словообразование. Суффиксы существительных. Повторение

Упражнение 11. Образуйте существительные от данных прилагательных, используя суффиксы из таблицы.

able, near, distant, long, wide, strong, wise, kind, electric, short, white, probable, persistent (упорный), dependent, insistent (настойчивый), indifferent (безразличный), unstable (нестабильный), patient, responsible, important, stupid, curious

Источник

Словообразование в английском — упражнения с ответами

Добрый день, читатели блога grammar-tei.com. Сегодня мы займемся словообразованием и выполним несколько упражнений на словообразование в английском языке. Все упражнения даются с ответами, поэтому Вы сможете проверить себя.

Тема словообразование в английском – очень сложная, поэтому практиковаться нужно много. Всем известно, что задания на словообразования есть в ЕГЭ. Не будем откладывать и выполним упражнения на словообразование в английском.

Задания на словообразование. Word building exercises.

Упражнение 1. Раскройте скобки. Образуйте существительные.

  1. The study calculated that replacing weekly fruit juice . with whole fruits could bring health benefits. (consume)
  2. For my birthday Mother baked a cake with yellow . . (ice)
  3. Carbohydrates, proteins and fats are called . because they provide the fuel your body needs. (nutrition)
  4. Many women have to juggle . and a full-time job. (mother)
  5. . are unavoidable when three . live under one roof. (argue, generate)
  6. Her deep . of her sister was evident. (hate)
  7. Older people who live alone often need help with gardening and house . (maintain)
  8. Positive attitude helps employees to get along with . and managers. (worker)
  9. China’s air. has cut life . by an average of 5.5 years in the north of the country and caused higher rates of lung cancer. (pollute, expect)
  10. It is much safer to use stainless steel or glass . instead of plastic ones. (contain)
Читайте также:  безударные окончание существительных с дядей

Упражнение 2. Раскройте скобки. Образуйте прилагательные.

  1. My favorite . book is “Appetite” by Nigel Slater. (cooker)
  2. Eating can also make you . and so can waking up in the morning. (thirst)
  3. You shouldn’t rest on your laurels but try to improve your . performance. (academy)
  4. Highly . gas is naturally found in coal mines. (explode)
  5. An . species is a species of organisms facing a very high risk of extinction. (danger)
  6. The most. earthquake struck in Shanxi, China 1556. (disaster)
  7. . exploitation of nature by man has resulted in the effects we have to deal with now. (thought)
  8. Laos is a landlocked . country, widely covered by tropical forest. (mountain)
  9. I decided to take a walk. It would be too . to wait in the queue. (tire)

Упражнение 3. Используйте отрицательные приставки. Образуйте подходящие по смыслу слова.

  1. The service was slow and the waiter’s familiarity was … , so we left without paying. (accept)
  2. Some children are a challenge, especially when they . in public places. (behaviour)
  3. To my . , the restaurant was overbooked and we had to spend the evening at home. (appoint)
  4. Michael was . about what dessert to order. (decide)
  5. Parents’. of their children’s behaviour and life choices can ruin their lives. (approve)
  6. There is a huge difference between . children and those merely . to listen to their parents’ advice. (obey, will)
  7. Young children mustn’t be left . either at home or at public places. (attention)
  8. She was frequently left alone by her . husband. (faith)
  9. If you describe someone as . you are criticising them because they are unable to do their job or a task properly or are . to act in this capacity. (competence, qualifications)
  10. Banks are still seen as . and many people keep their savings at home. (security)

Упражнение 4. Раскройте скобки, образуйте глаголы.

  1. Guar gum also is used in the food industry to . products like ice cream. (thick)
  2. Old Manchester houses are made of red brick. by soot. (black)
  3. David spotted the pink silk lampshade in a shop and thought it would . up the room. (bright)
  4. Do we ever stop to think about the importance of the air we . ? (breath)
  5. I’d like to . this dress for one in a larger size. (change)
  6. They . 100 dollars from a bank account an hour ago. (draw)

Упражнение 5. Раскройте скобки. Образуйте подходящие по смыслу слова.

