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Задания на фразовый глагол с off



Фразовые глаголы: on и off (продолжение)

Глагол + on = продолжать делать что-либо

drive on / walk on / play on = продолжать walking/driving/playing (идти/ехать/играть и др.

  • Shall we stop at this petrol station or shall we drive on to the next one?
    Остановимся на этой заправке или доедем до следующей?

go on = continue = продолжать

  • The party went on until 4 o’clock in the morning.
    Вечеринка продолжалась до 4 часов утра.

go on / carry on (doing something) = continue (doing something) = продолжать (делать что-то)

  • We can’t go on spending money like this. We’ll have nothing left soon.
    Мы не можем продолжать так разбрасываться деньгами. У нас скоро ничего не останется.
  • I don’t want to carry on working here. I’m going to look for another job.
    Я не хочу больше (досл.: продолжать) здесь работать. Я поищу другую работу.

Также go on with / carry on with something

  • Don’t let me disturb you. Please carry on with what you’re doing.
    Не обращайте на меня внимания (досл.: не разрешайте мне беспокоить вас), пожалуйста, продолжайте делать то, что делаете.

keep on doing something = do it continuously or repeatedly = делать постоянно или часто

  • He keeps on criticising me. I’m fed up with it!
    Он продолжает меня критиковать. Мне это уже надоело!

Get on

get on = progress = продвигаться (о прогрессе)

  • How are you getting on in your new job? (= How is it going?)
    Как продвигаются дела на новой работе?

get on (with somebody) = have a good relationship = иметь хорошие отношения, ладить

  • Joanne and Karen don’t get on. They’re always arguing.
    Джоанна и Карен не ладят (друг с другом). Они всегда ссорятся.
  • Richard gets on well with his neighbours. They’re all very friendly.
    Ричард хорошо ладит со своими соседями. Они все очень дружелюбные.

get on with something = продолжать делать то, что вам нужно сделать, обычно после какого-либо перерыва

  • I must get on with my work. I have a lot to do.
    Мне надо продолжить делать работу, у меня её много.

Глагол + off

doze off / drop off / nod off = fall asleep = задремать

  • The lecture wasn’t very interesting. In fact I dropped off in the middle of it.
    Лекция не была очень интересной. На самом деле, я задремал в середине лекции.

finish something off = do the last part of something = закончить, завершить последнюю часть чего-либо

  • A: Have you finished painting the kitchen?
    B: Nearly. I’ll finish it off tomorrow.
    Ты закончил красить на кухне?
    Почти. Я закончу завтра.

go off = explode = взрываться

  • A bomb went off in the city centre, but fortunately nobody was hurt.
    Бомба взорвалась в центре города, но, к счастью, никто не пострадал.

Также an alarm (1. сигнал тревоги 2. будильник 3. сигнализация) может go off = ring = звенеть; звучать

  • Did you hear the alarm go off?
    Ты слышал, как сработала сигнализация?

put somebody off (doing something) = cause somebody not to want something or to do something = по какой-либо причине не хотеть что-либо (делать)

  • We wanted to go to the exhibition, but we were put off by the long queue.
    Мы хотели пойти на выставку, но нас отпугнула длинная очередь.
  • What put you off applying for the job? Was the salary too low?
    Что отпугнуло тебя от подачи заявления о приеме на работу? Низкая зарплата?

rip somebody off = cheat somebody (informal) = запрашивать слишком высокую цену; вымогать деньги (разговорный)

  • Did you really pay £1,000 for that painting? I think you were ripped off. (= you paid too much)
    Ты правда заплатил £1000 за эту картину? Я думаю, что тебя надули.

show off = try to impress people with your ability, your knowledge etc. = хвастаться, красоваться, рисоваться (пытаться удивить людей своими способностями, знаниями и др.)

  • Look at that boy on the bike riding with no hands. He’s just showing off.
    Посмотри на того мальчика, который едет на велосипеде без рук. Он просто выпендривается.

tell somebody off = speak angrily to somebody because they did something wrong = ругать; отчитывать, бранить (говорить сердито с кем-то из-за того, что они сделали что-то неправильно

  • Clare’s mother told her off for wearing dirty shoes in the house.
    Мать Клэр отчитала ее за то, что она носит грязную обувь в доме.

Упражнения

1. Замените выделенные слова аналогичным по значению фразовым глаголом с on или off.

  1. Did you hear the bomb explode?
    Did you hear the bomb ?
  2. The meeting continued longer than I expected.
    The meeting longer than I expected.
  3. We didn’t stop to rest. We continued walking.
    We didn’t stop to rest. We .
  4. I fell asleep while I was watching TV.
    I while I was watching TV.
  5. Gary doesn’t want to retire. He wants to continue working.
    Gary doesn’t want to retire. He wants to working.
  6. The fire alarm rang in the middle of the night.
    The fire alarm in the middle of the night.
  7. Martin phones me continuously. It’s very annoying.
    Martin . It’s very annoying.

2. Закончите каждое предложение, используя глагол + on или off.

  1. We can’t spending money like this. We’ll have nothing left soon.
  2. I was standing by the car when suddenly the alarm .
  3. I’m not ready to go home yet. I have a few things to .
  4. ‘Shall I stop the car here?’ ‘No, .’
  5. Bill paid too much for the car he bought. I think he was .
  6. ‘Is Emma enjoying her course at university?’ ‘Yes, she’s very well.’
  7. I was very tired at work today. I nearly at my desk a couple of times.

3. Закончите предложения. Используйте следующие глаголы (в правильной форме) + on или off. Иногда вам понадобятся и другие слова.

carry finish get get get go rip tell

  1. A: How in your new job?
    B: Fine, thanks. It’s going very well.
  2. A: Have you written the letter you had to write?
    B: I’ve started it. I’ll in the morning.
  3. A: We took a taxi to the airport. It cost £40.
    B: £40! Normally it costs about £20. You .
  4. A: Why were you late for work this morning?
    B: I overslept. My alarm clock didn’t .

Источник

Unit 141 Фразовые глаголы с предлогами on и off (урок 2)

Задания, которые помогут закрепить английские предлоги на практике:

Фразовые глаголы с предлогами on и off

В этом уроке мы продолжаем разбирать фразовые глаголы английского с предлогами on и off. Продолжаем составлять список фразовых глаголов с on и off, которые очень часто используются в современном английском языке.

Фразовые глаголы с on в значении «продолжать делать»

drive on / walk on / play on (и др. глаголы) — продолжать ехать / идти / играть
go on — продолжать
carry on (doing) — продолжать (делать)
keep on — постоянно делать (что-либо)
Keep on working in order to succeed. — Продолжай работать, чтобы добиться успеха.

Фразовый глагол get on

Он имеет несколько разных значений:
— продвигаться (в плане прогресса)
— ладить с человеком
— возобновить (действие, которое было прервано)
Do you get on well with John? — Ты хорошо ладишь с Джоном?

Популярные фразовые глаголы с off

doze off / drop off / nod off — заснуть
finish (smth) off — завершить (выполнить завершающую стадию)
go off — взорваться (о бомбе), зазвенеть (о будильнике)
put (smbd) off (doing smth) — убедить отказаться от идеи (сделать что-либо)
rip off — облапошить, обдурить (слэнг)
show off — красоваться, хвалиться, красоваться
tell smb off — наругать, отчитать, выговаривать

I know I made a mistake. But don’t tell me off about that. — Я знаю, что сделал ошибку. Но не нужно меня за это отчитывать.

Задания, которые помогут закрепить английские предлоги на практике:

Источник

Упражнения на фразовые глаголы с ответами

Фразовый глагол — это глагол, за которым следует предлог или наречие и значение которого отличается от основного глагола. (take основной глагол — брать; take after — напоминать).

Проверим, насколько хорошо Вы дружите с английскими фразовыми глаголами.