  1. Sometimes one’s . are the only people one can . in. (parental, confidence)
  2. Many people . that getting a spouse can put them out of their. which later. wrong, because sometimes marriage makes life more difficult. (belief, miserable, proof)
  3. An . Roman . has been discovered in northwest England, (extend, settle)
  4. The dining-room is elegantly . and . carpeted, (furniture, luxury)
  5. Everyone is . of her having the chance to . abroad, (envy, student)
  6. When employers look at. candidates, beyond skills, experience, and training, they look for those who demonstrate . (prospect, enthuse)
  7. In the city the . and . were insufferable, (hot, humid)
  8. Our planet’s. regions, located just north and south of the equator, are known for their. and . (tropic, warm, humid)
  9. Next to Shakespeare, no . gets more love on Broadway than Tennessee Williams, (play)
  10. During Elizabeth’s reign England significantly . its trade . and in 1580 Sir Francis Drake became the first Englishman to successfully . the earth, (expansion, sea, circumnavigation)
Читайте также:  морфологический разбор слова существительного заяц

Упражнение 6. Образуйте слова от данных. Вставьте слова в текст.

A.

RESTORATION, LOOK, DEMOLITION, EXTEND, GOTH, ACCOMMODATE, PANELLING, UNEXPECTED

Located in Wiltshire, an outstanding and beautifully __________ (1), late ________ (2) style manor house was built of limestone. Originally it was a much larger property that was mostly ___________ (3). Solid in appearance and structure, it offers _________ (4) and well presented ___________ (5). As one would ___________ (6) there is a grand drawing room with oak _________ (7) walls and a large open fireplace. The large windows __________ (8) a parkland setting.

B.

FORM, ILLEGAL, EDUCATIONAL, QUALIFICATIONS, TUITION

Home education is when a child is __________ (1) at home rather than at school. It’s perfectly __________ (2) in the UK and one doesn’t need to be a __________ (3) teacher to do so. Children who are home educated receive all their education from their parents, sometimes with the help of outside __________ (4). If you decide to home educate your child you don’t have to follow __________ (5) rules about how you teach or when you teach.

C.

CHIEF, SEARCH, SCIENCE, INDUCE, COLLECT, APPLY, ADOPTION, FOUND

English philosopher, statesman, and jurist who rose to become Lei Chancellor (1618—1621) to James I but is __________ (1) remembered for the status he gave to __________ (2) research in England. Although his name is associated with the method of __________ (3) and the rejection of a priori reasoning in science, the painstaking __________ (4) of miscellaneous facts without any use of error theory which he supported in the Novum Organum has never been __________ (5) as a practical method of __________ (6). The __________ (7) of the Baconian method was, however, an important object in the __________ (8) of the Royal Society some years later.

D.

DEPTH, HARMLESS, DESIRE, MODERATE, ACCESS

We’ve all heard of emotional eating. There’s also such a thing as emotional shopping. In __________ (1), neither of these activities is __________ (2), but in excess both can have serious consequences. The __________ (3) and the affordability of goods make shopping all the more appealing. For many compulsive buyers, a big part of the appeal of shopping is the process of searching out and obtaining that new, better, __________ (4) item. This process is so mesmerising that it often ruins long-term financial plans, leaving shoppers __________ (5) in debt.

Ответы к упражнениям на словообразование. Word building exercises – answers.

1 consumption, 2 icing, 3 nutrients, 4 motherhood/maternity, 5 arguments, generations, 6 hatred, 7 maintenance, 8 co-workers, 9 pollution, expectancy

1 cookery, 2 thirsty, 3 academic, 4 explosive, 5 endangered, 6 disastrous, 7 thoughtless, 8 mountainous, 9 tiresome

1 unacceptable, 2 misbehave, 3 disappointment, 4 indecisive, 5 disapproval, 6 disobedient, unwilling, 7 unattended, 8 unfaithful, 9 incompetent, unqualified, 10 insecure

1 thicken, 2 blackened, 3 brighten, 4 breathe, 5 exchange, 6 withdrew

1 parents, confide, 2 believe, misery, proves, 3 extensive, settlement, 4 furnished, luxuriously 5 envious, study, 6 prospective, enthusiasm, 7 heat, humidity, 8 tropic (al), warmth, humidity, 9 playwright, 10 expanded, oversea (s), circumnavigate

1 restored, 2 gothic, 3 demolished, 4 extensive 5 accommodation, 6 expect, 7 panel (l) ed, 8 overlook

1 educated, 2 legal, 3 qualified, 4 tutors, 5 formal

1 chiefly, 2 scientific, 3 induction, 4 collection, 5 adopted, 6 research, 7 application, 8 foundation

1 moderation, 2 harmful, 3 accessibility, 4 desirable, 5 deeply

Надеюсь, эти упражнения на словообразование помогут Вам в изучении этого непростого раздела английского языка. Word building exercises are very useful!

Понравилось? Сохраните на будущее и поделитесь с друзьями!

Источник