Exercise 1. Замените слова в скобках необходимым синонимом с помощью фразового глагола get, используя предлоги along, across, down, over, over with.

  1. Jane has difficulty in getting her ideas … . (communicating)
  2. Do you get … with your parents? (have a good relationship)
  3. The sooner we start writing the report, the sooner we get it … . (finish)
  4. This rainy weather gets me … . (make somebody sad)
  5. Alice hasn’t been able to get … the fact that she failed her exams. (recover from)

Answers: 1. across 2. along 3. over with 4. down 5. over.

Вставьте необходимый предлог (along, across, down, over, over with).

  1. Do you get … well with your classmates?
  2. The bad weather is really beginning to get me … .
  3. The teacher has difficulty getting her ideas … to the students.
  4. It has taken me a long time to get … the flu.
  5. Come on! The sooner we start, the sooner we will get it … .

Answers: 1. on 2. down 3. across 4. over 5. over with.

Exercise 2. Замените слова в скобках необходимым синонимом с помощью фразового глагола go, используя предлоги down with, off, without, with, up, after, through.

  1. The dog went … the kitten. (chased)
  2. Does this pink shirt go … my blue trousers? (match)
  3. The cheese smells funny. It’s probably gone … . (bad)
  4. Jane went … the flu yesterday so she didnt go to school. (became ill)
  5. Laura is unhappy. She is going … a very difficult time. (experiencing)
  6. Camels can go … water longer than any other animal. (lack/not have)
  7. The price of petrol has gone … again. (increased)

Answers: 1. after 2. with 3. off 4. down with 5. through 6. without 7. up.

Дополните предложения необходимым предлогом (см. выше).

  1. The police officer went … the bank robber.
  2. This cheese is a strange colour. It must have gone … .
  3. The prices of Christmas decorations have gone … since last year.
  4. How long can an animal go … food?
  5. She’s been … a lot since her accident.

Answers: 1. after 2. off 3. down/up 4. without 5. through.

Exercise 3. Замените слова в скобках необходимым синонимом с помощью фразового глагола bring, используя предлоги round, in, up, out, back, about.

  1. This song brings … happy memories from my childhood. (cause to recall)
  2. Cheltenham is an ideal place to bring … your children. (raise)
  3. The new government has brought … many changes in education. (cause to happen)
  4. My part-time job brings … £400 a month. (make money)
  5. She passed out and we brought her … with a glass of water. (make conscious again)
  6. Shakira is bringing … a new album. (put on the market)

Answers: 1. back 2. up 3. about 4. in 5. round 6. out.

Дополните предложения необходимым предлогом (см. выше).

  1. Looking at these photographs brings … so many happy memories.
  2. She passed out and the doctor had to bring her … .
  3. I was brought … in the countryside, so I don’t really like the city much.
  4. J.K. Rowling brought … the new Harry Potter book last month.
  5. My job brings … 1200 euros a month.

Answers: 1. back 2. round 3. up 4. out 5. in.

Exercise 4. Замените слова в скобках необходимым синонимом с помощью фразового глагола put, используя предлоги away, off, on, through, up with, out.

  1. When you have finished, put … your books. (tidy)
  2. The match was put … until next weekend. (arrange for another time)
  3. Can I be put … to Mr Smith, please? (connect by phone)
  4. It’s cold. Put … a sweater. (dress oneself)
  5. The fire fighters managed to put … the fire. (stop)
  6. She couldn’t put … his rudeness so she complained to the teacher. (accept)

Answers: 1. away 2. off 3. through 4. on 5. out 6. up with.

Дополните предложения необходимым предлогом (см. выше).

  1. The brave men managed to put … the fire in the barn.
  2. I can’t put … his rude remarks any longer!
  3. Our school trip was put … until next week.
  4. Mum told me to put my books … .
  5. Put … a jacket — it’s cold outside.

Answers: 1. out 2. up with 3. off 4. away 5. on.

Exercise 5. Замените слова в скобках необходимым синонимом с помощью фразового глагола call, используя предлоги in, off, on, out, for.

  1. The fire fighters were called … to save the people from burning building. (asked to come to somebody’s rescue)
  2. The match was called … due to bad weather. (cancelled)
  3. The floods in the Philippines call … immediate action. (need)
  4. John called … last Saturday to have lunch with us. (visited)
  5. The doctor called … my grandmother to check if she was OK. (visit formally)

Answers: 1. called in 2. off 3. for 4. in 5. on.

Дополните предложения необходимым предлогом (см. выше + by).

  1. The earthquake in Japan calls … immediate action.
  2. The concert was called … due to the storm.
  3. Mary called … yesterday to see our new house.
  4. The police were called … to investigate the disturbance.
  5. Tina called … Mrs Brown to see if she needed any shopping.

Answers: 1. for 2. off 3. by 4. in 5. on.

Exercise 6. Замените слова в скобках необходимым синонимом с помощью фразового глагола give, используя предлоги up, away (2), out, back.

  1. Tony gave … my secret and now the whole class knows! (reveal)
  2. Don’t give … trying and your marks will improve. (stop trying)
  3. Diane, could you please give … the tests? (distribute)
  4. Sorry, I’ve forgotten to give you … your dictionary! (return)
  5. I’ve given … all me textbooks from last year. (give something because you no longer want it)

Answers: 1. away 2. up 3. out 4. back 5. away.

Дополните предложения необходимым предлогом (см. выше).

  1. Don’t give … . I know you can do it!
  2. I have to go to the library and give … some books I borrowed.
  3. Be careful! He enjoys giving … other people’s secrets.
  4. I gave … all me old clothes to the charity shop.
  5. Debra, can you give … these photocopies to the class?

Answers: 1. up 2. back 3. away 4. away 5. out.

Exercise 7. Замените слова в скобках необходимым синонимом с помощью фразового глагола take, используя предлоги to, up, off, after.

  1. Since you have so much free time, why don’t you take … tennis? (begin smth as a hobby)
  2. Danny is very active; I think he takes … his mum. (to be like)
  3. The children immediately took … their new tennis instructor. (liked)
  4. Take … your tracksuit and put it in the washing machine. (remove clothes)
  5. What time did the plane take … ? (leave the ground)
  6. Homework takes … most of my time on weekends. (fills time)

Answers: 1. up 2. after 3. to 4. off 5. off 6. up.

Дополните предложения необходимым предлогом (см. выше).

  1. John takes … his dad. He’s also a good tennis player, too.
  2. Kate took … swimming like a duck to water.
  3. Take … those muddy boots before you come in, please!
  4. My dad took … golf when he retired.
  5. The plane took … an hour late.

Answers: 1. after 2. to 3. off 4. up 5. off.

Exercise 8. Замените слова в скобках необходимым синонимом с помощью фразового глагола turn, используя предлоги down, up, into, off, back.

  1. I love this song! Turn it … and let’s dance! (increase the volume)
  2. Don’t turn … that job, Adam — it’s a great opportunity! (refuse)
  3. He’s usually rather quiet, but at carnivals he turns … a real party animal! (becomes)
  4. Once I live my house, I never turn … . It’s very bad luck, you know. (return)
  5. I hope Jessica turns … soon. (arrives)
  6. Turn the lights … and I’ll bring in the birthday cake and candles. (switch off)

Answers: 1. up 2. down 3. into 4. back 5. up 6. off.

Exercise 9. Замените слова в скобках необходимым синонимом с помощью фразового глагола make, используя предлоги up for, out, of, off with, up.

  1. It was so foggy that we couldn’t make … the number of the house. (see clearly)
  2. The burglar made … our TV and DVD player. (stole and run away with)
  3. Peter bought his mum some chocolates to make … breaking her favourite vase. (compensate for)
  4. Don’t believe anything Tom tells you — he’s always making … stories! (inventing)
  5. What do you make … Steve’s new idea? (think about)

Answers: 1. out 2. off with 3. up for 4. up 5. of.

Дополните предложения необходимым предлогом (см. выше).

  1. Paul should write children’s books, he’s always making … stories for his kids.
  2. What do you make … your new neighbours?
  3. I’ll make … not doing my chores this week, I promise.
  4. The thief made … the painting without knowing it wasn’t the real one.
  5. Your handwriting is terrible. I can’t make … what it says.

Answers: 1. up 2. of 3. up for 4. off with 5. out.

Exercise 10. Замените слова в скобках необходимым синонимом с помощью фразового глагола come, используя предлоги down with, out, across, over, up with.

  1. Alan came … a mysterious map in his grandmother’s attic. (found by chance)
  2. It was Will who came … the idea of going into the haunted house. (thought of)
  3. After getting caught in the rain, Jane came … a terrible cold. (got)
  4. Stephen King’s new book has just come … . (become available to the public)
  5. As soon as I stepped into the creepy house, a strange feeling came … me. (affected me strongly)

Answers: 1. across 2. up with 3. down with 4. out 5. over.

Дополните предложения необходимым предлогом (см. выше).

  1. Eve came … with a great idea for a story.
  2. Dave came … a secret passage in the castle.
  3. A strange feeling came … me as I walked home.
  4. I can’t wait for Spielberg’s new film to come … .
  5. Lee feels ill. He must be coming … with the flu.

Answers: 1. up 2. across 3. over 4. out 5. down.

Exercise 11. Замените слова в скобках необходимым синонимом с помощью фразового глагола break, используя предлоги out, out of, into, up, down.

  1. They think the fire broke … because of a loose electrical wire.
  2. Burglars broke … Dad’s office last night and stole his computer.
  3. James and Mandy had a terrible argument and then they broke … .
  4. What’s wrong with the washing machine now? It’s always breaking … !
  5. They broke … prison and escaped.

Answers: 1. out 2. into 3. up 4. down 5. out of.

Дополните предложения необходимым предлогом (см. выше).

  1. Tom and Julie broke … .
  2. A forest fire broke … yesterday.
  3. The thief broke … our house.
  4. The lion broke … the wooden crate.
  5. My old car is always breaking … .

Answers: 1. up 2. out 3. into 4. out of 5. down.

Exercise 12. Замените слова в скобках необходимым синонимом с помощью фразового глагола run, используя предлоги into, out of, through, away, over.

  1. Let’s run … that dance sequence just one more time. (rehearse)
  2. Sharon thought David was out of town, but she ran … him at the cinema. (met by accident)
  3. He almost ran … a cat yesterday when it jumped in front of his car. (knocked down)
  4. The book is about a young boy who runs … from home. (to leave because you are unhappy)
  5. We’ve run … sugar — I’ll go and buy some. (have none left)

Answers: 1. through 2. into 3. over 4. away 5. out of.

Дополните предложения необходимым предлогом (см. выше).

  1. He is upset because his cat got run … yesterday.
  2. The actors ran … the scene once more.
  3. The film is about a boy who runs … from home.
  4. I have run … of white paint. Can you buy me some?
  5. Jack ran … an old school friend in the park.

Answers: 1. over 2. through 3. away 4. out 5. into.

Exercise 13. Замените слова в скобках необходимым синонимом с помощью фразового глагола check, используя предлоги out of, on, out (2), in, up on, off.

  1. Shall we check … that new Thai restaurant tonight? (try)
  2. They checked … at the hotel and were shown to their rooms. (registered)
  3. I’m just going to check … things at the office. (make sure sb/smth is alright)
  4. Let’s call a taxi to pick us up and then check … the hotel. (pay the bill and leave)
  5. I’ve checked … the items on my list. (ticked)
  6. I checked … my brother to make sure he was doing his homework. (made sure)

Answers: 1. out 2. in 3. out 4. out of 5. off 6. up on.

Дополните предложения необходимым предлогом (см. выше).

  1. Let’s go and check … that new restaurant on the High street.
  2. Sam checked … and went to wait in the departure lounge.
  3. Can you check … the dinner and make sure it’s not burning?
  4. I’ve checked … everything on the list so we can finish shopping now.
  5. What time do we have to check … of the hotel?

Answers: 1. out 2. in 3. on 4. off 5. out.

Exercise 14. Замените слова в скобках необходимым синонимом с помощью фразового глагола keep, используя предлоги back, out of, up with, on, off.

  1. Please keep the dog … the kitchen — it’s not hygienic to have him in there. (prevent from entering)
  2. Keep … ! The burning building is about to collapse! (don’t go near)
  3. Martha and Kate kept … whispering, even after I had told them to stop. (continued)
  4. Jody was finding it very difficult to keep … her schoolwork. (stay on schedule)
  5. The sign says «keep … the grass». (don’t walk on)

Answers: 1. out of 2. back 3. on 4. up with 5. off.

Дополните предложения необходимым предлогом (см. выше).

  1. «Please keep … the grass!» the gardener said to the children in the park.
  2. The baby kept … crying, even after he had been fed.
  3. Sometimes, Josh finds it difficult to keep … the other students in his class.
  4. Mum is always telling us to keep the cat … the kitchen.
  5. «Keep … from the fire! » the police shouted at the croud.

Answers: 1. off 2. on 3. up with 4. out of 5. back.

Exercise 15. Замените слова в скобках необходимым синонимом с помощью фразового глагола carry, используя предлоги on, off, out, away, through.

  1. Harry didn’t think he would remember what to say in his speech, but in the end he carried it … . (managed)
  2. The police still don’t know who carried … the attack. (did)
  3. The government has made some proposals to help the environment, but we don’t know whether they’ll actually carry them … . (complete them, despite possible difficulties)
  4. Sarah got carried … when she passed her exams and started screaming and jumping up and down. (over-excited)
  5. Paul carried … talking after I had told him to stop. (continued)

Answers: 1. off 2. out 3. through 4. away 5. on.

Дополните предложения необходимым предлогом (см. выше).

  1. The police think they know who’s been carrying … the burglaries.
  2. Bethany carried … surfing after she lost her arm in a shark attack.
  3. Amanda didn’t think she would be able to put on an American accent in the play, but in the end she carried it … really well.
  4. Everyone was surprised when the prime minister actually carried … the changes he had proposed.
  5. John got carried … when he won the race; he started screaming and running around.

Answers: 1. out 2. on 3. off 4. through 5. away.

Exercise 16. Соедините фразовый глагол с его значением.

  • begin and seem likely to continue
  • start a journey
  • save
  • slow down

We 1) set aside some money for a special holiday and I decided to go on a six-week trip around Australia. When I arrived in Sydney, the summer was really 2) setting in and it was getting really hot. Dad rented a jeep and we 3) set off the next day to discover the outback. I was exited. On that first day, the jeep just stopped and we had to call for help. They took hours to come and this 4) set us back a bit, but we were happy just to be there. Anyway, the next six weeks were perfect. We loved it.

Answers: 1. save 2. begin and seem likely to continue 3. start a journey 4. slow down.

Дополните предложения необходимым предлогом.

  1. I have been setting … a bit of money all year for my summer holidays.
  2. Winter has started to set … already, so we can go skiing.
  3. We had to set … early in the morning to catch the 6 am boat.
  4. A two-hour delay on the way to the ferry set us … , but we made up the time later.
  5. When they realised they had missed the last train, anxiety set … .

Answers: 1. aside 2. in 3. off 4. back 5. in.

WELL DONE!

Литература:

  1. Английский язык. 8 класс: учеб. для общеобразоват. организаций/Ю.Е. Ваулина, Д. Дули, Просвещение, 2016.
  2. Английский язык. 9 класс: учеб. для общеобразоват. организаций/Ю.Е. Ваулина, Д. Дули, Просвещение, 2016.

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